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Baroness Rawlings asked Her Majesty's Government:

Baroness Amos: The United Nations Programme of Action from the Rio Earth Summit in 1992 sets out priorities for fresh water in Agenda 21 Chapter 18. This highlights the extent to which water resources development contributes to economic productivity and social well-being. It recognised the paramount importance of the holistic management of fresh water as

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a finite and vulnerable resource, and the integration of sectoral water plans and programmes within the framework of national economic and social policy. The comprehensive framework emerging from Rio has been further developed through the Sixth Session of the Commission for Sustainable Development in 1998.

The recommendations from these international fora form the basis for the Department for International Development's (DfID) integrated approach, in which water is considered to be a fundamental development issue linking with three DfID objectives (Eliminating World Poverty, Panel 3, Page 24), contributing clearly to:


    Sustainable livelihoods, in particular through water for food production;


    Health, through improved water supply, sanitation and safer hygiene practices;


    The environment, through sustainable management of water resources, use of water for ecosystem sand control of pollution.

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

Lord Alton of Liverpool asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What was the total value of the assistance provided to the United Nations Family Planning Association's programme since 1981.[HL1144]

Baroness Amos: The UK makes an annual core contribution to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) to enable people in poorer countries to have children by choice, and to protect their sexual and reproductive health. A total of £121.7 million has been provided in core grants since 1981, as follows:

DFID Contributions to the UNFPA

Calendar YearContribution
19812,250,000
19822,650,000
19832,700,000
19843,000,000
19854,500,000
19864,500,000
19875,000,000
19885,250,000
19895,500,000
19903,000,000
199110,500,000
19929,423,320
19937,000,000
19948,776,680
199510,000,000
199613,000,000
199711,500,000
199813,119,897
Total 1981-98 (incl.)£121,700,000

This does not include occasional direct support to UNFPA from DFID's bilateral programmes (multi-bilateral assistance), notably to procure contraceptive commodities. This information can only be provided at disproportionate cost.


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Lord Alton of Liverpool asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they have made any decisions on funding the United Nations Family Planning Association in view of the quinquennial review of the International Conference on Population and Development. [HL1146]

Baroness Amos: The quinquennial review is an operational assessment of global progress in implementing the International Conference on Population and Development agreement. The findings of the review will be presented at a Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly from 30 June to 2 July and are expected to highlight the need for more concerted international action to prevent the spread of HIV, reduce maternal mortality and ensure equitable access to sexual and reproductive health services in poorer countries, including contraceptive supplies.

National governments are responsible for taking forward the ICPD agenda, in partnership with bilateral and multilateral agencies, including the World Health Organisation, the UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), and civil society at large. The review will help to inform future operational activities and spending priorities for all these actors.

The UK contribution to UNFPA for 1999-2000 will be announced as usual at the beginning of the financial year. We shall remain among their most significant contributors.

Lord Alton of Liverpool asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What was the International Planned Parenthood Federation's most recent grant to the China Family Planning Association (CFPA); and what is the total assistance provided to date.[HL1145]

Baroness Amos: The International Planned Parenthood Federation's grant to its Chinese affiliate for calendar year 1988 was US$637,800. (This is an actual, not yet audited figure.) Total assistance provided between 1981, when the China Family Planning Association joined the Federation, and 1998 is US$14,185,900.

FPA China Grants 1981-98

Year ActualsTotal Grants $'000
1981125,000
1982196,100
1983288,005
1984722,300
1985794,600
1986720,100
1987806,000
1988920,000
1989928,300
19901,066,800
1991872,400
19921,094,300
19931,256,100
19941,060,900
1995764,900
1996903,900
19971,027,900
1998 Actual Not Audited637,800
Total14,185,900

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Lord Alton of Liverpool asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What was the total value of the United Kingdom's most recent contribution to the United Nations Family Planning Association's programme of assistance in China.[HL1143]

Baroness Amos: The UK makes an annual core contribution to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) to enable people in poorer countries to have children by choice, and to protect their sexual and reproductive health. In 1998, the UK core grant to UNFPA was £13,119,897. This supports activities in over 150 countries, including China. It is not possible to disaggregate a UK share of UNFPA's China programme.

Insulin Pens

Lord Dixon asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Further to the Written Answer by the Baroness Hayman on 8 December 1998 (WA 80) on provision of pen needles on prescription for all insulin-dependent diabetics, when the Secretary of State for Health will make his expected decision.[HL988]

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Baroness Hayman): My honourable friend the Minister of State at the Department of Health announced today that we hope to allow insulin pen needles and reusable insulin injection pens to be prescribed by general practitioners on the National Health Service. This would be contingent upon the addition of pre-filled, disposable, pens to Schedule 10 to the National Health Service (General Medical Services) Regulations 1992 (the "blacklist"), on which we are consulting interested parties. We are placing a copy of my honourable friend's announcement, and of the consultation letter, in the Library.

NHS Charges

Lord Clarke of Hampstead asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What plans they have to increase National Health Service charges.[HL1259]

Baroness Hayman: We shall shortly lay before the House regulations to increase National Health Service Charges in England and Wales from 1 April 1999. There will be a cash increase in the charge of 10p, (1.72 per cent.) from £5.80 to £5.90 for each quantity of a drug

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or appliance dispensed. This means that prescription charges will fall in real terms.

The cost of prescription prepayment certificates will rise to £30.80 for a four-month certificate and £84.60 for an annual certificate. These offer savings for those needing more than five items in four months or 14 in one year.

Prescription charges are expected to raise some £377 million for the NHS in 1999-2000.

Charges for elastic stockings and tights, wigs and most fabric supports supplied through the Hospital Service will be increased similarly.

The maximum patient charge for a single course of dental treatment begun on or after 1 April 1999 will increase from £340 to £348. Only about one in every 1,000 courses of treatment will attract the new maximum charge.

The increases are below the current rate of inflation as measured by the retail prices index for January 1999: 2.4 per cent.

We will also be laying regulations to increase optical voucher values. Increases range from 2.5 per cent. to 18 per cent., with most help targeted towards people with serious sight problems who are prescribed the most complex, expensive glasses.

My right honourable friend the Secretary of State for Scotland will lay regulations to increase charges in Scotland by the same amounts. Similar arrangements will apply in Northern Ireland.

Details of the revised charges have been placed in the Library.

Pupil Numbers in Maintained Schools

Lord Tope asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What is, by local education authority, the estimated number of full-time equivalent pupils in all maintained schools for January 1999.[HL1150]

The Minister of State, Department for Education and Employment (Baroness Blackstone): The latest available information, for January 1998, is shown in the following table.

Full-time equivalent number of pupils in maintained schools(1) England and Each Government Office Region and Local Education Authority area in England

January 1998FTE pupils
England7,501,568
North East420,063
Hartlepool16,356
Middlesbrough24,787
Redcar and Cleveland25,588
Stockton-on-Tees32,130
Darlington15,834
Durham79,211
Northumberland50,840
Gateshead29,786
Newcastle-upon-Tyne40,100
North Tyneside30,868
South Tyneside25,650
Sunderland48,916
North West & Merseyside1,127,743
North West886,555
Cheshire158,901
Cumbria76,689
Bolton45,968
Bury28,999
Manchester69,796
Oldham41,398
Rochdale36,113
Salford36,590
Stockport43,024
Tameside37,575
Trafford35,468
Wigan50,338
Lancashire225,699
Merseyside241,188
Knowsley28,762
Liverpool80,569
St Helens29,697
Sefton47,134
Wirral55,028
Yorkshire and Humber805,264
East Riding of Yorkshire48,235
City of Kingston-Upon-Hull42,320
North East Lincolnshire28,020
North Lincolnshire25,083
York24,147
North Yorkshire85,588
Barnsley33,959
Doncaster50,997
Rotherham44,642
Sheffield73,090
Bradford86,829
Calderdale34,088
Kirklees63,222
Leeds 113,193
Wakefield51,855
East Midlands646,640
Derby36,607
Derbyshire110,329
Leicester City48,290
Rutland4,724
Leicestershire91,662
Lincolnshire95,613
Northamptonshire101,634
Nottinghamshire157,782
West Midlands867,420
Hereford and Worcester103,615
Shropshire64,136
Stoke39,779
Staffordshire131,624
Warwickshire74,991
Birmingham177,290
Coventry50,077
Dudley49,510
Sandwell50,854
Solihull36,086
Walsall48,185
Wolverhampton41,275
Eastern803,656
Luton30,499
Bedfordshire61,516
Cambridgeshire103,836
Essex237,509
Hertfordshire164,727
Norfolk108,773
Suffolk96,797
Greater London1,003,748
Inner London348,004
City of London 201
Camden22,471
Hackney25,346
Hammersmith and Fulham16,254
Haringey31,593
Islington24,065
Kensington and Chelsea10,372
Lambeth26,730
Lewisham33,003
Newham44,076
Southwark32,835
Tower Hamlets36,078
Wandsworth27,624
Westminster17,360
Outer London655,744
Barking and Dagenham27,469
Barnet45,915
Bexley37,846
Brent36,140
Bromley44,073
Croydon46,850
Ealing40,798
Enfield45,349
Greenwich35,393
Harrow28,071
Havering35,792
Hillingdon36,759
Hounslow 34,216
Kingston-upon-Thames19,289
Merton22,830
Redbridge38,792
Richmond-upon-Thames19,287
Sutton27,141
Waltham Forest33,740
South East1,126,344
Berkshire116,332
Milton Keynes33,410
Buckinghamshire72,567
Brighton & Hove28,990
East Sussex63,678
Portsmouth25,901
Southampton30,742
Hampshire173,460
Isle of Wight18,881
Kent246,254
Oxfordshire81,965
Surrey132,262
West Sussex101,905
South West700,691
Bath and NE Somerset24,904
City of Bristol51,067
North Somerset26,960
South Gloucestershire38,581
Cornwall70,895
Isles of Scilly259
Devon152,087
Bournemouth20,751
Poole19,742
Dorset52,547
Gloucestershire83,367
Somerset68,295
Swindon28,943
Wiltshire62,298

(1) Includes maintained nursery, primary, middle, secondary and special schools and Pupil Referral.


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DfEE Grants to LEAs

Baroness Blatch asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What grants have been made, and are planned to be made, by the Department for Education and Employment to each local education authority in England and Wales in addition to revenue support grant in 1997-98, 1998-99 and 1999-2000.[HL1184]

Baroness Blackstone: Details of the grants, in addition to revenue support grant, made by the Department for Education and Employment, to each local education authority in England in 1997-98 and 1998-99 and planned to be made in 1999-2000 are given in tables that have been placed in the Library. The allocation of the grants for New Deal for Schools and the reduction of class sizes for 1999-2000 has not yet been made. For the Standards Fund, the figures shown include the grant made by the department and the contribution made by the local education authority. Grants to local education authorities in Wales are the responsibility of the Welsh Office.



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