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Murder and Manslaughter by Children

Earl Russell asked Her Majesty's Government:

25 Apr 1996 : Column WA111

Baroness Blatch: The information is given in the table below.

Number of persons aged 10 to 13 convicted at all courts for (a) murder and (b) manslaughter 1963-1994
England and Wales

YearMurderManslaughter
1963----
1964----
1965----
1966----
1967--1
1968----
1969--1
19701--
1971----
1972----
1973--1
1974--1
1975--1
1976----
197711
1978--1
1979--1
1980----
1981----
19821--
19831--
1984----
1985----
19861--
1987----
19881--
1989----
1990--1
1991----
1992--1
199321
19942--

--Not available.

Note:

Murder offences committed under Common Law, and Offences against the Person Act 1861 Secs 1, 9 and 10;

Manslaughter offences committed under Common Law, and Offences against the Person Act 1861 Secs 5, 9 and 10.


Fisheries Council, 22nd April

Lord Brougham and Vaux asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What was the outcome of the Fisheries Council held in Brussels on Monday 22nd April.

Lord Lucas: My honourable friends the Minister of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Under-Secretary of State at the Scottish Office represented the United Kingdom at the meeting of the Fisheries Council in Brussels on 22nd April.

My honourable friend the Minister of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food emphasised the importance of securing a satisfactory solution to the problem of quota hoppers. In many cases, these vessels have very little economic link with the UK and other countries where they are found. He explained that this is a problem which must be solved as a priority.

He explained the United Kingdom's ideas for the creation of regional consultative committees. These

25 Apr 1996 : Column WA112

would increase the regional input into the CFP by bringing together fishermen and officials from member states active in particular fisheries. They would provide a forum to discuss any issue of regional relevance--for example, technical conservation measures or the state of the stocks. In response, the Commissioner emphasised her concern to secure greater regional inputs from the fishing industry. She undertook to build on these and to establish a pilot committee to test the idea.

My honourable friend the Minister of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food drew attention to the magnitude of the industrial fisheries in the North Sea, urging a cautious approach to their management. In particular, he called for the introduction of a precautionary TAC for sandeels and for a greater collaborative research effort on the multi-species interactions connected with industrial fisheries to increase our understanding of their impact on other species.

The Council unanimously agreed new measures to introduce greater flexibility in quota management and more systematic penalties for quota overshoots. The flexibility provisions have been limited to take account of concerns expressed both by fishermen and environmental organisations. They are optional at member state level. The Council and Commission agreed a UK suggestion that data on landings must be collected and presented on a consistent basis throughout the Community before the new penalties for overfishing apply.

The Council agreed by qualified majority, with Belgium, France and Ireland voting against, a compromise on the opening of certain autonomous tariff quotas for the import of fish and fishery products balancing the interests of processors with those of the catching sector.

The Council unanimously agreed a 1996 total allowable catch (TAC) of 150,000 tonnes for the expanding Atlanto-Scandian herring stock in waters north of Shetland. This provides a welcome additional fishing opportunity for the UK fleet.

The Commission gave a progress report on its preparatory work for the next series of Multi-Annual Guidance Programmes. Scientific advice demonstrated a clear case for further measures to reduce overfishing but an extensive consultation exercise with fishing interests throughout the Community confirmed the underlying economic difficulties which the sector continued to face. The Council will take up these issues in more detail at its next meeting in June.

My honourable friend the Minister of State for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food welcomed a report by the Commission on enforcement activity by member states and called for early action to achieve more consistent standards of enforcement.

My honourable friend the Under-Secretary of State at the Scottish Office reported to the Council on the outcome of bilateral discussions with Norway about the continued weakness in the European farmed salmon market and stressed the need for the Commission to keep the position under close review.



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