Employment Relations Bill - continued        House of Lords
SCHEDULE A1, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING: RECOGNITION - continued
PART III, CHANGES AFFECTING BARGAINING UNIT - continued
Employer believes unit has ceased to exist - continued

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     79. - (1) This paragraph applies if-
 
 
    (a) the CAC gives notice under paragraph 77(4), and
 
    (b) the parties do not inform the CAC before the end of the first period that they have agreed a bargaining unit or units differing from the original unit.
      (2) During the second period the CAC-
 
 
    (a) must decide what other bargaining unit is or units are appropriate;
 
    (b) must give notice of its decision to the parties.
      (3) In deciding what other bargaining unit is or units are appropriate, the CAC must take these matters into account-
 
 
    (a) the need for the unit or units to be compatible with effective management;
 
    (b) the matters listed in sub-paragraph (4), so far as they do not conflict with that need.
      (4) The matters are-
 
 
    (a) the views of the employer and of the union (or unions);
 
    (b) existing national and local bargaining arrangements;
 
    (c) the desirability of avoiding small fragmented bargaining units within an undertaking;
 
    (d) the characteristics of workers falling within the original unit and of any other employees of the employer whom the CAC considers relevant;
 
    (e) the location of workers.
      (5) If the CAC decides that two or more bargaining units are appropriate its decision must be such that no worker falls within more than one of them.
 
      (6) The second period is-
 
 
    (a) the period of 10 working days starting with the day after that on which the first period ends, or
 
    (b) such longer period (so starting) as the CAC may specify to the parties by notice containing reasons for the extension.
     80. Paragraph 82 applies if the CAC gives notice under paragraph 79 of a decision as to the bargaining unit which is (or units which are) appropriate.
 
     81. - (1) This paragraph applies if-
 
 
    (a) the parties agree under paragraph 78 a bargaining unit or units differing from the original unit,
 
    (b) paragraph 78(2) does not apply, and
 
    (c) at least one worker falling within the original unit does not fall within the new unit (or any of the new units).
      (2) In such a case -
 
 
    (a) the CAC must issue a declaration that the bargaining arrangements, so far as relating to the worker or workers mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(c), are to cease to have effect on a date specified by the CAC in the declaration, and
 
    (b) the bargaining arrangements shall cease to have effect accordingly.
 
Position where CAC decides new unit
     82. - (1) This paragraph applies if the CAC gives notice under paragraph 70 of-
 
 
    (a) a decision that the original unit is no longer an appropriate bargaining unit, and
 
    (b) a decision as to the bargaining unit which is (or units which are) appropriate.
      (2) This paragraph also applies if the CAC gives notice under paragraph 79 of a decision as to the bargaining unit which is (or units which are) appropriate.
 
      (3) The CAC-
 
 
    (a) must proceed as stated in paragraphs 83 to 89 with regard to the appropriate unit (if there is one only), or
 
    (b) must proceed as stated in paragraphs 83 to 89 with regard to each appropriate unit separately (if there are two or more).
      (4) References in those paragraphs to the new unit are to the appropriate unit under consideration.
 
     83. - (1) This paragraph applies if in the CAC's opinion the new unit contains at least one worker falling within a statutory outside bargaining unit.
 
      (2) In such a case-
 
 
    (a) the CAC must issue a declaration that the relevant bargaining arrangements, so far as relating to workers falling within the new unit, are to cease to have effect on a date specified by the CAC in the declaration, and
 
    (b) the relevant bargaining arrangements shall cease to have effect accordingly.
      (3) The relevant bargaining arrangements are-
 
 
    (a) the bargaining arrangements relating to the original unit, and
 
    (b) the bargaining arrangements relating to each statutory outside bargaining unit containing workers who fall within the new unit.
      (4) The bargaining arrangements relating to the original unit are the bargaining arrangements as defined in paragraph 64.
 
      (5) The bargaining arrangements relating to an outside unit are-
 
 
    (a) the declaration recognising a union (or unions) as entitled to conduct collective bargaining on behalf of the workers constituting the outside unit, and
 
    (b) the provisions relating to the collective bargaining method.
      (6) For this purpose the provisions relating to the collective bargaining method are-
 
 
    (a) any agreement by the employer and the union (or unions) as to the method by which collective bargaining is to be conducted with regard to the outside unit,
 
    (b) anything effective as, or as if contained in, a legally enforceable contract and relating to the method by which collective bargaining is to be conducted with regard to the outside unit, or
 
    (c) any provision of this Part of this Schedule that a method of collective bargaining is to have effect with regard to the outside unit.
      (7) A statutory outside bargaining unit is a bargaining unit which fulfils these conditions-
 
 
    (a) it is not the original unit;
 
    (b) a union is (or unions are) recognised as entitled to conduct collective bargaining on its behalf by virtue of a declaration of the CAC;
 
    (c) the union (or at least one of the unions) is not a party referred to in paragraph 64 or 47.
      (8) The date specified under sub-paragraph (1)(a) must be-
 
 
    (a) the date on which the relevant period expires, or
 
    (b) if the CAC believes that to maintain the relevant bargaining arrangements would be impracticable or contrary to the interests of good industrial relations, the date after the date on which the declaration is issued;
  and the relevant period is the period of 65 working days starting with the day after that on which the declaration is issued.
 
     84. - (1) This paragraph applies if in the CAC's opinion the new unit contains-
 
 
    (a) at least one worker falling within a voluntary outside bargaining unit, but
 
    (b) no worker falling within a statutory outside bargaining unit.
      (2) In such a case-
 
 
    (a) the CAC must issue a declaration that the original bargaining arrangements, so far as relating to workers falling within the new unit, are to cease to have effect on a date specified by the CAC in the declaration, and
 
    (b) the original bargaining arrangements shall cease to have effect accordingly.
      (3) The original bargaining arrangements are the bargaining arrangements as defined in paragraph 64.
 
      (4) A voluntary outside bargaining unit is a bargaining unit which fulfils these conditions-
 
 
    (a) it is not the original unit;
 
    (b) a union is (or unions are) recognised as entitled to conduct collective bargaining on its behalf by virtue of an agreement with the employer;
 
    (c) the union (or at least one of the unions) is not a party referred to in paragraph 64.
      (5) The date specified under sub-paragraph (2)(a) must be-
 
 
    (a) the date on which the relevant period expires, or
 
    (b) if the CAC believes that to maintain the original bargaining arrangements would be impracticable or contrary to the interests of good industrial relations, the date after the date on which the declaration is issued;
  and the relevant period is the period of 65 working days starting with the day after that on which the declaration is issued.
 
     85. - (1) If the CAC's opinion is not that mentioned in paragraph 83(1) or 84(1) it must-
 
 
    (a) decide whether the difference between the original unit and the new unit is such that the support of the union (or unions) within the new unit needs to be assessed, and
 
    (b) inform the parties of its decision.
      (2) If the CAC's decision is that such support does not need to be assessed-
 
 
    (a) the CAC must issue a declaration that the union is (or unions are) recognised as entitled to conduct collective bargaining on behalf of the new unit;
 
    (b) so far as it affects workers in the new unit who fall within the original unit, the declaration shall have effect in place of any declaration or agreement that the union is (or unions are) recognised as entitled to conduct collective bargaining on behalf of the original unit;
 
    (c) the method of collective bargaining relating to the original unit shall have effect in relation to the new unit, with any modifications which the CAC considers necessary to take account of the change of bargaining unit and specifies in the declaration.
     86. - (1) This paragraph applies if the CAC decides under paragraph 85(1) that the support of the union (or unions) within the new unit needs to be assessed.
 
      (2) The CAC must decide these questions-
 
 
    (a) whether members of the union (or unions) constitute at least 10 per cent of the workers constituting the new unit;
 
    (b) whether a majority of the workers constituting the new unit would be likely to favour recognition of the union (or unions) as entitled to conduct collective bargaining on behalf of the new unit.
      (3) If the CAC decides one or both of the questions in the negative-
 
 
    (a) the CAC must issue a declaration that the bargaining arrangements, so far as relating to workers falling within the new unit, are to cease to have effect on a date specified by the CAC in the declaration, and
 
    (b) the bargaining arrangements shall cease to have effect accordingly.
     87. - (1) This paragraph applies if-
 
 
    (a) the CAC decides both the questions in paragraph 86(2) in the affirmative, and
 
    (b) the CAC is satisfied that a majority of the workers constituting the new unit are members of the union (or unions).
      (2) The CAC must issue a declaration that the union is (or unions are) recognised as entitled to conduct collective bargaining on behalf of the workers constituting the new unit.
 
      (3) But if any of the three qualifying conditions is fulfilled, instead of issuing a declaration under sub-paragraph (2) the CAC must give notice to the parties that it intends to arrange for the holding of a secret ballot in which the workers constituting the new unit are asked whether they want the union (or unions) to conduct collective bargaining on their behalf.
 
      (4) These are the three qualifying conditions-
 
 
    (a) the CAC is satisfied that a ballot should be held in the interests of good industrial relations;
 
    (b) a significant number of the union members within the new unit inform the CAC that they do not want the union (or unions) to conduct collective bargaining on their behalf;
 
    (c) membership evidence is produced which leads the CAC to conclude that there are doubts whether a significant number of the union members within the new unit want the union (or unions) to conduct collective bargaining on their behalf.
      (5) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (4)(c) membership evidence is-
 
 
    (a) evidence about the circumstances in which union members became members;
 
    (b) evidence about the length of time for which union members have been members, in a case where the CAC is satisfied that such evidence should be taken into account.
      (6) If the CAC issues a declaration under sub-paragraph (2)-
 
 
    (a) so far as it affects workers in the new unit who fall within the original unit, the declaration shall have effect in place of any declaration or agreement that the union is (or unions are) recognised as entitled to conduct collective bargaining on behalf of the original unit;
 
    (b) the method of collective bargaining relating to the original unit shall have effect in relation to the new unit, with any modifications which the CAC considers necessary to take account of the change of bargaining unit and specifies in the declaration.
     88. - (1) This paragraph applies if-
 
 
    (a) the CAC decides both the questions in paragraph 86(2) in the affirmative, and
 
    (b) the CAC is not satisfied that a majority of the workers constituting the new unit are members of the union (or unions).
      (2) The CAC must give notice to the parties that it intends to arrange for the holding of a secret ballot in which the workers constituting the new unit are asked whether they want the union (or unions) to conduct collective bargaining on their behalf.
 
 
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Prepared 9 July 1999