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Lord Whitty: The terms of reference for each study will be announced once they have been agreed by members of the steering groups which are being established to take forward each study. We expect the first such announcement to be made shortly, and to finalise the terms of reference for all the first tranche of multi-modal studies this summer.
Lord Whitty: The Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions is currently preparing guidance on the methodology for the multi-modal studies, which will set out the range of options which the studies should consider. This will cover all transport modes and other policies such as land-use planning.
Lord Whitty: The Regional Development Agencies are important regional stakeholders and we expect them to be invited to sit on the steering group for each study. Draft PPG11 makes clear that the RDAs should be involved in the preparation of the draft regional transport strategies, which will be informed by the results of these studies.
Whether the results of Regulatory Impact Assessments of the Joint Aviation Requirement-Flight Crew Licensing (JAR-FCL) have been agreed with user organisations.[HL2732]
Lord Whitty: The Joint Aviation Requirement-Flight Crew Licensing (JAR-FCL) was adopted by the Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) on 8 October 1996 and sets a common standard for flight crew licences. Organisations representing all aviation sectors participated in the preparation of JAR-FCL and fully endorsed its contents. The UK is obliged by Council Regulation 3922/91 and the JAA Arrangements to implement all JARs by the due date, and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) has been progressively introducing the technical requirements of JAR-FCL since it was adopted.
The CAA has drafted amendments to the Air Navigation Order to give full effect to JAR-FCL. These will be submitted to the department shortly and will be accompanied by a Regulatory Impact Assessment which sets out the costs and benefits of the legislative changes to individual pilots. The Regulatory Impact Assessment covers the amendments to the Air Navigation Order and does not extend to the associated technical requirements. The CAA has consulted aviation interests in producing the Regulatory Impact Assessment. I understand that the airline industry has not commented. Some in the general aviation sector have made representations and the CAA has amended the Regulatory Impact Assessment in the light of those representations.
What is their response to criticism this week by General Colin Powell, the former head of the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff, that NATO's current policy towards Yugoslavia hands President Milosevic a veto over the Alliance's action by effectively allowing him, and not NATO, to decide when ground troops can enter Kosovo to oversee the return of Kosovo Albanian refugees.[HL2629]
The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence (Lord Gilbert): President Milosevic has no veto over decisions on NATO's ground deployments. NATO's air campaign is steadily degrading the capability of Serbian military, police and paramilitary forces to conduct ethnic cleansing in Kosovo and is increasing the pressure on President Milosevic to agree to NATO'S conditions for a political settlement. A ground force to assist the safe return of refugees is assembling in Macedonia and plans for a ground deployment are being continuously assessed by NATO. This approach is supported by all members of the Alliance.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: We hope that Members of the Political Section from the Embassy in Ankara or the Consultate-General in Istanbul will be able to attend the trial of Mr. Ocalan.
In response to concerns raised by the German Presidency of the EU on 5 May, the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs regretted the reported mistreatment of Mr. Ocalan's lawyers. They reiterated the commitment of the Turkish authorities to the principle of Mr. Ocalan receiving the best defence possible in an unhindered way.
Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: NATO is united in its demands on President Milosevic to stop repression in Kosovo; withdraw from Kosovo his military, police and paramilitary units; agree to the stationing in Kosovo of an international military presence; agree to the return of all refugees and unhindered access to them by humanitarian aid organisations; and work for the establishment of a political agreement based on the Rambouillet Accords.
A number of proposals have been made for how to achieve these objectives including those formulated jointly by the Greek and Czech Governments. We shall continue to work with Allies and partners to achieve our shared objectives.
Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: Since the beginning of the current conflict in Kosovo, there have been a total of six incidents of missiles falling on Bulgarian territory. NATO has admitted that five of these came from NATO aircraft, in error. The sixth is believed to have been a Yugoslav missile. None of these incidents has caused injuries.