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Our aim is to develop more effective and efficient training and testing arrangements to improve
road safety without increasing the average cost of learning to drive which we estimate currently to be some £1,500. A partial Impact Assessment which includes cost estimates for various elements of our proposals was published alongside the Driving Standards Agency's Learning to Drive consultation paper and these can be accessed via the DSA website www.dsa.gov.uk.
Actual costs would depend upon the decisions we reach in light of the comments from consultees plus the research and trialling work we are undertaking in parallel with the wide-ranging consultation exercise. We shall publish an updated Impact Assessment alongside our implementation plans.
|Population density||Distance criteria|
Ms Keeble: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what estimate her Department has made of the number of road traffic accidents associated with binge drinking in the latest period for which figures are available. 
The provisional number of reported personal injury road accidents involving at least one driver/rider over the legal alcohol limit in Great Britain in 2006 was 9,390. Information is not available for damage only road accidents.
Mr. Greg Knight: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what research she has (a) commissioned and (b) evaluated on changes in the cost to motorists of driving since 2005; and if she will make a statement. 
The total cost of motoring fell by 4 per cent. from January 2005 to April 2008 in real terms. The total includes the cost of buying cars, fuel, maintenance and insurance. This overall fall was driven largely by the falling costs of car purchasedown by 20 per cent. over this period. The real terms cost of tax and insurance fell by 6 per cent., the cost of maintenance rose by 5 per cent., with the cost of petrol and oil rising by 21 per cent.
Mr. Dai Davies: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what procedures were used to choose the (a) venues, (b) participants and (c) contents of the Young Peoples Forums on Driving; and what steps have been taken to inform young (i) drivers and (ii) learner drivers of the report of the workshops held under the auspices of the forum. 
Jim Fitzpatrick: To offer a reasonable geographical spread, one location in each of the nations in Great Britain was chosen. Nottingham was used as a central location in England outside of London; Cardiff and Glasgow as the major cities in Wales and Scotland.
university and college networks
local council youth programmes
workplaces with a relatively high number of young employees
educational or working background
stage in driver learning and learning/driving history
elements of the proposed approach to driver learning and testing could be reviewed;
specific relevant research questions could be discussed and responded to;
the products we wanted to use for the Learning to Drive consultation exercise could be developed and reviewed to make them meaningful and accessible to young people.
A condensed version of the full consultation paper has been published as a booklet, specifically with young people in mind. Public events will be held in England, Scotland and Wales during the consultation period. Members from the fora will attend to talk to young people who come along.
Derek Wyatt: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much revenue remains uncollected from non-UK registered Heavy Goods Vehicles for (a) congestion charges, (b) parking fines, (c) speeding fines and (d) low emissions zone breaches. 
Information collected by the Government identifies the total number of fixed penalties ordered to be paid in relation to criminal motoring offences such as speeding, and the number and amounts of court fines issued. Detailed data about particular offences, or the type of vehicle involved, are not collected.
The relevant highway authority is responsible for the enforcement of penalty charges for civil contraventionssuch as congestion charge, parking and low emission zone contraventions. The Government do not require local authorities to provide information relating to unpaid penalty charges, or to particular vehicle types.
Mr. Carmichael: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what estimate she has made of the cost of implementing the pay benchmarking analysis undertaken by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency in 2007. 
Jim Fitzpatrick: The Maritime and Coastguard Agency and the PCS and Prospect Unions have yet to agree formally both the details within the 2007 comparability studies and the validity and appropriateness of the potential comparators they describe. No estimate of costs can be made unless and until that agreement is reached.
Mr. Carmichael: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what recent representations she has received from the chief executive of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency on staff (a) pay and (b) grading. 
In addition there were a further 60 posts to be filled as part of the agencys on-going restructuring exercise, the majority of which will be filled from the pool of displaced existing staff. None of these were for coastguards or for surveyors.
Mr. Pickles: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what guidance has been issued to local highway authorities by her Department on (a) charging parents to drop their children off outside schools and (b) restricting the provision of parking places near schools. 
Ms Rosie Winterton:
We have not issued any specific guidance on these aspects of parking. The Department's School travel strategies and plans: a best practice guide for local authorities identified the imposition of parking restrictions as one of several measures that local authorities should consider when providing safer routes to schools, and it gave examples of local authorities that had used such controls as part of their traffic management strategies. There are powers in the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 that
enable local authorities to introduce parking controls (including any associated charges) where they consider it appropriate.
Mr. Dai Davies: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what research has been commissioned by her Department on (a) the primary causes of accidents involving newly-qualified drivers and (b) measures to improve the road-readiness of drivers following the passing of the driving test. 
Jim Fitzpatrick: The consultation on improving learning to drive which the Department for Transport launched on 7 May 2008 is supported by a number of research reports on the nature of the problems faced by learner and newly qualified drivers. The main research is summarised in the Learning to Drive evidence document, which is available online at:
There is also substantial research on the causes of accidents involving young people, who represent the majority of newly qualified driversthree-quarters (75 per cent.) of newly qualified drivers in 2006-07 were under the age of 25. In 2002, an in-depth study, commissioned by the Department, which explored the causes of accidents involving young drivers was publishedsee:
Mr. Evennett: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many (a) men and (b) women were killed in car accidents in London where at least one of the drivers involved was aged 21 years or under and (i) male and (ii) female in each year since 1997. 
Jim Fitzpatrick: The numbers of (a) male and (b) female fatalities in reported road accidents involving at least one (i) male and (ii) female car driver was aged 21 years or under in London in 1997 to 2006 are shown in the table.
|Number of fatalities( 1)|
|Male car driver aged 21 years or under||Female car driver aged 21 years or under|
|Male fatality||Female fatality||Male fatality||Female fatality|
|(1) Some fatalities may be double counted in the table as an accident could involve both a male driver (aged 21 and under) and a female driver (aged 21 and under).|
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