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Iraq: ICRC Access to Detainees

Lord Hylton asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean): The Iraqi regime has an appalling human rights record both where its own citizens and third country nationals are concerned. The most recent report of the UN Special Rapporteur, Max Van Der Stoel, on Iraq made clear that "widespread, systematic and serious violations of human rights continue in Iraq".

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The ICRC and other NGOs have frequently sought and been denied access by the Iraqi regime to prisons and detention centres.

Security Council Resolution 687 requires Iraq to extend all necessary co-operation to the ICRC to provide access to Kuwaiti detainees held since the Gulf war. Iraq has consistently failed to abide by this.

The UK will work with EU partners for a resolution on Iraq at the forthcoming 54th session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights.

Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they intend that the resolution now being drafted in the United Nations Security Council will clearly establish who is to determine (a) whether the terms recently signed up to by the United Nations Secretary General and the Government of Iraq are being breached; and (b) whether a military attack on Iraq may, in consequence, lawfully be launched.[HL808]

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: The resolution that the noble Lord refers to was adopted by the Security Council on 2 March as SCR 1154.

The text of the resolution makes three things clear; that the Security Council gives full backing to the agreement reached with Iraq by the UN Secretary General: that Iraq will face the severest consequences if it violates the terms of the agreement; that if Iraq complies in full sanctions can be lifted.

Iraq: UN Resolutions

Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they expect the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) or the new inspecting body to show conclusively that there are weapons of mass destruction remaining in Iraq, or whether their continuing inability to prove a negative will result in sanctions on Iraq never being lifted.[HL809]

Baroness Symons of Vernhan Dean: In order for sanctions to be lifted, Iraq must comply fully with relevant security resolutions. To date, UNSCOM has been unable to report compliance because Iraq has chosen to pursue a policy of concealment, deceit and obstruction. We welcome the progress made by the UN Secretary General in Baghdad, whose Memorandum of Understanding, since endorsed by Security Council Resolution 1154, secured an unambiguous commitment from Iraq to allow immediate, unconditional and unrestricted access to all sites, personnel and documents which UNSCOM believes to be connected with Iraq's proscribed weapons programmes. If Iraq finally honours its obligations under the relevant Security Council resolutions, we would see no barrier to the lifting of sanctions.

International Court of Justice: Judgments

Lord Monkswell asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Further to the Written Answer by the Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean on 23 February (WA 60),

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    whether they will place in the Library of the House copies of United Nations publication of summaries of judgments, advisory opinions and orders of the International Court of Justice 1948-1991 and of the Court's annual reports to the General Assembly for the years from 1991.[HL811]

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: I understand that arrangements will be made by the Library of the House to have this material available for consultation.

Counter Battery Radar Project

Lord Mason of Barnsley asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What is the current position on the Counter Battery Radar project.[HL969]

The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence (Lord Gilbert): I am pleased to inform the House that a contract for the Industrialisation and Production phase of the Counter Battery Radar project, COBRA, covering the requirements of France, Germany and the UK, was signed on 6 March 1998. The contract, valued in total at approximately £350 million, was placed with Euro-Art, a consortium consisting of Thompson CSF, SI Sicherungstechnik, RACAL and Lockheed Martin.

COBRA will provide the Army with the capability to locate and classify hostile rockets, guns and mortars accurately and at long range, and will act as a force detector. It will also be able to monitor breaches of ceasefire when deployed in a peacekeeping role.

The project is a good example of the benefits of collaboration with our European partners, and has given us the opportunity to procure technologically advanced equipment at a considerably lower cost than would have been the case had we pursued a purely national programme. The contract will result in around eight years of work for British industry.

Legislation, Parliament and the Sovereign

Lord Marlesford asked the Leader of the House:

    What are the precedents for a Minister of the Crown to give either House of Parliament the personal views of the Sovereign on the merits, acceptability or desirability of a piece of legislation being considered by Parliament.[HL908]

The Lord Privy Seal (Lord Richard): Precedents are often helpful in deciding the appropriate procedure in a particular circumstance, but House of Lords' procedures are not settled by precedent. As I told the House on Monday 2 March (H.L. Deb., col. 955), procedure should be based on common sense and applied with regard to the particular circumstances. There are no precedents directly relevant to the case which was the subject of my statement.

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Lord Marlesford asked the Leader of the House:

    Whether he will indicate those circumstances, other than when a Bill is fundamentally personal to the Sovereign and her family, or when Her Majesty's views would very soon become apparent through other channels, in which they regard it as appropriate or desirable to make known to Parliament the private views of the Queen on a piece of legislation under consideration; and whether the two particular circumstances referred to justify the practice singly or only in combination.[HL909]

Lord Richard: A common sense approach to procedure means that every Bill must be considered separately. There is no circumstance which I can envisage where a Minister would make known to Parliament Her Majesty's views except on a Bill fundamentally personal to the Sovereign or her family and after full consultation with the Palace. I would expect the normal means of conveying the Queen's consent to Parliament to operate in the case of other Bills.

Sickness/Incapacity Benefit Recipients and Employment Levels

Lord Rea asked Her Majesty's Government:

    How many people in the United Kingdom were receiving long-term sickness or incapacity benefit for each year from 1977 to 1997, by sex and by age category (for example: 15-30, 30-45 and over 45--or such other categories as are appropriate to the data; and how those figures compare with (a) employment and unemployment levels, and (b) life expectancy (or some other appropriate measure of the overall health of the same population), for the same years.[HL622]

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The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Social Security (Baroness Hollis of Heigham): The information is not available in the format requested. Such information as is available is set out in the tables. Detailed information on trends in life expectancy and other measures of health are published in Social Trends 28--1998 edition, published by The Stationery Office a copy of which is available in the Library.

Employment and Unemployment levels in the United Kingdom

Unemployment benefits claimants (seasonally adjusted) Workforce in Employment(1)
MaleFemaleMaleFemale
June 1977890,800268,200Not availableNot available
June 1978855,300294,00015,332,2819,782,359
June 1979770,400297,00015,431,07510,061,107
June 1980910,600363,30015,353,56510,091,897
June 19811,605,100570,90014,697,4679,779,221
June 19821,847,700673,20014,336,8879,702,015
June 19832,027,200777,50014,082,0069,676,109
June 19842,040,000856,50014,351,91510,059,604
June 19852,099,700918,80014,419,68110,272,007
June 19862,153,000966,50014,302,22710,416,309
June 19871,978,200857,30014,482,20310,765,528
June 19881,599,100694,40014,928,39411,208,119
June 19891,276,100509,90015,281,20311,663,927
June 19901,191,100423,80015,319,90311,877,799
June 19911,743,700557,30014,644,55511,668,741
June 19922,094,800639,00014,145,52211,603,213
June 19932,241,600677,20013,788,83711,571,262
June 19942,023,500620,30013,849,17211,667,430
June 19951,763,700549,40014,026,96111,773,146
June 19961,631,400518,90013,973,68912,041,755
June 19971,222,400377,40014,274,83312,247,487

Source:

Office for National Statistics.

Notes:

(1) Includes employees, self employed, HM Forces and work related government training.


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Great Britain Invalidity Benefit (1977-1995) and Incapacity Benefit (Short Term Higher and Long Term rates) recipients (1996-1997) incapacitated at the end of the year, by age and sex

1977197819791980198119821983198419851986
Men
All Ages421,250461,100503,900506,000516,211552,807592,907638,200672,581706,100
Under 201,1001,2501,8001,7001,2001,4001,400600600600
20-246,2005,8506,2005,5007,0006,2005,7007,3007,2005,700
25-299,95010,50010,2009,50011,10011,40011,60012,60012,90014,500
30-3415,50018,55017,00017,20016,50614,90015,40716,60017,51319,900
35-3918,75021,55019,30021,70024,00625,00727,60027,10029,52730,100
40-4426,80028,30033,40031,40031,92333,30033,20035,10036,50036,500
45-4933,00037,70038,40039,30040,21246,00049,60050,70053,31352,400
50-5454,15057,30058,90055,00058,01760,20065,00069,70075,50079,300
55-5977,90090,300111,300107,700103,923111,200118,800127,100128,100134,100
60-64152,900157,850168,900170,600175,423192,800209,900232,700239,127246,100
65 and over25,00031,95038,20046,40046,90050,40054,70058,70072,30086,900
Women
All Ages84,05096,100106,000108,500116,364130,300143,907158,800176,367193,100
Under 201,3502,1002,3001,7001,0121,200700500500500
20-245,8505,4507,5008,5007,9128,7008,4007,8008,5138,300
25-295,8506,55010,2008,5009,40010,00012,60713,10012,50015,400
30-344,4005,4506,1007,40010,800120,00011,80015,50016,30016,900
35-395,3006,5007,8008,5007,7009,30012,10013,70017,01320,200
40-446,8508,2008,4008,7009,70012,00013,50015,70017,30017,600
45-4910,80011,10012,10012,40014,51816,40016,50019,20022,01324,300
50-5417,55018,65018,70018,50018,71220,80023,90024,40028,00032,700
55-5923,00027,95028,60029,30031,41233,30037,60040,40042,22743,100
60 and over3,3004,1504,3005,0005,2006,6006,8008,50012,00014,100


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19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997
Men
All Ages754,400807,800859,600916,800976,1001,063,5001,156,0001,217,0001,261,7001,210,6801,146,660
Under 203003009001002000200004020
20-245,7005,6005,7005,1006,4008,4006,1007,0006,5006,5005,860
25-2913,80012,00014,70016,80018,40021,00025,90025,70026,70026,44024,580
30-3419,30022,50023,60024,30026,60033,90035,50040,90046,60044,62043,280
35-3931,70029,70031,50030,90033,40043,10050,30053,60060,30061,30061,840
40-4441,80047,20049,50053,50056,70059,50064,70070,10071,40072,40072,060
45-4956,50058,10060,10063,80068,90080,40094,500104,900106,800112,020108,040
50-5488,40094,800101,900108,200115,100122,100130,000134,100147,400147,540152,120
55-59137,100149,500158,500171,300176,400191,600211,300224,200232,300230,660221,700
60-64250,200258,200262,200266,200273,100284,900308,500321,500328,700315,920312,040
65 and over109,600129,900151,000176,600200,900218,600229,000235,00023,300193,240145,120
Women
All Ages213,500239,700266,400292,100329,900375,400424,000464,200505,200481,720485,400
Under 203007007002002001000100100200
20-248,3007,6007,6008,2007,2008,6008,6007,4006,4006,1605,700
25-2917,70016,20018,70020,10021,20025,80027,40026,00026,10024,78023,500
30-3419,10019,50021,20021,30023,40025,90030,70034,30036,60036,22035,940
35-3920,60022,00023,30026,10026,30029,30031,90036,90040,30042,32042,280
40-4419,80025,60028,40029,60035,80040,40043,70046,30051,50049,82051,580
45-4927,80030,90032,40036,60039,30046,50057,10064,40073,90075,28075,560
50-5438,60044,00048,80053,60060,80064,90070,70077,80086,50089,74097,580
55-5944,60053,00061,90067,30078,70087,400101,400108,700117,500105,540111,180
60 and over16,70020,20023,40029,10037,00045,50052,50062,30066,30051,84042,080

Note:

Where a "0" appears this means that no cases were picked up by the sample.

Source

1977-1978 2 per cent. clerical sample, 1979-1995 1 per cent. clerical sample.

1996-1997 5 per cent. sample of the computer system, excludes a small number of cases not on the system.


Northern Ireland: Claimants incapacitated by sickness and invalidity for over 6 months (1978-95) and Incapacity Benefit (Short Term Higher and Long Term rates) (1995-97) at the end of the year by age and sex

197819791980198119821983198419851986
Men
All Ages17,15018,08017,93517,37518,87521,83522,50021,79023,700
Under 201104040304015453560
20-24315275230200260370340310385
25-29310420370435525605530525595
30-34600665655600690750825860930
35-398758758108209851,2601,1351,0651,285
40-449851,1601,1301,0501,2301,5601,5551,4351,575
45-491,5451,7101,7351,6251,6351,7401,8551,9801,950
50-542,6052,4952,6352,6602,7452,9052,9302,7452,860
55-593,8804,1454,0853,9204,0354,4754,7254,6404,980
60-645,2455,3605,4555,2205,7806,9607,3506,7307,200
65 and over6809357908159501,1951,2101,4651,880
Women
All Ages5,9156,6507,0656,1457,0458,4008,6958,83010,255
Under 20456065303550254040
20-24470490495275345405410275275
25-29345580815520700765810690800
30-345456556806207308608808401,000
35-394306056705507558609459551,155
40-445406055755456358258609451,165
45-497357858307858651,0651,2451,3051,290
50-541,0551,1751,3101,1851,0951,2851,3451,5201,810
55-591,4001,5001,3851,4401,6551,9101,8651,9202,265
60 and over150195240195230375310340455

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19871988198919901991199219931994199519961997
Men
All Ages25,41027,69029,96031,74033,31534,92034,95035,08042,32045,77545,454
Under 2055307555404050209022
20-24385350385435390435400280510260254
25-296457809459309058659507301,1401,0841,035
30-349109901,0651,1351,2951,3551,5951,6002,2501,8581,813
35-391,3901,5301,5801,5301,5901,6301,7951,5902,2702,5802,547
40-441,7201,9202,0852,2552,3402,3102,4052,2002,9503,3483,289
45-492,1802,3202,5452,6602,8353,0953,3853,2803,9404,5044,483
50-542,9703,3003,5903,7354,0254,1404,8704,3005,4908,4188,374
55-595,0755,2555,5805,5055,8806,1806,7806,7207,8908,5028,483
60-647,6358,0158,1708,7258,5358,8759,2808,4809,13011,11711,108
65 and over2,4653,2003,9404,7755,4805,9958,4405,8806,6608,1058,085
Women
All Ages11,38512,95515,04516,59017,54518,83021,28518,74024,60027,13126,942
Under 20351570754525705012011
20-24330405430445475445500450690448424
25-298759851,0751,2001,1351,2401,3501,2201,9802,2782,208
30-341,0251,3201,4551,5801,5651,6601,8001,7102,6503,1653,099
35-391,1801,3451,4451,5601,6651,6901,8901,9002,4902,9172,874
40-441,4401,4901,7201,7601,8851,8852,1701,7402,3202,8422,827
45-491,4101,7251,9352,1252,2652,6153,0002,4103,3203,5223,519
50-542,0952,2052,5702,7502,9302,8703,4003,0703,8004,5004,517
55-592,2852,6003,1703,3853,7304,1104,4203,9904,5104,9805,001
60 and over7108651,1751,6101,8502,1902,6752,2002,7202,4802,472

Note:

Figures not available for 1977.

Source

1978-1995 20 per cent. clerical sample. 1996-1997 100 per cent. count of the computer system, excludes a small number of cases not on the system.


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