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Lord Mackay of Ardbrecknish: The national insurance contributions are not refundable because, unlike PAYE income tax, liability for Class 1 contributions is non-cumulative and depends on the frequency of employees' pay periods and the level of their earnings in each of those periods. Weekly paid employees and their employers pay Class 1 contributions on each occasion that the employees' weekly earnings equal or exceed the weekly lower earnings limit (currently £61), whether or not their total annual earnings from the employment reach 52 times the weekly lower earnings limit (currently £3,172). These contributions, and any other Class 1 contributions, Class 2 contributions for periods of self-employment and Class 3 voluntary contributions paid in the same contribution year, count towards making that year a qualifying year for entitlement to contributory social security benefits. Refunding Class 1 contributions paid in any weekly paid employment with annual earnings less than the annual lower earnings limit could result in that year not being a qualifying year for benefit purposes.
Lord Mackay of Ardbrecknish: Benefit rules do not attempt to anticipate the decision on whether an individual asylum seeker is a genuine refugee or not. The rules make a distinction between those who have made their position clear as soon as they arrive and those who have entered illegally, or claimed some other status. Those found to be refugees or granted exceptional leave will be able to qualify for benefit under normal rules.
Lord Mackay of Ardbrecknish: The department's recruitment policies follow the Civil Service Commissioners rules on recruitment by fair and open competition and selection on merit. I am satisfied that the policies are free from positive discrimination, which is illegal. The aim of equal opportunities awareness training is to remove bias or prejudice towards any particular group, and not to encourage reverse discrimination.
Lord Mackay of Ardbrecknish: The total number of abortions carried out under the Abortion Act, to women usually resident in the North Thames health Region 1 , from 1970 to 1994 2 was 752,736. During this period, 19 abortions, 0.003 per cent. of the total number of
Lord Mackay of Ardbrecknish: In the case of England and Wales, registrars of births and deaths notify the Office for National Statistics (which includes the National Health Service Central Register) of all deaths registered in England and Wales at the end of the week in which they were registered.
The Minister of State, Department for Education and Employment (Lord Henley): Guidelines on policy appraisal for equal treatment were first circulated to all Government departments in 1992 and have been revised and recirculated this year. Copies of the revised guidelines have been placed in the Library.
|Training for work||Youth training||Modern apprenticeships|
|Central and South Cambs.||1,290||1,530||130|
|Norfolk and Waveney||5,170||5,070||280|
|East Midlands Region|
|North East Region|
|Yorkshire and Humberside Region|
|Barnsley and Doncaster||6,440||5,390||530|
|North West Region|
|S and E Cheshire||1,890||2,860||260|
|South West Region|
|South East Region|
|Heart of England||2,130||2,610||90|
|North West London||2,900||1,690||450|
|West Midland Region|
|North East Wales||1,000||2,740||510|
|North West Wales||2,090||2,730||210|
|England & Wales||320,240||334,400||31,030|
1. Records for 1995/96 for South Thames TEC are now kept by SOLOTEC & CENTEC
2. Numbers are rounded to the nearest 10, and therefore may not equal National totals.
TEC Management Information, the Welsh Office.