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Prerogative Powers

Lord Lester of Herne Hill asked Her Majesty's Government:

Viscount Cranborne: The Government share the view of Wade and Bradley, in their work on constitutional law, that it is not possible to give a comprehensive catalogue of prerogative powers.

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Civil Servants: Company Directorships

Lord Avebury asked Her Majesty's Government:

    When was the policy of allowing civil servants to accept directorships introduced, and what public announcement was then made;

    Whether any civil servant holding a directorship has ever been subject to legal proceedings or threatened legal proceedings in respect of his actions as a director; if so, whether they will give details, and if not, why it was considered necessary to indemnify civil servants against civil liability in February 1991; and

    Whether they will publish a list of civil servants who have been allowed to accept directorships of companies, giving in each case the name of the civil servant, the date of the appointment and the name of the company; whether they will place in the Library of the House copies of any rules which have applied to such appointments from time to time, and whether they still consider it proper for civil servants to hold such posts.

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence (Earl Howe): Greater interchange of staff with outside organisations, particularly with the private sector, was recommended by the Fulton Report on the Civil Service in 1968. It has been encouraged by successive administrations since then and regularly commented on in publications and in the media. Full records are not available centrally, but, as part of its interchange programme, DTI has records of organising a developmental non-executive directorship for a civil servant as early as 1978.

There is no central record of any civil servant holding a non-executive directorship or non-executive appointment being subject to legal proceedings or threatened legal proceedings in respect of his or her non-executive role. However, it was agreed in 1991 to allow departments to offer indemnities to civil servants in non-executive roles, because the civil liabilities associated with such appointments might have deterred civil servants from taking up these opportunities and were a potential obstacle to the success of the initiative. The minute announcing the necessary revision to the Civil Service Management Code to allow indemnities was laid before the House on 1 February 1991.

In January 1993, the Cabinet Office (OPSS) published a guidance booklet on non-executive directorships for civil servants, which was placed in the libraries of both Houses. The booklet provides advice for departments and individuals in understanding the role, risks and rules governing directorships for civil servants, lays down that the individuals should not receive payment, and indicates that conflicts of interest should be avoided.

During 1995, when information was last collected centrally, 57 civil servants held at that time or were due to take up non-executive appointments within

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private sector companies either for developmental reasons or on an ex officio basis. Although some details may have changed, the names of the departments, civil servants and companies involved are listed below, together with the year of appointment.

Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
A. R. BurneAlbert Fisher1994
R. W. HathawayRHM1993
G. A. HollisDalgety1992
M. M. ParkerCadbury1993
R. G. PurnellH. R. Wallingford1994
HM Customs and Excise
A. SawyerRoyal Bank of Scotland1994
Ministry of Defence
C. V. BalmerMarks and Spencer1993
R. P. CraneThorn Security1991
A. C. H. MaceAvery1994
D. R. MorrisRank Organisation1988
B. A. E. TaylorStirling Fibre Ltd.1988
Employment Service
G. KennedyThree Town Initiative Co. Ltd.1995
P. McCabeGreat Easterhouse Development Co. Ltd.1994
Department of the Environment
R. G. CourtneyWoods of Colchester Ltd. (GEC)1994
N. GlassCV Apparel Ltd. (Coats Viyella)1994
J. HobsonTarmac1992
D. A. NicholsAnglian Water1992
W. P. S. RickettRedland Roof Tiles1994
J. F. StokerHanson plc1991
A. G. WatsonAMEC1988
Home Office
J. ThompsonKPMG1995
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
A. GreenVickers Defence Systems1994
C. HumfreyJ. C. Bamford1994
J. LingRTZ BoraxNot recorded
V. SutherlandSave and Prosper1993
K. TebbittMott Macdonald1994
D. WrightAEA Technology1994
Lord Chancellor's Department
C. EverettIBM1994
N. OppenheimerMarks and Spencer1995
Royal Mint
David SnellOGWR Partnership Trust plc1991
Scottish Office
A. W. DenhamThe Wise Group1990
D. HartWesterhailes Partnership Co. Ltd.1995
I. McCallScottish Design1995
C. C. MacDonaldTSB Scotland1994
D. Y. A. McFadenUnited Distillers1990
W. A. MacGregorStrathclyde Green1995
Belt Company
E. MackayMoray Firth Maltings1988
G. RooneyLocal Investing Networking Co. Ltd.1994
E. WeepleWesterhailes Partnership Co. Ltd.1995
Department of Social Security
Richard AllenMarks and Spencer1994
Department of Trade and Industry
B. BenderBTR Industries Ltd.1993
P. BunnGlynwed Plastics Ltd.1994
S. CharikEuropean Transonic Wind TunnelNot recorded
G. S. DartLaing Engineering Ltd.1991
R. C. DobbieVickers1989
A. EggintonBOC UK Gases Ltd.1991
I. JonesGlynwed Consumer Products1994
M. K. O'SheaSeven Seas Ltd.1992
M. MayerBritish Approvals Board for TelecomsNot recorded
W. PatonOptimat Ltd.1989
J. PhillipsForward Trust Group Ltd.1994
M. StanleyIBM1995
A. J. WallardRank Cintel1986
Department of Transport
R. BalmeP&O European Transport Services Ltd.1993
J. DenningLloyds Register Quality Assurance Ltd.1987
D. McMillanP&O European Transport Services Ltd.1995
HM Treasury
P. GrayLaing Management1993

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