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Earl Ferrers: The latest State of the Construction Industry report, produced jointly by the Department of the Environment and representatives of the construction industry, has just been completed. Copies have been placed in the Library.
Earl Ferrers: Urinary metabolites of organophosphates significantly above background levels were found in only a few of the volunteers (Niven et al 1994); the researchers commented on possible reasons for these findings relating to work practices. The reasons for similarity with urine metabolite levels found previously (Niven et al 1993) are not known.
Earl Ferrers: Health and Safety Executive research has identified low background levels of DMP and DMTP in urine samples from individuals in a range of occupations. The levels of DMP and DMTP reported in two recent studies by the Institute of Occupational
Earl Ferrers: The Government support a wide range of research into possible adverse health effects associated with materials. No specific research is planned into adverse effects from materials in conjunction with organophosphates, but suppliers of pesticides and veterinary medicines are required to support their product authorisations with substantial research and testing. In addition, the regulatory authorities for such products monitor scientific and medical research world-wide, so that all available evidence is taken into account in the judgments made.
The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Blatch): The Government share the view of the Royal Commission on Criminal Justice that further measures are needed to improve the effectiveness of pre-trial hearings in the Crown Court, to enable issues to be clarified and resolved in advance of the trial.
To achieve this, we propose providing for a power for judges to make binding rulings before the start of the trial, and for an extension of the existing system of preparatory hearings, currently held in serious fraud cases, to other potentially long or complex cases. These proposals are contained in a consultation paper [on improving the effectiveness of pre-trial hearings in the Crown Court], which we are publishing today.
Baroness Blatch: No specific guidance has been issued by the Home Office on the use of cautioning for burglary, but guidance on cautioning generally is set out in Home Office Circular 18/1994, a copy of which is already in the Library.
Whether, in view of public concern when a Category A prisoner escapes from custody, they will in future arrange for the results of the inquiry into the causes and circumstances of the escape to be made public.
Baroness Blatch: The attached table provides details of each escape incident. It does not include the names of individual prisoners as it has not been the practice to name prisoners in these circumstances and in some cases charges have yet to be resolved.
External inquiries into escapes are normally published subject to security considerations. However, internal inquiries are not published, as evidence is collected on the basis that they will not be published and the procedures necessary for publication are not adopted.
|Date of escape||Establishment or location||No of category A prisoners in incident||Offence||Recapture date||Inquiry type|
|7/7/89||HMP Hull||1||Armed robbery||12/7/89||Internal (Prison Service)|
|26/3/90||HMP Leicester||1(1)||Robbery, wounding, poss of firearm||27/3/90||Internal (Prison Service)|
|17/7/90||En route HMP Bristol||1(1)(1)||Remanded on murder charge||31/7/90||Internal (Police)|
|7/7/91||HMP Brixton||2(1)||Remanded on terrorist related charges||In custody in Republic of Ireland||External (Hadfield & Lakes)|
|Remanded on terrorist related charges||In custody in Republic of Ireland||External (Judge Tumim)|
|22/10/91||HMP Parkhurst||1||Robbery, poss of firearms with intent to kill and endanger life||3/1/92||Internal (Prison Service)|
|31/12/91||Outside hospital (Ex HMP Wakefield)||1||Rape/burglary x3||31/12/91||Internal (Prison Service)|
|1/4/92||HMP Frankland||1||Armed robbery||4/8/92||Internal (Prison Service)|
|8/12/92||En route to Maidstone Crown Court||1(1)(1)||Remanded on manslaughter charge||8/12/92||Internal (Police)|
|17/2/93||Cells Manchester Crown Court||1(1)||Murder||6/3/93||Internal (Prison Service)|
|9/9/94||HMP Whitemoor||6||Murder and attempted murder||9/9/94||External (Sir John Woodcock)|
|Conspiracy to cause explosions||9/9/94|
|Conspiracy to cause explosions likely to endanger life||9/9/94|
|Assisting an escape and conspiracy to armed robbery||9/9/94|
|Conspiracy to cause explosions||9/9/94|
|Conspiracy to cause explosions and possession of firearms and explosives||9/9/94|
|3/1/95||HMP Parkhurst||2||Murder||8/1/95||External (Sir John Learnmont)|
|Conspiracy to cause explosions and possess an explosive substance etc||8/1/95|
|5/4/95||West Hendon Magistrates Court||1(1)||Remanded on charge of attempted murder||At large||Internal (Prison Service)|
|5/6/95||En route to Central Criminal Court (ex HMP Belmarsh)||2(1)||On trial for possession of firearm with intent to kidnap||5/6/95||Internal (Prison Service)|
|On trial for possession of firearm with intent to kidnap||At large|
(1) Provisional category A (unconvicted and sentenced).
(1) These category A prisoners were in police custody at the time they escaped.