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Norman Baker: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how much public money has been earmarked for investment in future nuclear fission development; and how much of that money is expected to be spent on the Generation IV Scheme. 
Malcolm Wicks [holding answer 1 December 2005]: DTI has allocated £10 million, £5 million in 200607 and £5 million in 200708, to support UK involvement in international research on advanced nuclear energy systems. Much of this is expected to fund UK research on Generation IV systems for potential international deployment from around 2030; the exact amount will depend on the mix of research proposals that are submitted. The initiative will support UK skills needed to keep open the nuclear energy option and our capability to keep abreast of international developments and inform UK policy development.
The Research Councils have allocated £6 million to a consortium for research to Keep the Nuclear Option Open" which commenced in October 2005 for four years (of which a small element will focus on Generation IV technologies). EPSRC intends to award up to £5 million
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to support an Engineering Doctorate Centre in Nuclear Skills, which will have a first intake of students in autumn 2006, and in May 2005 awarded £l million for a masters level training packagethe Nuclear Technology Education Consortium (NTEC).
Dr. Kumar: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what (a) safety and (b) financial tests will be used to determine whether the building of further nuclear power stations will be approved. 
(a) An operator may not begin construction of a new nuclear power station until a licence has been granted by the Health and Safety Executive. Before granting that licence HSE will need to be assured that the plant is robustly designed to ensure high levels of safety throughout its operation and eventual decommissioning. HSE has published its Safety Assessment Principles which guide its assessment of a prospective licensees safety submissions.
Dr. Kumar: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what assessment the Department has made of the potential for nuclear power to increase its share of the national grid's electricity supply over the next 50 years. 
Malcolm Wicks: The role of nuclear power in meeting the UK's future electricity generating needs will be examined in the recently announced Energy Review, alongside all other options to ensure the UK remains on track to meet our medium and long-term energy policy goals.
Malcolm Wicks: Expenditure to repair distribution overhead power lines was £47.1 million in 200001, £46.2 million in 200102, £71.8 million in 200203, £53.7million in 200304 and £53.1 million in 200405.
Mr. Crabb: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what the total value of UK trade with (a) India, (b) China, (c) the EU, (d) the USA and (e) Russia and the former Eastern bloc countries was in each year since 1995. 
Mr. Crabb: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how many applications for the building of new power stations he is considering; and how many of these are for power stations in Wales. 
The Protection of Trading Interests Act (PTIA) was enacted in 1980 to counter US assertions of extraterritorial jurisdiction in the late 1970s. The PTIA was modified in 1996 by an order under section 2(2) of
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the European Communities Act 1972 in order to give effect to Council Regulation (EC) 22717 96, otherwise known as the EU Blocking Statute, which prohibits compliance with the US embargo on Cuba. Although the PTIA was introduced as a defence against US extraterritorial attempts to assert its jurisdiction, the Act does not relate specifically to the US and can be invoked against any third country attempting to assert extraterritorial jurisdiction in the UK.
However, its terms have not been invoked since the introduction of the EU Blocking Statue in 1996, and in recent years the role of the PTIA has shifted from a means of enforcement to that of a deterrent.
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