Welfare Reform and Pensions Bill - continued        House of Lords
PART V, PENSION SHARING - continued

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Pension credits
Time for discharge of liability.     34. - (1) A person subject to liability in respect of a pension credit shall discharge his liability before the end of the implementation period for the credit.
 
      (2) Where the trustees or managers of an occupational pension scheme have not done what is required to discharge their liability in respect of a pension credit before the end of the implementation period for the credit-
 
 
    (a) they shall, except in such cases as the Secretary of State may prescribe by regulations, notify the Regulatory Authority of that fact within such period as the Secretary of State may so prescribe, and
 
    (b) section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (power of the Regulatory Authority to impose civil penalties) shall apply to any trustee or manager who has failed to take all such steps as are reasonable to ensure that liability in respect of the credit was discharged before the end of the implementation period for it.
      (3) If trustees or managers to whom subsection (2)(a) applies fail to perform the obligation imposed by that provision, section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 shall apply to any trustee or manager who has failed to take all reasonable steps to ensure that the obligation was performed.
 
      (4) On the application of the trustees or managers of an occupational pension scheme who are subject to liability in respect of a pension credit, the Regulatory Authority may extend the implementation period for the credit for the purposes of this section if it is satisfied that the application is made in such circumstances as the Secretary of State may prescribe by regulations.
 
      (5) In this section "the Regulatory Authority" means the Occupational Pensions Regulatory Authority.
 
"Implementation period".     35. - (1) For the purposes of this Chapter, the implementation period for a pension credit is the period of 4 months beginning with the later of-
 
 
    (a) the day on which the relevant order or provision takes effect, and
 
    (b) the first day on which the person responsible for the pension arrangement to which the relevant order or provision relates is in receipt of-
 
      (i) the relevant matrimonial documents, and
 
      (ii) such information relating to the transferor and transferee as the Secretary of State may prescribe by regulations.
      (2) The reference in subsection (1)(b)(i) to the relevant matrimonial documents is to copies of-
 
 
    (a) the relevant order or provision, and
 
    (b) the order, decree or declarator responsible for the divorce or annulment to which it relates,
  and, if the pension credit depends on provision falling within subsection (1)(f) of section 29, to documentary evidence that the agreement containing the provision is one to which subsection (3)(a) of that section applies.
 
      (3) Subsection (1) is subject to any provision made by regulations under section 42(2)(a).
 
      (4) The Secretary of State may by regulations-
 
 
    (a) make provision requiring a person subject to liability in respect of a pension credit to notify the transferor and transferee of the day on which the implementation period for the credit begins;
 
    (b) provide for this section to have effect with modifications where the pension arrangement to which the relevant order or provision relates is being wound up;
 
    (c) provide for this section to have effect with modifications where the pension credit depends on a pension sharing order and the order is the subject of an application for leave to appeal out of time.
      (5) In this section-
 
 
    "relevant order or provision", in relation to a pension credit, means the pension sharing order or provision on which the pension credit depends;
 
    "transferor" means the person to whose rights the relevant order or provision relates;
 
    "transferee" means the person for whose benefit the relevant order or provision is made.
Mode of discharge of liability.     36. - (1) Schedule 5 (which makes provision about how liability in respect of a pension credit may be discharged) shall have effect.
 
      (2) Where the person entitled to a pension credit dies before liability in respect of the credit has been discharged-
 
 
    (a) Schedule 5 shall cease to have effect in relation to the discharge of liability in respect of the credit, and
 
    (b) liability in respect of the credit shall be discharged in accordance with regulations made by the Secretary of State.
 
Treatment of pension credit rights under schemes
Safeguarded rights.     37. After section 68 of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 there shall be inserted-
 
 
"PART IIIA
  SAFEGUARDED RIGHTS
Safeguarded rights.     68A. - (1) Subject to subsection (2), the safeguarded rights of a member of an occupational pension scheme or a personal pension scheme are such of his rights to future benefits under the scheme as are attributable (directly or indirectly) to a pension credit in respect of which the reference rights are, or include, contracted-out rights or safeguarded rights.
 
      (2) If the rules of an occupational pension scheme or a personal pension scheme so provide, a member's safeguarded rights are such of his rights falling within subsection (1) as-
 
 
    (a) in the case of rights directly attributable to a pension credit, represent the safeguarded percentage of the rights acquired by virtue of the credit, and
 
    (b) in the case of rights directly attributable to a transfer payment, represent the safeguarded percentage of the rights acquired by virtue of the payment.
      (3) For the purposes of subsection (2)(a), the safeguarded percentage is the percentage of the rights by reference to which the amount of the credit is determined which are contracted-out rights or safeguarded rights.
 
      (4) For the purposes of subsection (2)(b), the safeguarded percentage is the percentage of the rights in respect of which the transfer payment is made which are contracted-out rights or safeguarded rights.
 
      (5) In this section-
 
 
    "contracted-out rights" means such rights under, or derived from-
 
      (a) an occupational pension scheme contracted-out by virtue of section 9(2) or (3), or
 
      (b) an appropriate personal pension scheme,
 
    as may be prescribed;
 
    "reference rights", in relation to a pension credit, means the rights by reference to which the amount of the credit is determined.
Requirements relating to safeguarded rights.     68B. Regulations may prescribe requirements to be met in relation to safeguarded rights by an occupational pension scheme or a personal pension scheme.
 
Reserve powers in relation to non-complying schemes.     68C. - (1) This section applies to-
 
 
    (a) any occupational pension scheme, other than a public service pension scheme, and
 
    (b) any personal pension scheme.
      (2) If any scheme to which this section applies does not comply with a requirement prescribed under section 68B and there are any persons who-
 
 
    (a) have safeguarded rights under the scheme, or
 
    (b) are entitled to any benefit giving effect to such rights under the scheme,
  the Inland Revenue may direct the trustees or managers of the scheme to take or refrain from taking such steps as they may specify in writing for the purpose of safeguarding the rights of persons falling within paragraph (a) or (b).
 
      (3) A direction under subsection (2) shall be final and binding on the trustees or managers to whom the direction is given and any person claiming under them.
 
      (4) An appeal on a point of law shall lie to the High Court or, in Scotland, the Court of Session from a direction under subsection (2) at the instance of the trustees or managers, or any person claiming under them.
 
      (5) A direction under subsection (2) shall be enforceable-
 
 
    (a) in England and Wales, in a county court, as if it were an order of that court, and
 
    (b) in Scotland, by the sheriff, as if it were an order of the sheriff and whether or not the sheriff could himself have given such an order.
Power to control transfer or discharge of liability.     68D. Regulations may prohibit or restrict the transfer or discharge of any liability under an occupational pension scheme or a personal pension scheme in respect of safeguarded rights except in prescribed circumstances or on prescribed conditions."
 
Requirements relating to pension credit benefit.     38. After section 101 of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 there shall be inserted-
 
 
"PART IVA
  REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO PENSION CREDIT BENEFIT
  CHAPTER I
 
 
Pension credit benefit under occupational schemes
Scope of Chapter I.     101A. - (1) This Chapter applies to any occupational pension scheme whose resources are derived in whole or part from-
 
 
    (a) payments to which subsection (2) applies made or to be made by one or more employers of earners to whom the scheme applies, or
 
    (b) such other payments by the earner or his employer, or both, as may be prescribed for different categories of scheme.
      (2) This subsection applies to payments-
 
 
    (a) under an actual or contingent legal obligation, or
 
    (b) in the exercise of a power conferred, or the discharge of a duty imposed, on a Minister of the Crown, government department or any other person, being a power or duty which extends to the disbursement or allocation of public money.
Interpretation.     101B. In this Chapter-
 
 
    "scheme" means an occupational pension scheme to which this Chapter applies;
 
    "pension credit rights" means rights to future benefits under a scheme which are attributable (directly or indirectly) to a pension credit;
 
    "pension credit benefit", in relation to a scheme, means the benefits payable under the scheme to or in respect of a person by virtue of rights under the scheme attributable (directly or indirectly) to a pension credit;
 
    "normal benefit age", in relation to a scheme, means the earliest age at which a person who has pension credit rights under the scheme is entitled to receive a pension by virtue of those rights (disregarding any scheme rule making special provision as to early payment of pension on grounds of ill-health or otherwise).
Basic principle as to pension credit benefit.     101C. - (1) Normal benefit age under a scheme must be between 60 and 65.
 
      (2) A scheme must not provide for payment of pension credit benefit in the form of a lump sum at any time before normal benefit age, except in such circumstances as may be prescribed.
 
Form of pension credit benefit and its alternatives.     101D. - (1) Subject to subsection (2) and section 101E, a person's pension credit benefit under a scheme must be-
 
 
    (a) payable directly out of the resources of the scheme, or
 
    (b) assured to him by such means as may be prescribed.
      (2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a scheme may, instead of providing a person's pension credit benefit, provide-
 
 
    (a) for his pension credit rights under the scheme to be transferred to another occupational pension scheme or a personal pension scheme with a view to acquiring rights for him under the rules of the scheme, or
 
    (b) for such alternatives to pension credit benefit as may be prescribed.
      (3) The option conferred by subsection (2)(a) is additional to any obligation imposed by Chapter II of this Part.
 
      (4) The alternatives specified in subsection (2)(a) and (b) may only be by way of complete or partial substitute for pension credit benefit-
 
 
    (a) if the person entitled to the benefit consents, or
 
    (b) in such other cases as may be prescribed.
Discharge of liability where pension credit or alternative benefits secured by insurance policies or annuity contracts.     101E. - (1) A transaction to which section 19 applies discharges the trustees or managers of a scheme from their liability to provide pension credit benefit or any alternative to pension credit benefit for or in respect of a member of the scheme if and to the extent that-
 
 
    (a) it results in pension credit benefit, or any alternative to pension credit benefit, for or in respect of the member being appropriately secured (within the meaning of that section),
 
    (b) the transaction is entered into with the consent of the member or, if the member has died, of the member's widow or widower, and
 
    (c) such requirements as may be prescribed are met.
      (2) Regulations may provide that subsection (1)(b) shall not apply in prescribed circumstances.
 
 
  CHAPTER II
  TRANSFER VALUES
Power to give transfer notice.     101F. - (1) An eligible member of a qualifying scheme may by notice in writing require the trustees or managers of the scheme to use an amount equal to the cash equivalent of his pension credit benefit for such one or more of the authorised purposes as he may specify in the notice.
 
      (2) In the case of a member of an occupational pension scheme, the authorised purposes are-
 
 
    (a) to acquire rights allowed under the rules of an occupational pension scheme, or personal pension scheme, which is an eligible scheme;
 
    (b) to purchase from one or more insurance companies such as are mentioned in section 19(4)(a), chosen by the member and willing to accept payment on account of the member from the trustees or managers, one or more annuities which satisfy the prescribed requirements; and
 
    (c) in such circumstances as may be prescribed, to subscribe to other pension arrangements which satisfy prescribed requirements.
      (3) In the case of a member of a personal pension scheme, the authorised purposes are-
 
 
    (a) to acquire rights allowed under the rules of an occupational pension scheme, or personal pension scheme, which is an eligible scheme; and
 
    (b) in such circumstances as may be prescribed, to subscribe to other pension arrangements which satisfy prescribed requirements.
      (4) The cash equivalent for the purposes of subsection (1) shall-
 
 
    (a) in the case of a salary related occupational pension scheme, be taken to be the amount shown in the relevant statement under section 101H, and
 
    (b) in any other case, be determined by reference to the date the notice under that subsection is given.
      (5) The requirements which may be prescribed under subsection (2) or (3) include, in particular, requirements of the Inland Revenue.
 
      (6) In subsections (2) and (3), references to an eligible scheme are to a scheme-
 
 
    (a) the trustees or managers of which are able and willing to accept payment in respect of the member's pension credit rights, and
 
    (b) which satisfies the prescribed requirements.
      (7) In this Chapter, "transfer notice" means a notice under subsection (1).
 
Restrictions on power to give transfer notice.     101G. - (1) In the case of a salary related occupational pension scheme, the power to give a transfer notice may only be exercised if-
 
 
    (a) the member has been provided with a statement under section 101H, and
 
    (b) not more than 3 months have passed since the date by reference to which the amount shown in the statement is determined.
      (2) The power to give a transfer notice may not be exercised in the case of an occupational pension scheme if-
 
 
    (a) there is less than a year to go until the member reaches normal benefit age, or
 
    (b) the pension to which the member is entitled by virtue of his pension credit rights, or benefit in lieu of that pension, or any part of it has become payable.
      (3) Where an eligible member of a qualifying scheme-
 
 
    (a) is entitled to make an application under section 95 to the trustees or managers of the scheme, or
 
    (b) would be entitled to do so, but for the fact that he has not received a statement under section 93A in respect of which the guarantee date is sufficiently recent,
  he may not, if the scheme so provides, exercise the power to give them a transfer notice unless he also makes an application to them under section 95.
 
      (4) The power to give a transfer notice may not be exercised if a previous transfer notice given by the member to the trustees or managers of the scheme is outstanding.
 
Salary related schemes: statements of entitlement.     101H. - (1) The trustees or managers of a qualifying scheme which is a salary related occupational pension scheme shall, on the application of an eligible member, provide him with a written statement of the amount of the cash equivalent of his pension credit benefit under the scheme.
 
      (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the amount of the cash equivalent shall be determined by reference to a date falling within-
 
 
    (a) the prescribed period beginning with the date of the application, and
 
    (b) the prescribed period ending with the date on which the statement under that subsection is provided to the applicant.
      (3) Regulations may make provision in relation to applications under subsection (1) and may, in particular, restrict the making of successive applications.
 
      (4) If trustees or managers to whom subsection (1) applies fail to perform an obligation under that subsection, section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (power of the Regulatory Authority to impose civil penalties) shall apply to any trustee or manager who has failed to take all such steps as are reasonable to secure that the obligation was performed.
 
Calculation of cash equivalents.     101I. Cash equivalents for the purposes of this Chapter shall be calculated and verified in the prescribed manner.
 
Time for compliance with transfer notice.     101J. - (1) Trustees or managers of a qualifying scheme who receive a transfer notice shall comply with the notice-
 
 
    (a) in the case of an occupational pension scheme, within 6 months of the valuation date or, if earlier, by the date on which the member to whom the notice relates reaches normal benefit age, and
 
    (b) in the case of a personal pension scheme, within 6 months of the date on which they receive the notice.
      (2) The Regulatory Authority may, in prescribed circumstances, extend the period for complying with the notice.
 
      (3) If the Regulatory Authority are satisfied-
 
 
    (a) that there has been a relevant change of circumstances since they granted an extension under subsection (2), or
 
    (b) that they granted an extension under that subsection in ignorance of a material fact or on the basis of a mistake as to a material fact,
  they may revoke or reduce the extension.
 
      (4) Where the trustees or managers of an occupational pension scheme have failed to comply with a transfer notice before the end of the period for compliance-
 
 
    (a) they shall, except in prescribed cases, notify the Regulatory Authority of that fact within the prescribed period, and
 
    (b) section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (power of the Regulatory Authority to impose civil penalties) shall apply to any trustee or manager who has failed to take all such steps as are reasonable to ensure that the notice was complied with before the end of the period for compliance.
      (5) If trustees or managers to whom subsection (4)(a) applies fail to perform the obligation imposed by that provision, section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 shall apply to any trustee or manager who has failed to take all such steps as are reasonable to ensure that the obligation was performed.
 
      (6) Regulations may-
 
 
    (a) make provision in relation to applications under subsection (2), and
 
    (b) provide that subsection (4) shall not apply in prescribed circumstances.
      (7) In this section, "valuation date", in relation to a transfer notice given to the trustees or managers of an occupational pension scheme, means-
 
 
    (a) in the case of a salary related scheme, the date by reference to which the amount shown in the relevant statement under section 101H is determined, and
 
    (b) in the case of any other scheme, the date the notice is given.
Withdrawal of transfer notice.     101K. - (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a person who has given a transfer notice may withdraw it by giving the trustees or managers to whom it was given notice in writing that he no longer requires them to comply with it.
 
      (2) A transfer notice may not be withdrawn if the trustees or managers have already entered into an agreement with a third party to use the whole or part of the amount they are required to use in accordance with the notice.
 
      (3) If the giving of a transfer notice depended on the making of an application under section 95, the notice may only be withdrawn if the application is also withdrawn.
 
Variation of the amount required to be used.     101L. - (1) Regulations may make provision for the amount required to be used under section 101F(1) to be increased or reduced in prescribed circumstances.
 
      (2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the circumstances which may be prescribed include-
 
 
    (a) failure by the trustees or managers of a qualifying scheme to comply with a notice under section 101F(1) within 6 months of the date by reference to which the amount of the cash equivalent falls to be determined, and
 
    (b) the state of funding of a qualifying scheme.
      (3) Regulations under subsection (1) may have the effect of extinguishing an obligation under section 101F(1).
 
Effect of transfer on trustees' duties.     101M. Compliance with a transfer notice shall have effect to discharge the trustees or managers of a qualifying scheme from any obligation to provide the pension credit benefit of the eligible member who gave the notice.
 
Matters to be disregarded in calculations.     101N. In making any calculation for the purposes of this Chapter-
 
 
    (a) any charge or lien on, and
 
    (b) any set-off against,
  the whole or part of a pension shall be disregarded.
 
Service of notices.     101O. A notice under section 101F(1) or 101K(1) shall be taken to have been given if it is delivered to the trustees or managers personally or sent by post in a registered letter or by recorded delivery service.
 
Interpretation of Chapter II.     101P. - (1) In this Chapter-
 
 
    "eligible member", in relation to a qualifying scheme, means a member who has pension credit rights under the scheme;
 
    "normal benefit age", in relation to an eligible member of a qualifying scheme, means the earliest age at which the member is entitled to receive a pension by virtue of his pension credit rights under the scheme (disregarding any scheme rule making special provision as to early payment of pension on grounds of ill-health or otherwise);
 
    "pension credit benefit", in relation to an eligible member of a qualifying scheme, means the benefits payable under the scheme to or in respect of the member by virtue of rights under the scheme attributable (directly or indirectly) to a pension credit;
 
    "pension credit rights", in relation to a qualifying scheme, means rights to future benefits under the scheme which are attributable (directly or indirectly) to a pension credit;
 
    "qualifying scheme" means a funded occupational pension scheme and a personal pension scheme;
 
    "transfer notice" has the meaning given by section 101F(7).
      (2) For the purposes of this Chapter, an occupational pension scheme is salary related if-
 
 
    (a) it is not a money purchase scheme, and
 
    (b) it does not fall within a prescribed class.
      (3) In this Chapter, references to the relevant statement under section 101H, in relation to a transfer notice given to the trustees or managers of a salary related occupational pension scheme, are to the statement under that section on which the giving of the notice depended.
 
      (4) For the purposes of this section, an occupational pension scheme is funded if it meets its liabilities out of a fund accumulated for the purpose during the life of the scheme.
 
Power to modify Chapter II in relation to hybrid schemes.     101Q. Regulations may apply this Chapter with prescribed modifications to occupational pension schemes-
 
 
    (a) which are not money purchase schemes, but
 
    (b) where some of the benefits that may be provided are money purchase benefits."
Treatment in winding up.     39. - (1) In section 73 of the Pensions Act 1995 (treatment of rights on winding up of an occupational pension scheme to which section 56 of that Act (minimum funding requirement) applies), in subsection (3) (classification of liabilities), in paragraph (c) (accrued rights), at the end of sub-paragraph (i) there shall be inserted-
 
 
      "(ia) future pensions, or other future benefits, attributable (directly or indirectly) to pension credits (but excluding increases to pensions),".
      (2) In the case of an occupational pension scheme which is not a scheme to which section 56 of the Pensions Act 1995 applies, rights attributable (directly or indirectly) to a pension credit are to be accorded in a winding up the same treatment-
 
 
    (a) if they have come into payment, as the rights of a pensioner member, and
 
    (b) if they have not come into payment, as the rights of a deferred member.
      (3) Subsection (2) overrides the provisions of a scheme to the extent that it conflicts with them, and the scheme has effect with such modifications as may be required in consequence.
 
      (4) In subsection (2)-
 
 
    (a) "deferred member" and "pensioner member" have the same meanings as in Part I of the Pensions Act 1995,
 
    (b) "pension credit" includes a credit under Northern Ireland legislation corresponding to section 30(1)(b), and
 
    (c) references to rights attributable to a pension credit having come into payment are to the person to whom the rights belong having become entitled by virtue of the rights to the present payment of pension or other benefits.
 
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