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The Lord Chancellor (Lord Mackay of Clashfern): The Lord Chancellor's Advisory Committee on Legal Education and Conduct will publish its fourth annual report on Friday 27th October. Copies will be placed in the Libraries of both Houses.
Lord Lucas: The provisional estimate of sales of electricity to final consumers in Wales in 1994 was 15,869 gigawatt hours. The Department of Trade and Industry estimates that 167 gigawatt hours of electricity was generated by wind schemes in Wales in 1994.
The Minister of State, Department of the Environment (Earl Ferrers): The court ruling was not a judgment on the merits of the decision of the Secretary of State for the Environment on the structure of local government in Berkshire. It turned on a point of interpretation of the Local Government Act 1992 which the Secretary of State feels needs to be tested further. Leave to appeal was granted by the High Court, and the Secretary of State will be serving Notice of Appeal to enable the matter to be argued further in the Court of Appeal. The Secretary of State will not lay the Berkshire (Structural Change) Order before Parliament while the appeal is proceeding.
Earl Ferrers: Householders in England and Wales have a general planning permission to install one satellite dish of up to 90cm in size in specified northern and western counties and up to 70cm elsewhere. The permitted size limit is 90cm in Scotland and Northern Ireland. In order to protect the environment for the residents, permitted development rights are given to dishes of the minimum size which are capable of receiving satellite signals. The size differential in England and Wales recognises that reception with the smaller dishes is not possible in northern and western regions.
|University Air Squadron||Universities Affiliated for Ordinary Membership|
|Aberdeen, Dundee and St. Andrew's||Aberdeen University The Robert Gordon University Dundee University University of Abertay, Dundee St. Andrew's University|
|University of Central England in Birmingham|
|University of Wolverhampton|
|University of the West of England at Bristol|
|University of Plymouth|
|University of Essex|
|University of East Anglia|
|Anglia Polytechnic University|
|East Lowlands||Edinburgh University|
|East Midlands||Nottingham University|
|Loughborough University of Technology|
|Nottingham Trent University|
|De Montfort University|
|Glasgow and Strathclyde||Glasgow University|
|University of Paisley|
|Glasgow Caledonian University|
|The Glasgow School of Art|
|Liverpool John Moores University|
|University of Central Lancashire|
|Brunel The University of West London|
|University of Kent|
|Canterbury College, Kent|
|Manchester and Salford||Manchester University|
|University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST)|
|Manchester Metropolitan University|
|University of Northumbria at Newcastle|
|University of Sunderland|
|University of Teesside|
|Oxford Brookes University|
|Queen's||Queen's University of Belfast|
|University of Ulster at Coleraine and Jordanstown Sites|
|Stanmillis College, Belfast|
|University of Portsmouth|
|Wales||University College of Wales, Aberystwyth|
|University College of North Wales|
|University of Wales College of Cardiff|
|University College of Swansea|
|University of Wales College of Medicine|
|St. David's University College Lampeter|
|University of Glamorgan|
|Sheffield Hallam University|
|Leeds Metropolitan University|
|University of Huddersfield|
|University of Humberside|
Earl Howe: The Consultative Letter proposing the closure of Queen's University Air Squadron in Belfast was issued to trades unions and other interested parties on 5 September 1995. I will arrange for a copy of the text of the Consultative Letter to be placed in the Library of the House.
Earl Howe: Taking account of a range of defence-related factors, and in consultation with the Department of Health and the NHS, we have selected the Frimley Park Hospital NHS Trust in Surrey and the Peterborough Hospitals NHS Trust in Cambridgeshire as the sites for the new Ministry of Defence hospital units. Detailed contractual negotiations, which began with the trusts concerned last March, are progressing satisfactorily. We aim to have units fully established at these locations by April 1996.
What is the scientific validity, particularly for predicting subsequent behaviour, and the margin of error in PPG tests; whether side-effects from exposure to mercury have been noted among those subjected to tests; and whether PPG tests have been independently evaluated; and
What comparisons have been made, if any, between the reactions of prisoners and non-prisoners to PPG testing; and
Whether in all cases those undergoing PPG testing have to be subjected to erotic, pornographic or sadistic material; and what effect this is considered to have, particularly on long-term prisoners; and
Whether they can confirm that penile plethysmograph (PPG) tests are continuing on men imprisoned for sexual offences; whether testing was publicly announced in advance; and on whose authority such tests are conducted; and
What account is taken of the effect on relations between prisoners and their families, and on relationships within prisons (especially re Rule 43) before PPG tests are ordered.
The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Blatch): Responsibility for these matters has been delegated to the temporary Director General of the Prison Service, who has been asked to arrange for a reply to be given.
In the year ending 31 March 1995, PPG tests were carried out on 103 prisoners. In each case, concern about risk of future sex offending had already been identified and PPG testing was being carried out to identify one of the factors (sexual preferences) which might contribute to that risk and which would consequently need to be addressed in subsequent treatment. Information is not held centrally about the nature of the prisoners' sentences and criminal records and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost. In practice, however, the prisoners concerned would almost invariably have been serving their current sentence either for a sexual offence or for a murder in which a sexual element had been identified. Information could also be obtained only at disproportionate cost about the numbers of offenders tested in the previous three years.
Extensive international research has been carried out with both prisoner and non-prisoner populations. The general finding has been that the great majority of men who have not been convicted of sexual offences show stronger reactions to depictions of consenting sex as compared to depictions of rape or violence, and stronger reactions to depictions of adults than to depictions of children. In contrast, deviant sexual interests are much more common among men who have been repeatedly convicted of sexual offences. The Prison Service's use of PPG has recently been reviewed by the independent panel of experts who advise the Prison Service on the development of the Sex Offender Treatment Programme (SOTP). A comprehensive analysis of research findings by the panel has shown that PPG assessment provides the single most powerful predictor of future sexual offending. Many other factors are, however, considered when assessing the risk presented by sex offenders and the Prison Service never uses PPG tests in isolation.
The Prison Service's intention to begin large scale use of PPG assessment was announced in 1991 when the Sex Offender Treatment Programme, of which it forms a part, was begun. A copy of the publication Treatment Programme for Sex Offenders in Custody: A Strategy was placed in the Library of the House in July 1991. As the programme has increased in scale, PPG assessment has become more common. This trend is set to continue in the future. The SOTP is a centrally co-ordinated initiative and both the material used in PPG tests and the circumstances of assessment are carefully controlled by the central unit responsible for the co-ordination of this initiative.
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