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House of Lords
Session 1997-98
Publications on the internet
European Communities Committee Publications

European Communities - Thirty-Third Report

Here you can browse the report which was ordered by the House of Lords to be printed 17 November 1998.


CONTENTS
PART 1 INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
Introduction
The European Union, the New Independent States and the Environment
The emergence of the New Independent States
The New Independent States' environment
Milestones in the evolution of European environmental policy
The European environmental agenda and the former Eastern Bloc
Responsibilities within the European Commission
The Tacis Programme
Origins and aims of the programme
The Programme Beneficiaries
Priorities
Partnership and Co­operation Agreements (PCA)
Regional and National Tacis Programmes and Projects
Funding
Tacis and the Environment
National Environmental Action Plans
Environment as a priority
National environmental policies of the Russian Federation
National environmental policies of Ukraine
Tacis Small Project Programmes
Tacis Tempus
Tacis Lien
Tacis City-Twinning
Bistro
The Phare and Tacis Democracy Programme
Other bilateral assistance programmes
Tacis: Organisation and Procedures
Organisational considerations
New Joint Service for management of Community assistance to third countries
Relationship between the Commission, the Council and the European Parliament
The Tacis Management Committee
Organisation within DG 1A
Tacis organisation in the field
The Role of Other International Organisations
The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
Organisation for Economic Co­operation and Development (OECD)
The World Bank
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
The European Investment Bank (EIB)
The United Kingdom Know How Fund
The Know How Fund generally
The Environmental Know How Fund
Other organisations involved in various forms of environmental Technical Assistance to the NIS
The European Environment Agency (EEA)
The Environment Agency (England and Wales)
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF-International)
The Field Studies Council
          
PART 2 VIEWS OF WITNESSES AND OTHER COMMENTATORS
Reports consulted by the Sub-Committee
Environmental Priorities in the NIS and the Role of Tacis
The profile of the environment in the NIS
Cultural factors
Secrecy and lack of transparency
Tacis priorities in the environmental field
The new emphasis on partnership
Meeting demand
"People to People"
Making the most of local expertise
Disparities in fee levels
Non-governmental organisations
Specific Tacis Programmes and Activities
Inter-State, Cross-Border and National Tacis programmes
Tacis Tempus
Other Tacis programmes
The United Kingdom Know How Fund
International Financial Institutions
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank
Co­ordination between Tacis programmes and other forms of Official Development Assistance
The Community Institutions and Tacis: Strategic Issues
The Council of Ministers
Current views in the Commission
The new Common Service Directorate for the management of external assistance
Relations between DG XI and DG 1A
The European Environment Agency
Management of the Tacis Programme: Organisation and Procedures
Transparency, Staffing and tendering procedures
Use of consultants
Financial allocations for purchase of equipment for Tacis projects
Project management, monitoring and evaluation
Follow-on
          
PART 3 OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE
Some General Observations
Specific Aspects of Tacis
The profile of the environment in the NIS
The question of culture
Co­ordination of technical assistance programmes
Transparency, accessibility and user-friendliness
"People to People"
Support for non-governmental organisations and the value of small projects
Making better use of NIS expertise
The role of consultants
Adaptability to changing needs
Understanding one's partners
Tacis management style and structure
Staff resources in the Commission
Financial allocations for purchase of equipment
Database of projects funded by Tacis and other donors
Monitoring and evaluation of Tacis programmes and projects
Follow-on
The new Tacis Regulation
Recommendation to the House

Appendix 1—Membership of Sub-Committee C

Appendix 2—List of witnesses

Appendix 3—Invitation for evidence, May 1998

Appendix 4—Text of an internal Commission memorandum of October 1997 on the Common Services Directorate

Appendix 5—List of Recommendations

MINUTES OF EVIDENCE

WRITTEN EVIDENCE SUBMITTED TO THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COMMITTEE (SUB-COMMITTEE C)


 
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