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Young Offenders in Custody: Statistics

Baroness Masham of Ilton asked Her Majesty's Government:

Baroness Blatch: Responsibility for this matter has been delegated to the temporary Director General of the Prison Service, who has been asked to arrange for a reply to be given.

Letter to Baroness Masham of Ilton from the Director of Finance of the Prison Service, Mr. Brian Landers, dated 18th March 1996.

Lady Blatch has asked me, in the absence of the Director General from the office, to reply to your recent Question asking what was the average custodial population of offenders aged under 17 and under 21 respectively in 1992, 1993, 1994 and 1995; how many of these were on remand; and how many were serving sentences of (a) under 12 months, (b) 12 months or more but under four years, and (c) four years or more.

The available information is for the prison population of young offenders at 30 June each year. Statistics for the years 1992 to 1994 are published in Prison statistics, England and Wales (Cm 3087 for the 1994 edition), copies of which are available from the Library. Table 3.2 gives the breakdown of the young offender prison population by age by type of custody. Table 3.1 shows an analysis by sentence length for all sentenced young offenders, which includes some 21 year-olds who were under 21 when sentenced. Information for 30 June 1995 is given in the attached table (1). The sentence length breakdown requested for young offenders aged under 17 for 30 June 1992 to 1995 is shown in table 2.

Table 1: Population of young offenders in prisons in England and Wales on 30th June 1995

Number
Detention in a YOI5,273(1)
Section 53 C&YP Act 1933 and custody for life494
In default of payment of a fine75
Untried1,753
Convicted unsentenced975
Total8,570

(1) Of which 1,705 were sentenced to under 12 months, 2,767 for

12 months to less than 4 years and 801 to over 4 years (excluding life).


Table 2: Prison population of offenders aged under 17 in England and Wales on 30 June 1992 to 1995

Type of prisoner1992199319941995
Sentenced
Detention in a YOI
Less than 12 months210217281276
12 months32435158
Over 12 months to 2 years------23
All sentence lengths242260332357
Section 53C & YP Act 1933 and custody for life29323460
All sentenced271292366417

1 Aged 15 and 16. Fourteen-year-old boys are included in the June 1992 figures; since October 1992 they are no longer held in Prison Service custody.

2 Maximum sentence for juveniles (other than Section 53) increased from one to two years with effect from February 1995.


18 Mar 1996 : Column WA92

Turkish Nationals: Asylum Applications

Lord Avebury asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they will publish a table of Turkish asylum seekers similar to the one given on 18th April 1994 (H.L. Deb., col. WA47), but including the year 1995, and adding a row giving the percentage of those recognised as refugees or granted exceptional leave to remain, as a proportion of total decisions in each year.

Baroness Blatch: The information requested is given in the table.

Decisions on applications for asylum in the United Kingdom from Turkish nationals, excluding dependants, 1990 to 1995
Number of principal applicants

199019911992199319941995
Asylum applications1,5902,1101,8651,4802,0451,820
Total decisions 2 9803702,6401,9051,145995
Recognised as a refugee and granted asylum245904603409050
Recognition rate (%)25%25%17%18%8%5%
Not recognised as a refugee but granted exceptional leave to remain6752001,5358555535
Exceptional leave rate (%)69% 53%58%45%5%3%
Total refusals60806457101,000910
Refusal rate (%)6%22%24%37%87%92%
Refused asylum and ELR after full consideration----150485775720
Refused on safe third country grounds----9011080150
Refused under para. 340 of the Immigration Rules----40511515040
Applications outstanding at the end of the year2,3604,0503,2702,7253,5454,280

1 Provisional figures rounded to the nearest five.

2 Figures exclude information on applications made overseas.

3 Decisions do not necessarily relate to applications made in the same year.

4 Usually granted for a year in the first instance, subject then to further review.

5 A breakdown of refusals is not available for 1991 and earlier years.

6 Para. 180F prior to 1st October 1994, for failure to provide evidence to support the asylum claim within a reasonable period.

7 Figures are maxima which overstate the true situation prior to 1992 due to the under-recording of decisions on the system.




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