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BRIEFING



FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

1.

Who is the oldest member of the House of Lords?

 

The Rt Hon the Lord Shawcross, GBE QC (born 4/2/1902).

       

2.

Who is the longest serving member of the House of Lords who is still active?

 

The Rt Hon the Earl Jellicoe, KBE DSO MC FRS, Father of the House (took seat 1939, attended 94 times in Session 1998-9, born 4/4/1918).

       

3.

Who is the youngest member?

 

The Lord Freyberg (born 15/12/1970).

   

4.

What is the average age of all peers?

 

68 years. (This figure applies to the current calendar year.)

       

5.

How many days does the House of Lords sit in a session?

       

    1992-93
    1993-94
    1994-95
    1995-96
    1996-97
    1997-98
    1998-99

194
142
142
136
79 (ElectionYear)
228
154

       

6.

How many current members of the House of Lords were once MPs?

 

158 (Conservatives 79, Labour 53, Liberal Democrats 14, Crossbenchers 9, other 3) (updated weekly).

       

7.

How many women members are there in the House of Lords?

 

105 (100 Life and 5 elected Hereditary). (Updated weekly.)

       

8.

Who was the first female life peer created?

 

The Baroness Wootton of Abinger (created under the Life Peerages Act 1958, died 11/7/88, Labour).

       

9.

Who was the first female hereditary peer to take her seat?

 

The Baroness Strange of Knokin in 1963 (Baroness Strange is still a member as an elected Hereditary peer under the House of Lords Act 1999).

       

10.

Who was the first female Leader of the House of Lords?

 

The Rt Hon the Baroness Young (Conservative) Sept 1981 - May 1983.

       

11.

Who was the first female Chief Whip?

 

Baroness Llewelyn-Davies of Hastoe (Labour) Nov 1973 Nov 1982 (she died on 6/11/97).

       

12.

Which 3 Members of the House of Lords asked the most written and oral questions in the last session?

 

Written Questions
The Lord Kennet (no longer a member of the House), 393 written questions (1998-99 Session).
The Lord Lester of Herne Hill, 178 written questions (1998-99 Session).
The Countess of Mar, 148 written questions (1998-99 Session).

Oral Questions
The Lord Moynihan, 61 oral questions (1998-99 Session).
The Lord Avebury, 51 oral questions (1998-99 Session).
The Baroness Gardner of Parkes, 51 oral questions (1998-99 Session).

(The above information is updated at the end of each session.)

       

13.

When was the last all-night sitting?

 

June 1988. From 2.30pm Tuesday 28th June until 8.47am Wednesday 29th June on the Education Reform Bill.

14.

How many times has the Government been defeated in the House of Lords?

Session

Number of Defeats

Labour

 

1974-75

Figures not kept

1975-76

126

1976-77

25

1977-78

78

1978-79

11

 

 

Conservative

 

1979-80

15

1980-81

18

1981-82

7

1982-83

5

 

 

Conservative

 

1983-84

20

1984-85

17

1985-86

22

1986-87

3

 

 

Conservative

 

1987-88

17

1988-89

12

1989-90

20

1990-91

17

1991-92

6

 

 

Conservative

 

1992-93

19

1993-94

16

1994-95

7

1995-96

10

1996-97

10

 

 

Labour

 

1997-98

39

1998-99

31

1999-2000

10 (as at 7.4.2000)

 

 

       

 

 

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