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Reserve Forces: Ethnic Monitoring

Lord Bassam of Brighton asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Gilbert: The Ministry of Defence is fully committed to promoting within the Armed Forces an environment which is free from harassment and racial discrimination. As part of our efforts to further that commitment, we have decided to begin monitoring the ethnic origin of members of the reserve forces. Monitoring began on 1 April and will cover all those who are in service and all those who join the reserve forces in future. Altogether, we expect around 68,000 members of the reserve forces to be included in the survey. The services are writing to units and individuals to invite them to take a full part in it.

The initiative we are taking underlines the commitment that the Armed Forces have made to ensure that every serviceman and woman enjoys equal opportunities irrespective of their race. The methodology we shall follow for monitoring the reserves is based closely on that which is already in use for the regular Armed Forces. The statistical information derived from monitoring will allow the reserve force managers to analyses recruitment, retention and promotion and other trends; and it will enable them to develop and pursue policies which ensure that racial discrimination of any kind is eradicated from the reserves.

The reserve forces involved are principally those which recruit directly from civilian life. Specifically they are the Royal Naval Reserve; the Royal Marines Reserve; the Territorial Army; the Royal Auxiliary Air Force; the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve Training; the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve University Air Squadron; and volunteers to the Royal Air Force Reserve.

Because our reserves are recruited locally, and because many of them serve part-time, we do not expect the first statistics from the survey to be available until towards the end of this year. Thereafter the information will be available quarterly.

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Turkish Chief of Staff: Visit to UK

Lord Avebury asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What matters were discussed, and with whom, during the visit to the United Kingdom of General Ismail Hakki Karadayi, the Turkish Chief of Staff.[HL1267]

Lord Gilbert: General Ismail Hakki Karadayi visited the United Kingdom between 22 and 25 March. During his visit he had meetings with the Secretary of State for Defence, the Chief of Defence Staff, the Vice-Chief of Defence Staff, the Chief of the General Staff and the Chief of the Air Staff. A wide range of issues of mutual interest were discussed.

Defence: Collaboration with Other Countries

Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:

    How much of the United Kingdom's defence effort, in terms of (a) money and (b) man-hours, is devoted to collaboration with Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States, and how much to collaboration with the United Kingdom's European allies in NATO and in WEU; what degree of harmonisation between NATO and Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States has been reached; and what is the purpose of this harmonisation.[HL1208]

Lord Gilbert: Information on the proportions of the UK's defence effort, in both financial and manpower terms, that is devoted to collaboration with particular nations or international organisations is not held centrally and could only be provided at disproportionate cost. The UK, the USA and Canada are NATO members; there is no formal relationship between NATO and Australia and New Zealand.

Scottish Schools: Testing and Standards

Baroness Blatch asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they will publish data for Scotland showing for state schools, independent schools and all schools taken together the number and percentage of all pupils in P4, P7 and S2 in each of the years 1994 to 1997 taking and passing National Curriculum tests at levels A, B, C, D and E in the following subjects: mathematics, English and science, showing data separately for boys, girls and all pupils and including, for each category of school, the total number of schools and the number of pupils in P4, P7 and S2.[HL1227]

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Scottish Office (Lord Sewel): In Scotland the 5-14 curriculum including national testing, is non-statutory and national tests are carried out at five levels of attainment (A to E) for pupils between those ages in mathematics, reading and writing. There is

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currently no national testing in science. A pupil takes a test when his/her teacher deems this appropriate in order to confirm the teacher's judgment that the pupil has largely completed work at that level. Most pupils are expected to move on from one level to the next at roughly two-year intervals. The results of testing between 1994 and 1997 are not centrally available.

As part of the initiative to raise standards in Scottish schools, the Government will seek in June 1998 the following information from each publicly funded primary and secondary school in Scotland: the number of pupils in P3, P5, P6 and P7 (Primary) and in S2 (Secondary); the number of pupils at each of these stages who have achieved each of the five levels in national tests by June 1998 for each of reading, writing and mathematics.

As to publication of data in future, we are committed to making more information on performance available to parents and schools. The Ministerial Action Group on Standards in Scottish Schools has been asked to look at how the present published information can be improved, taking into account the development of target setting.

Scottish Office Expenditure 1978-79

Lord Selkirk of Douglas asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What was the amount of money in (i) cash terms and (ii) 1997-98 prices allocated in 1978-79 to each area of expenditure within the Secretary of State's responsibility, namely: (a) agriculture, fisheries and food; (b) industry, enterprise and training; (c) roads and transport; (d) housing; (e) other environmental services; (f) law, order and protective services; (g) education; (h) arts and libraries; (i) health; (j) social work services; (k) other public services; (l) local authority capital expenditure; (m) provision to match receipts from European Social Fund and European Regional Development Fund; (n) central Government support to local authorities' non-capital expenditure; (o) nationalised industries financing limits.[HL1248]

Lord Sewel: The information requested is shown in the following table, using the areas of expenditure recognised at that time.

The figures are taken from Public Expenditure to 1985-86--A Commentary on the Scotland Programme. The programmes shown are not directly comparable with current programmes. There have been changes in the Secretary of State's responsibilities over the years, and local government expenditure was not separately identified at that time.

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Expenditure within the Secretary of State's Responsibility, 1977-78

£ million cash£ million 1997-98 prices
Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and Forestry 82288
Industry, Energy, Trade and Employment 73257
Other Services
Tourism 311
Transport 272957
Housing 5361,886
Other Environmental Services 3341,175
Law, Order and Protective Services 172605
Education, Science, Arts and Libraries 8332,931
Health and Social Work 8833,106
Other Public Services 46162
Total Other Services 3,07910,832
Total expenditure within the Secretary of State's responsibility 3,23411,377

Scottish Office Expenditure: 1978-79 to 1997-98

Lord Selkirk of Douglas asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What was the amount of money in (i) cash terms and (ii) 1997-98 prices allocated in each financial year between 1978-79 and 1997-98 (inclusive of these years) to each area of expenditure currently within the Secretary of State for Scotland's responsibility.[HL1249]

Lord Sewel: Fully consistent information in the form requested could only be provided at disproportionate cost. Relevant information can be found in the following publications:


    Public Expenditure to 1985-86--A Commentary on the Scotland Programme


    Public Expenditure to 1986-87--A Commentary on the Scotland Programme


    Public Expenditure to 1987-88--A Commentary on the Scotland Programme


    Public Expenditure to 1988-89--A Commentary on the Scotland Programme


    Public Expenditure to 1989-90--A Commentary on the Scotland Programme


    Public Expenditure to 1990-91--A Commentary on the Scotland Programme


    Public Expenditure to 1991-92--A Commentary on the Scotland Programme


    Public Expenditure to 1992-93--A Commentary on the Scotland Programme


    Serving Scotland's Needs--The Government's Expenditure Plans 1991-92 to 1993-94 (Cm 1515)


    Serving Scotland's Needs--The Government's Expenditure Plans 1992-93 to 1994-95 (Cm 1915)

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    Serving Scotland's Needs--The Government's Expenditure Plans 1993-94 to 1995-96 (Cm 2214)


    Serving Scotland's Needs--The Government's Expenditure Plans 1994-95 to 1996-97 (Cm 2514)


    Serving Scotland's Needs--The Government's Expenditure Plans 1995-96 to 1997-98 (Cm 2814)


    Serving Scotland's Needs--The Government's Expenditure Plans 1996-97 to 1998-99 (Cm 3214)


    Serving Scotland's Needs--The Government's Expenditure Plans 1997-98 to 1999-2000 (Cm 3614)


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