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The Government regard the intentional cloning of human individuals as ethically unacceptable. It is effectively banned in the UK under the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act (1990). The Human Genetics Advisory Commission (HGAC) and the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) recently undertook a consultation exercise on human cloning. A report is expected later in the year.
Lord Simon of Highbury: Our energy policy objective is to ensure secure, diverse and sustainable supplies of energy at competitive prices. That will involve achieving the right balance between different aspects of that policy.
Lord Simon of Highbury: The final results of the Review of Energy Sources for Power Generation which has been out for consultation may be published during the Recess. The President of the Board of Trade made
The Minister of State, Department of Trade and Industry (Lord Clinton-Davis): The member states making the joint statement with the UK were Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands and Sweden.
If voting is by qualified majority, the voting weights are as follows: Austria--4; Denmark--3; Finland--3; Germany--10; Ireland--3; the Netherlands--5; Sweden--4 and the UK--10. However, voting on a Commission proposal for a regulation imposing definitive duties is by simple majority, with each member state having one vote.
The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence (Lord Gilbert): The level of uptake of immunisation against anthrax appears to vary considerably depending on unit location. For example, the latest figures show that
Lord Gilbert: The United States Government held working level discussions on Presidential Decision Directive 62 and 63 with United Kingdom government officials in Washington on 12 June 1998. It is expected that the US Government will hold similar discussions with other NATO members.
One important aim of the revision of NATO's Strategic Concept is to ensure that it is appropriate to NATO's new security challenges, many of which are being addressed by Allies nationally, including the US. The revision of NATO's Strategic Concept is being discussed by all Allies and the results will be presented to NATO Heads of State and Government when they meet next year. Decisions will be taken on the basis of consensus among current Allies.
Lord Gilbert: Coalition aircraft police the northern and southern No Fly Zones in support of Security Council Resolution 688, which calls on Iraq to end the repression of the Iraqi population. Iraq is well aware that it must not interfere with operations in the No Fly Zones. The coalition has the right to act in self-defence when the safety of pilots and aircraft is threatened.
Lord Gilbert: No unmanned combat air vehicles are known to exist at present, and we are not aware either of any conventions which would apply specifically to them, or of any requirement at present to categorise them for the purposes of air traffic control.
Lord Gilbert: The Strategic Defence Review concluded with the publication of a White Paper (Cm 3999) on 8 July. The other review the Ministry of Defence has been undertaking is into arrangements for compensating service personnel, or their dependants, for illness, injury and death, and this review is still in progress. No decision has yet been taken on the timing of the publication of the outcome.
Lord Gilbert: Defence Diplomacy is designed to help to dispel hostility, build and maintain trust, and prevent conflict. The nature and complexity of Defence Diplomacy means that this aim can be met only by integrating defence activities very closely with those of other government departments, particularly the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Department for International Development. These departments have been involved in developing the concept from the outset, and this will continue.
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