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Greater London Authority Bill
 
 

 
 
A

B I L L

TO

Establish and make provision about the Greater London Authority, the Mayor of London and the London Assembly; to make provision in relation to London borough councils and the Common Council of the City of London with respect to matters consequential on the establishment of the Greater London Authority; to make provision with respect to the functions of other local authorities and statutory bodies exercising functions in Greater London; to make provision about transport and road traffic in and around Greater London; to make provision about policing in Greater London and to make an adjustment of the metropolitan police district; and for connected purposes.

BE IT ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:-
 

  PART I
  THE GREATER LONDON AUTHORITY
 
The Authority
The Authority.     1. - (1) There shall be an authority for Greater London, to be known as the Greater London Authority.
 
      (2) The Authority shall be a body corporate.
 
      (3) The Authority shall have the functions which are transferred to, or conferred or imposed on, the Authority by or under this Act or any other Act.
 
 
Membership
Membership of the Authority and the Assembly.     2. - (1) The Authority shall consist of-
 
 
    (a) the Mayor of London; and
 
    (b) an Assembly for London, to be known as the London Assembly.
      (2) The Assembly shall consist of twenty five members, of whom-
 
 
    (a) fourteen shall be members for Assembly constituencies ("constituency members"); and
 
    (b) eleven shall be members for the whole of Greater London ("London members").
      (3) There shall be one constituency member for each Assembly constituency.
 
      (4) The Assembly constituencies shall be the areas, and shall be known by the names, specified in an order made by the Secretary of State.
 
      (5) Schedule 1 to this Act (which makes further provision about Assembly constituencies and orders under subsection (4) above) shall have effect.
 
      (6) The Mayor and the Assembly members shall be returned in accordance with the provision made in or by virtue of this Act for-
 
 
    (a) the holding of ordinary elections of the Mayor, the constituency members and the London members; and
 
    (b) the filling of vacancies in the office of Mayor or among the constituency members or the London members.
      (7) An ordinary election involves the holding of-
 
 
    (a) an election for the return of the Mayor;
 
    (b) an election for the return of the London members; and
 
    (c) elections for the return of the constituency members.
      (8) The term of office of the Mayor and Assembly members returned at an ordinary election shall-
 
 
    (a) begin on the second day after the day on which the last of the successful candidates at the ordinary election is declared to be returned; and
 
    (b) end on the second day after the day on which the last of the successful candidates at the next ordinary election is declared to be returned;
  but this subsection is subject to the other provisions of this Act and, in particular, to any provision made by order by virtue of subsection (4) of section 3 below.
 
      (9) If at any ordinary election the poll at the election of an Assembly member for an Assembly constituency is countermanded or abandoned for any reason, the day on which the last of the successful candidates at the ordinary election is declared to be returned shall be determined for the purposes of subsection (8) above without regard to the return of the Assembly member for that Assembly constituency.
 
      (10) The validity of proceedings of the Assembly is not affected by any vacancy in its membership.
 
      (11) The validity of anything done by the Authority is not affected by any vacancy in the office of Mayor or any vacancy in the membership of the Assembly.
 
 
Ordinary elections
Time of ordinary elections.     3. - (1) The poll at the first ordinary election shall be held on 4th May 2000 or such later date as the Secretary of State may by order provide.
 
      (2) The poll at each subsequent ordinary election shall be held on the first Thursday in May in the fourth calendar year following that in which the previous ordinary election was held.
 
      (3) Subsection (2) above is subject to any order made by virtue of section 37(2) of the Representation of the People Act 1983 (power by order to fix a day other than the first Thursday in May).
 
      (4) As respects the first ordinary election, the Secretary of State may by order make provision-
 
 
    (a) modifying section 2(8) above in relation to the Mayor and Assembly members returned at that election;
 
    (b) for the returning officer at the election of the Mayor and the election of the London members to be a person, or a person of a description, designated in the order (instead of the person specified in section 35(2C) of the Representation of the People Act 1983);
 
    (c) for and in connection with modifying the entitlement to vote or the registration of electors, or with respect to the registers (or parts of registers) of electors to be used.
Voting at ordinary elections.     4. - (1) Each person entitled to vote as an elector at an ordinary election shall have the following votes-
 
 
    (a) one vote (referred to in this Part as a mayoral vote) which may be given for a candidate to be the Mayor;
 
    (b) one vote (referred to in this Part as a constituency vote) which may be given for a candidate to be the Assembly member for the Assembly constituency; and
 
    (c) one vote (referred to in this Part as a London vote) which may be given in accordance with subsection (5) below.
      (2) The Mayor shall be returned under the simple majority system, unless there are three or more candidates.
 
      (3) If there are three or more candidates to be the Mayor-
 
 
    (a) the Mayor shall be returned under the supplementary vote system in accordance with Part I of Schedule 2 to this Act; and
 
    (b) a voter's mayoral vote shall accordingly be a supplementary vote, that is to say, a vote capable of being given to indicate the voter's first and second preferences from among the candidates.
      (4) The Assembly member for an Assembly constituency shall be returned under the simple majority system.
 
      (5) A London vote may be given for-
 
 
    (a) a registered political party which has submitted a list of candidates to be London members; or
 
    (b) an individual who is a candidate to be a London member.
      (6) The London members shall be returned in accordance with Part II of Schedule 2 to this Act.
 
      (7) The persons who are to be returned as-
 
 
    (a) the Mayor, and
 
    (b) the constituency members,
  must be determined before it is determined who are to be returned as the London members.
 
      (8) But if the poll at the election of an Assembly member for an Assembly constituency is countermanded or abandoned for any reason, the persons who are to be returned as the London members shall be determined without regard to the determination of the Assembly member for that Assembly constituency.
 
      (9) At an ordinary election, a person may not be a candidate to be the Assembly member for more than one Assembly constituency.
 
      (10) If the person who is returned as the Mayor is also returned as an Assembly member for an Assembly constituency, a vacancy shall arise in the Assembly constituency.
 
      (11) In this Part "registered political party" means a party registered under the Registration of Political Parties Act 1998.
 
 
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