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Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Henley: All are bound by the Official Secrets Acts and, in addition, they may be restricted from participating in certain projects with which they were associated during their service with the department.

Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord Henley: All are bound by the Official Secrets Act and by any restriction which the department may have placed on their application for employment with the prospective employer. They are under no obligation to pass on to the department any information which might be beneficial to the Crown.

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Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:

    How many of the 2,088 United Kingdom Armed Forces Officers who since 1984 have taken up appointments with companies in the defence industry (Mr. Freeman's written Answer, House of Commons Hansard, 8th December, cols. 309-310) have taken up appointments with foreign-owned or foreign-based companies; and how many have taken up appointments with Boeing, Lockheed, Martin Marietta, McDonnell Douglas, Northrop Grumman, Thyoccol, United Technologies, Honeywell, Lytton Industries, Loral, Raytheon and Westinghouse.

Lord Henley: My department keeps no record of this information.


Lord Kennet asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether it is the case that the secret US reconnaissance aircraft, known as Aurora, has been flying in British airspace or that United States unmanned aerial vehicles are operating, or have been given permission to operate, within or from the United Kingdom as reported in Aviation Week (17 October 1994); and if so what conditions they have imposed; and whether any direct benefit is derived by the United Kingdom, NATO, or WEU, from these aircrafts' activities.

Lord Henley: We have seen no evidence that United States experimental aircraft or unmanned aerial vehicles have flown in UK airspace and no authorisation has been given by Her Majesty's Government to the United States Air Force (or any other US body) to operate such aircraft within or from the United Kingdom.


Lord Tebbit asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether the Chancellor of the Exchequer continues to favour in principle the participation of the United Kingdom in State 3 of monetary union.

Lord Henley: The question of UK participation in Stage 3 of Economic and Monetary Union is unlikely to be a real issue for the present Parliament because of the lack of economic convergence across Europe. As the Chancellor has said, the UK has a completely open option on when and whether to participate in Stage 3. The Government recognise the significance of any decision on participation in Stage 3, and, through the UK Protocol to the Maastricht Treaty, they have ensured that such a move could not be made without a full Act of Parliament.


Lord Tebbit asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they will list those items of public expenditure which were subject to increase in the year

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    1993-94 consequent upon European Community decisions over which Parliament had no control.

Lord Henley: EC expenditure proposals which require a formal decision by the Council are deposited in Parliament and are subject to the parliamentary scrutiny arrangements of European legislation. The explanatory memoranda on the proposals include a section on the financial implications for the UK where applicable.


Lord Hooson asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they have any estimates of the annual loss of revenue from tax fraud or underpayments in England and Wales between the years 1980 and 1993 and how much of the loss of revenue has actually been recovered.

Lord Henley: There are no reliable estimates of annual tax loss. But the annual yield from the Inland Revenue's counter-evasion and anti-avoidance work has risen from £137.9 million in 1979-80 to £1,609.6 million in 1993-94.


Lord Hooson asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What money the European Commission allocates to the United Kingdom for anti-fraud work and whether this sum is allocated annually or for a longer period; when the allocation first began; and how much of the money Her Majesty's Government have taken up over the years.

Lord Henley: The budgetary authority allocated 139.14 million ecu (£105 million) in the 1994 budget to programmes to fight fraud. This sum was additional to provision for administrative resources within the Commission which are used to fight fraud. This compares with an outturn of 115.285 million ecu (£87 million) in 1993. The budget for anti-fraud programmes includes both funds spent directly by the Commission and funds available to member states to co-finance new controls and new anti-fraud mechanisms.

United Kingdom receipts from the EC budget for anti-fraud programmes are included with other departmental receipts. Detailed information on these receipts is not held centrally. However, the United Kingdom does take advantage of Community financing. For example, following the introduction of Integrated Control and Administration Systems (IACS), some £7.8 million was taken up by the United Kingdom in 1993 and 1994 to meet part of the cost of introducing a computer database to record details of areas and livestock numbers subject to support. The United Kingdom has also taken advantage of the provision for computer systems in the CAP export refund area, where Customs received £185,759 and £114,679 in 1992 and

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1993 respectively. Customs have also applied for £248,993 for the same purpose in 1994.


Lord Hooson asked Her Majesty's Government:

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    Whether any estimate has been made of the total revenue and/or expenditure of which Her Majesty's Government is deprived by fraud, crime and waste annually.

Lord Henley: No comprehensive estimate is readily available.

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