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|(1) From 2003 data were also weighted for non response. Data weighted for child selection only are provided for consistency with previous years.|
Health Survey for England 2005updating of trend tables to include 2005 data.
The Information Centre
Caroline Flint: The message that obesity is a major contributor to type 2 diabetes is highlighted in the Chief Medical Officers report At least five a week and the Choosing Health White Paper. Evidence suggests that obesity is responsible for 47 per cent. of cases of type 2 diabetes.
The Department has not made an assessment on the link between obesity and free sugar intake in liquid form. However, the Government are in discussion with stakeholders, including the food industry, to develop a strategy to enable consumers to achieve energy balance. The levels of sugars in some foods and drinks are being explored as part of this strategy.
Caroline Flint: The causes of obesity are multi-factorial. The Department has no current plans to assess the specific implications on obesity from sugar substitution. However, the Government are in discussion with stakeholders, including the food industry, to develop a strategy to enable consumers to achieve energy balance; the level of sugars in some foods is being explored as part of this strategy.
Caroline Flint: There has been no research commissioned by the Department on links between obesity and cancer in either adults or children. However, the Department recognises the summary research evidence available from studies in the United Kingdom, which shows that the risk of a number of cancers is increased by obesity, including breast cancer, cancer of the endometrium, uterus, cervix, ovary and gall bladder in women and cancer of the rectum and prostate in men.
Caroline Flint: I refer the hon. Member to the answer given to him by the Minister for Local Environment, Marine and Animal Welfare, my hon. Friend the Member for Exeter (Mr. Bradshaw) on 8 January 2007, Official Report, columns 267-68W.
Caroline Flint: Estimates of primary care trust expenditure on public health are available from the healthy individuals category in the programme budgeting returns. Expenditure in this category covers immunisation, screening and general/routine health examinations. However, not all spend on public health will necessarily be picked up in this category.
Caroline Flint: The Department of Health and the other United Kingdom Health Departments have for the last three years commissioned Cancer Research UK to run SunSmart, the national skin cancer prevention and sun protection campaign. The campaign includes raising both public and professional awareness of skin cancer by providing information about skin cancer and its early detection, and by providing guidance on preventative measures to reduce its risk. The campaign raises awareness through support for health promotion events, the provision of printed resources, media briefings and the SunSmart website. By so doing, and by targeting specific at-risk groups, the campaign aims to reduce the prevalence of skin cancer.
The campaign has helped schools to develop their own sun protection policies through school guidelines and curriculum resources for use in the classroom. The healthy schools programme, a joint Department of Health and Department for Education and Skills initiative, is currently building a new website. This will signpost advice and good practice on a range of health matters which can be made available to schools including the dangers caused to children at school by excessive exposure to sunlight. Cancer Research UK also consulted extensively with the Health and Safety Executive in developing the prevention campaign for men and outdoor workers.
Mr. Pickles: To ask the Secretary of State for Health whether the funding provided to local authorities to support the implementation of smoke-free legislation set out in Local Authority Circular LAC 2006(17) includes provision for potential increased costs of street cleaning. 
Caroline Flint: Funding provided to local authorities is set out in this circular to enable them to build compliance with the smoke free regulations to take enforcement action. It is for local authorities to decide how best to use these resources in their own areas.
Mr. Walter: To ask the Secretary of State for Health what estimate she has made of the number of staff who have been (a) made redundant, (b) redeployed and (c) offered early retirement as a result of the amalgamation of strategic health authorities; and what estimate she has made of the costs of this action. 
Ms Rosie Winterton: Information on the number of redundancies is collected from NHS organisations and published on a quarterly basis. Information on the numbers and costs of staff redeployed or offered early retirement is not collected centrally.
Caroline Flint: There are at present no specific mechanisms or regulations that relate to the use of unsupervised/coin-operated sunbeds by under-16s. However the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has issued guidance which advises against use by those under 16. Cancer Research UK has also worked with representatives of the industry to help improve information for both staff and customers. That includes the displaying, of information specifically discouraging the use of sunbeds by young people under 16. In the light of concerns about unsupervised tanning salons and coin-operated sunbeds, the Department is planning further discussions with the HSE and other stakeholders to see whether the existing guidance aimed at sunbed operators and customers needs to be strengthened.
Sandra Gidley: To ask the Secretary of State for Health what assessment she has made of whether the conception rate for girls under 18 years of age is on course to decrease by 50 per cent. by 2010, as announced in Choosing Health in 2004. 
We have made steady progress in reducing teenage pregnancies since the Teenage Pregnancy Strategy was launched in 1999. Between 1998 (the baseline year for the strategy) and 2004 (the latest year for which data are available) the under-18 conception rate has fallen by 11.1 per cent. and the under-16 rate has fallen by 15.2 per cent. Both rates are now at their lowest level since the mid-1980s. However, we need to accelerate progress to achieve the challenging PSA target to halve the under-18 conception rate by 2010.
Progress in local areas is variable, with some areas seeing significant reductions in their rates, while in other areas rates are static or increasing. That is why we have issued detailed delivery guidance to local authorities and PCTs setting out what has worked in areas with sharply declining rates. All areas have been asked to review their local strategies in the light of these findings and reflect them in their forward plans. We have also provided new analysis on the underlying factors that increase the risk of teenage pregnancy, to help local areas target their strategies in high-rate neighbourhoods and on young people at greatest risk.
Caroline Flint: The Food Standards Agency welcomes and encourages the voluntary initiatives some businesses have undertaken to reduce the trans fats levels in their food products. However, any product reformulation to reduce the levels of trans fats (generally through the removal of partially hydrogenated vegetable oil) should not result in increases in the saturated fat levels in foods. Dietary intakes of trans fats are well within maximum recommended intakes, whereas saturated fat intakes currently exceed public health recommendations. Consequently saturated fat intakes represent the greater heart health risk and remain the priority.
|Total number of notifications|
1. Notified cases of tuberculosis are diagnosed on the basis of clinical and/or microbiological findings.
2. There are no data on the number of symptomless people who are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis because there are no validated tests that can be used to screen large numbers of people. These people cannot transmit tuberculosis to others, but can later develop active tuberculosis disease and then may transmit infection to other people.
Health Protection Agency (HPA) Statutory Notification of Infectious Diseases (NOIDs)