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Imprisonment for Fine Default

Lord Hylton asked Her Majesty's Government:

Baroness Blatch: The courts must have adequate powers to enforce financial penalties quickly and effectively. In the last resort, that includes the imprisonment of defaulters. The power to imprison defaulters can only be used where the court has inquired into the offender's means and is satisfied that the default is due to the offender's wilful refusal or culpable neglect to pay; and where it has considered or tried all other methods of enforcing payment and it appears to the court that they are inappropriate or unsuccessful. A working group on the enforcement of financial penalties has been set up by the Lord Chancellor's Department to identify and promote good practice in the enforcement of financial penalties and to make recommendations. The working group's objective is to find ways of enabling the courts to enforce payment of financial penalties more effectively without resorting to imprisonment, unless this is absolutely unavoidable.

Parkhurst Prison Board of Visitors: Vacancies

Lord Harris of Greenwich asked Her Majesty's Government:

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Baroness Blatch: The board complement at HM Prison Parkhurst is 15 and there are currently three vacancies. It is not unusual for boards to have one or two vacancies at any one time and this is taken into account in setting the complement of the board. As these are public appointments, it is desirable for boards to submit to Ministers a choice of candidates. Board Chairmen, therefore, frequently wait until they have two or more vacancies before inviting a number of candidates to interviews. Furthermore, security clearances for candidates can take a couple of months and so there will always be some lapse of time between vacancies occurring and new appointments being made by Ministers.

On the Isle of Wight itself there are two other establishments, HM Prison Camp Hill and HM Prison Albany, which have complements of 16 and 14, respectively. Within a 20-mile radius on the mainland, there are a number of other establishments. Board members are usually required to live within a 20-mile radius of the establishment to which they are appointed because they may need to attend the establishment as a matter of urgency. This makes recruitment on the Isle of Wight particularly difficult. However, steps are being taken to fill the vacancies at Parkhurst as quickly as possible.

Mental Health Act Detainees Released under Supervision

Lord Harris of Greenwich asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What proportion of persons who have been detained under Sections 37 and 41 of the Mental Health Act 1983, and are conditionally discharged restricted patients, are having social supervision by the probation service and social services respectively.

Baroness Blatch: This information cannot be obtained from the records held centrally.

Adoptions: Reduction in Numbers

Lord Braine of Wheatley asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What information they have as to the reasons for the decline in Great Britain of the number of children given for adoption during the period 1968–93.

The Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Department of Health (Baroness Cumberlege): Research indicates that the decline in adoptions has been influenced largely by improved information and methods of contraception and the support available to single mothers wishing to care for their babies.

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Prescription Charges Equalisation

Lord Tebbit asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether it is in the public interest that the rules governing the charging for prescriptions for men over the age of 60 should be made by the European Court of Justice rather than by Parliament.

Baroness Cumberlege: The United Kingdom agreed EC Directive 79/7 on equal treatment in matters of Social Security in 1978. The European Court of Justice ruled on 19 October 1995 that the arrangements governing age exemption from prescription charges were within the scope of this directive. This ruling allows the United Kingdom to equalise exemption arrangements for prescriptions in a number of different ways and we have chosen to do so at age 60 from 20 October.

Mental Illness Hospitals: In-Patients

Lord Mottistone asked Her Majesty's Government:

    How many patients were, or are, cared for (on closure or now, if not yet closed) in each of the hospitals named in Table 2 of the Survey of English Mental Illness Hospitals March 1994—Monitoring the Closure of the "Water Towers".

Baroness Cumberlege: The information available centrally is given in the table.

NHS Hospitals in Table 2 of the Survey of English Mental Illness Hospitals March 1994—Monitoring the Closure of the "Water Towers": Numbers of In-patients at 31 March 1994

Hospital In-patients
all ages
Barnsley Hall Hospital 57
Clifton Hospital 100
Coney Hill Hospital 168
Hollymoor Hospital 185
Mapperley Hospital 195
St. Francis Hospital (Nottingham) 38
St. George's Hospital (Stafford) 147
St. Crispin Hospital 121
Scalebor Park Hospital 35
Central Hospital 95
Claybury Hospital 361
Countess of Chester Hospital 179
Hill End Hospital 153
Maidstone Hospital 115
Netherne Hospital 57
Princess Royal Hospital 154
Roundway Hospital 99
St. George's Hospital (Morpeth) 312
St. Mary's Hospital (Northumberland) 247
St. Matthew's Hospital 157
Stanley Royd Hospital 277
Tone Vale Hospital 117
Tooting Bec Hospital 96
Whittingham Hospital 153
St. Nicholas' Hospital (Newcastle) 214
Brookwood Hospital 311
Carlton Hayes Hospital 249
Littlemore Hospital 172
Middlewood Hospital 116
Napsbury Hospital 419
Shenley Hospital 424
The Royal London Hospital (St Clements) 99
Warlingham Park Hospital 143
All Saints Hospital 261
Parkside Hospital 249
Knowle Hospital 184
Fair Mile Hospital 212
De la Pole Hospital 246
Fairfield Hospital 415
Fulbourn Hospital 301
Goodmayes Hospital 401
High Royds Hospital 346
Horton Hospital 329
Lancaster Moor & Ridge Lea Hospitals 314
Park Prewett Hospital 245
Runwell Hospital 320
Severalls Hospital 218
St. Edward's Hospital 254
St. Lawrence's Hospital 206
Warley Hospital 534
Winterton Hospital 375
Bexley Hospital 241
Cherry Knowle Hospital 320
Garlands Hospital 182
Rauceby Hospital 173
Towers Hospital 163
Winwick Hospital 398
Graylingwell Hospital 249
St. Andrew's Hospital (Norwich) 168
Springfield Hospital 429
St. James' Hospital 204
St. Luke's Hospital 140
St. Clement's Hospital (Ipswich) 190
Stone House Hospital 98
Wonford House Hospital 116
Highcroft Hospital 132
West Park Hospital 358
Barrow Hospital 212
Bootham Park Hospital 107
Ealing Hospital 327
Hellesdon Hospital 258
Henderson Hospital 24
Kingsway Hospital 285
Lynfield Mount Hospital 119
Maudsley Hospital 217
Old Manor Hospital 145
Prestwich Hospital 337
Royal Shrewsbury Hospital (Shelton) 197
St. Martin's Hospital 120
Sundridge Hospital 48
The Bethlem Royal Hospital 180
Warneford Hospital 70

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Mr. John Smeaton

Lord Braine of Wheatley asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What discussions they had with Mr. John Smeaton and other members of the delegation from the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children during the UN International Women's Conference in Beijing and whether they will place in the Library of the House any information presented by Mr. Smeaton.

The Minister of State, Department for Education and Employment (Lord Henley): Members of the UK

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delegation to the Fourth UN World Conference on Women are not aware of any discussion with, or of receiving any information from, Mr. Smeaton, nor any other member of the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children, at the Fourth UN World Conference on Women in Peking.

UN Population Award Laureates

Lord Braine of Wheatley asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Who have been the winners of the United Nations Family Planning Association (UNFPA) Award for the most "outstanding contribution to the awareness of population questions" for each of the last 15 years, and what have been the amounts presented.

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Baroness Chalker of Wallasey): Following is the available information.

United Nations Population Award Laureates

Laureates Monetary Prize
1995 Laureates
Halfden Mahler, Denmark $12,500
Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices affecting the Health of Women and Children $12,500
1994 Laureates
President Hosni Mubrarak, Egypt $10,000
Turkish Family Health and Planning Foundation $10,000
1993 Laureates
Fred T. Sai, Ghana $10,000
Mainichi Shimbun Population Problems Research Council $10,000
1992 Laureates
J. R. D. Tata, India $7,000
The Population Council $7,000
1991 Laureates
Julia J. Henderson, United States of America $10,000
Centre for Population Studies and Responsible Parenthood, Ecuador $10,000
1990 Laureates
Professor Alfred Sauvy, France $10,000
National Family Health and Population Council of Mauritius $10,000
1989 Laureates
President Soeharto, Indonesia $12,500
Programme national de Bien-être familial of Togo $12,500
1988 Laureates
Shidzue Kato, Japan $12,500
PROFAMILIA, Columbia $12,500
1987 Laureates
President Hussain Muhammad Ershad, Bangladesh $10,000
National Family and Population Office of Tunisia $10,000
1986 Laureates
National Population Council of Mexico (CONAPO) $25,000
1985 Laureates
International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) $25,000
1984 Laureates
Carmen A. Miro, Panama $12,500
Sheldon J. Segal, United States of America $12,500
1983 Laureates
Prime Minister Indira Ghandi, India $12,500
Qian Xinzhong, China $12,500

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