Previous Section Back to Table of Contents Lords Hansard Home Page


Smarden Incident

The Countess of Mar asked Her Majesty's Government:

5 Jun 1996 : Column WA129

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Baroness Cumberlege): Fluoroacetarnide, the chemical involved, is acutely toxic when ingested. Human exposure in this way as a result of the incident would have been most unlikely and we are not aware of any confirmed reports of death or ill health attributed to the incident.

Mental Illness: Residential Care

Baroness Mallalieu asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What is the average per capita cost to public funds of a place in a residential project for people with a history of mental illness.

Baroness Cumberlege: Information is not available centrally on the number of people with a history of mental illness who are receiving residential care and are receiving funding from local authorities or the Department of Social Security.

French and German Learningin UK Schools

The Earl of Sandwich asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they have any evidence of an increase in British ability in the French language, measured either in formal sector education or by tests or polls among the adult population (a) between 1973 and the Treaty of Maastricht and (b) between the Treaty of Maastricht and today; and

    Whether they have any evidence of an increase in British ability in the German language, measured either in formal sector education or by tests or polls among the adult population (a) between 1973 and the Treaty of Maastricht and (b) between the Treaty of Maastricht and today.

The Minister of State, Department for Education and Employment (Lord Henley): Government policy has encouraged modern foreign language learning in schools throughout the United Kingdom, through the national curriculum in England and Wales, the common curriculum in Scotland, and the Northern Ireland curriculum. Broadly speaking, the following examination data show upward trends both in the numbers of pupils learning French and German and in the levels achieved. There are no data as early as 1973.

In England, the percentage of all 15 year-old pupils achieving Grades A to C at GCSE (and their equivalent at GCE "O" Level and CSE) in these languages was as follows in each of the years shown.

YearFrench
1975-7614.6
1992-9325.0
1994-9526.1

5 Jun 1996 : Column WA130

YearGerman
1988-896.6
1992-9310.3
1994-9511.0

In Wales, the percentage of all 15 year-old pupils achieving Grades A to C at GCSE in these languages was as follows in each of the years shown.


1991-921992-931994-95
French20.021.422.0
German5.06.06.5

In Northern Ireland, the percentage of those candidates of all ages entered for GCSE or GCE "O" Level in these languages who achieved Grades A to C was as follows in each of the years shown. Data about the percentage of the cohort of 15 year-olds attempting GCSE in these languages are not available.

197719921995
French60.758.462.2
German74.172.970.9

In Scotland, the percentage of S4 pupils presented for Standard Grade in these languages was as follows in each of the years shown:

1987-881991-921994-95
French28.753.463.6
German6.914.324.2

Youth Services

Baroness Mallalieu asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What is the average annual cost of a local authority youth worker.

Lord Henley: I regret that this information is not collected centrally. The delivery and funding of youth services is a matter for each local authority. The Government's role is to set the overall framework for the funding of local authority services nationally through the standard spending assessment (SSA) system.

Primary and Nursery Pupils: Costs

Baroness Mallalieu asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What is the average per capita cost of a primary school place and a nursery education place respectively.

Lord Henley: The cost per pupil for primary school pupils and nursery pupils are given in the following table. Separate figures for primary and nursery pupils

5 Jun 1996 : Column WA131

are not available for England, Wales or Northern Ireland. The table does include an estimate for the cost of a nursery place in England. For Scotland, Wales and

5 Jun 1996 : Column WA132

Northern Ireland the figures are for 1993-94, the latest year available. For England figures are given for both 1993-94 and 1994-95.

5 Jun 1996 : Column WA131

1993-94 1994-95
RegionPre-primaryPrimaryPre-primary/ primaryPre-primaryPrimaryPre-primary/ primary
££££££
England2,040(1)--1,630----1,660
Northern Ireland----1,480------
Scotland2,5051,7731,812------
Wales----1,578------

(1) Estimated.


5 Jun 1996 : Column WA131

Pay Review Bodies: Membership Criteria

Lord Stoddart of Swindon asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What criteria are used in appointing members of the public sector pay review bodies.

The Minister of State, Department of Social Security (Lord Mackay of Ardbrecknish): Members need to have the independence, experience and authority to contribute to the work of the pay review bodies and a willingness to devote the necessary time to it.

Pay Review Bodies: Remuneration

Lord Stoddart of Swindon asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What is the remuneration of the Chairmen and members of the public sector pay review bodies.

Lord Mackay of Ardbrecknish: These are unpaid appointments.

Statutory Bodies: Bylaw-making Powers

Lord Harris of High Cross asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they consider it appropriate for a privatised industry to use inherited bylaws (or create new bylaws) that involve criminal penalties for breach rather than use civil remedies like other companies;

    Whether they consider that privatised companies enjoy an unfair commercial advantage when they inherit the power to enforce, by use of the police and the courts, rules or bylaws previously granted under statutory authority against activities that are not illegal outside the context of the rules or bylaws;

    Whether they consider it appropriate for privatised companies to use bylaws framed under secondary legislation to enforce policies taken for purely commercial reasons; and

    Whether they will institute a review of the powers inherited by privatised companies to enforce bylaws

5 Jun 1996 : Column WA132

    through the magistrates' court when these bylaws are not to prohibit unlawful activity but merely to satisfy a commercial activity.

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Blatch): A number of statutory bodies have bylaw making powers for the purpose of discharging their statutory duties. It is for Parliament to decide in each case whether a company should inherit such powers or whether new powers are conferred on privatisation. The creation of criminal offences is the prerogative of the Crown and confirmation by the relevant Secretary of State or Minister is needed to provide Crown sanction. The Government have no plans to institute a review of existing powers.

Women Offenders: Sentence Information

Baroness Hayman asked Her Majesty's Government:

    How many women offenders were sentenced to (a) custodial and (b) non-custodial sentences for (i) violent and (ii) non violent offences in each of the years from 1985 to 1995.

Baroness Blatch: Information for the years 1984 to 1994 is given in the table below. 1995 data will not be available until the autumn.

Number of females sentenced at all courts for violent and non violent offences and by type of sentence given 1985-1994
England and Wales

Year/DisposalViolent offencesNon-violent offencesTotal
1985
Total sentenced4,077139,918143,995
Immediate custody3963,1563,552
Non custodial sentence3,681136,762140,443
1986
Total sentenced3,653160,442164,095
Immediate custody3882,7543,142
Non custodial sentence3,265 157,688160,953
1987
Total sentenced3,773154,041157,814
Immediate custody4332,7933,226
Non custodial sentence3,340151,248154,588
1988
Total sentenced4,500159,282163,782
Immediate custody4992,4152,914
Non custodial sentence4,001156,867160,868
1989
Total sentenced5,043158,269163,312
Immediate custody4162,1822,598
Non custodial sentence4,627156,087160,714
1990
Total sentenced5,321164,495169,816
Immediate custody3561,8112,167
Non custodial sentence4,965162,684167,649
1991
Total sentenced4,859167,330172,189
Immediate custody3711,9252,296
Non custodial sentence4,488165,405169,893
1992
Total sentenced4,961184,192189,153
Immediate custody3561,8952,251
Non custodial sentence4,605182,297186,902
1993
Total sentenced4,733179,098183,831
Immediate custody4621,9432,405
Non custodial sentence4,271177,155181,426
1994
Total sentenced5,472180,326185,798
Immediate custody5222,4152,937
Non custodial sentence4,950177,911182,861

(1) Violent offences includes the indictable offence groups of violence against the person, sexual offences and robbery and the summary offence of common assault.

n violent offences includes the remainder of indictable and summary (excluding motoring) offences.


5 Jun 1996 : Column WA134



   Back to Table of Contents Lords Hansard Home Page