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Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: The meeting was held to mark the 40th anniversary of the Messina Conference, which paved the way for the foundation of the EEC. The Italian Foreign Minister hosted a working lunch which was attended by Foreign Ministers of all 15 member states, the President of the European Commission and the President of the European Parliament.
The first meeting of the Study Group which will prepare for the 1996 Inter-Governmental Conference took place on 3 June in Taormina, near Messina. The group consists of the personal representatives of the Foreign Ministers of the EU. My honourable friend, the Minister of State (Mr. Davis) was the UK representative. During this short initial meeting the group considered its timetable and agreed the following schedule of meetings:
The group also considered the scope of its work on the basis of a paper circulated by its chairman, Carlos Westendorp (Spanish Minister for Europe). It was agreed that until the end of July the group should take a first look at the EU's institutions; citizenship; justice and home affairs issues; the common foreign and security policy and defence; and the procedural issues such as legislative instruments and budgetary procedures.
The chairman stressed that the Study Group's task was not to negotiate. Its purpose was to present a range of options to Heads of Government to assist them in determining the scope of the Inter-Governmental Conference itself.
Members of the group agreed that the IGC next year would be designed to develop the EU, especially to prepare the way for further enlargement. The Study Group would consider the challenges facing the EU, which included the need to make it more relevant and comprehensible.
In making his initial address to the Study Group, my honourable friend stressed that the Union faced major challenges in the coming years. The challenges included enlargement to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, improving European competitiveness, making Europe relevant and acceptable to its people and developing a more effective Common Foreign and Security Policy.
My honourable friend emphasised that none of these goals required greater centralisation. On the contrary, there should be a greater role for national parliaments and a reinforcement of subsidiarity and deregulation. My honourable friend said that the UK would oppose extension of qualified majority voting. Seeking to out-vote states when their vital national interests were at stake would be likely to create more problems than it solved and could build up resentment.
My honourable friend pointed out that there was no need for a massive overhaul of the basic Maastricht structure, which provided the necessary flexible framework for further enlargement. A major overhaul would bewilder and alienate the European public.
Finally, my honourable friend emphasised the importance of carrying the people of Europe along in any decisions reached later in the Inter-Governmental Conference. The European Union should be built for the benefit of Europe's citizens, not its politicians.
The Council adopted conclusions on policy towards the Baltic Sea region, and approved a paper on policy towards the Baltic States. A decision was taken to sign Europe Agreements with the three Baltic States on 2 June.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: My right honourable friend the Foreign Secretary announced on 26 November 1993 that a review of the Special Operations Executive (SOE) archives had begun. Since then, the records on the Far East, Scandinavia, the Middle East and North Africa have been made available to the public. The next batch, on Eastern Europe, were opened by the Public Records Office on 9 June 1995. Further SOE records will be made available in due course.
The Minister of State, Department of Trade and Industry (Earl Ferrers): The MINIS 95 returns for the department, which this year include the department's Efficiency Plan, were published on 12 June 1995. A set has been placed in the Library of the House.
The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Blatch: Disruptive detainees are transferred to Prison Service establishments to ensure the safety and good order of the detention centre. It is not a punitive measure. Such decisions often have to be taken quickly, as a response to operational requirements. Such decisions are not, however, taken lightly and the detainee has an opportunity to have his representations considered before any transfer is effected.
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