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Dr. Ladyman: A table has been placed in the Libraries of the House showing which road bypasses have been built since May 1997 and the constituencies where they are located. This includes both Highways Agency and local authority schemes.
John Hemming: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what estimate he has made of the total kilometres travelled by private motor vehicle users on roads in England and Wales in (a) 1984, (b) 1994 and (c) 2004. 
Dr. Ladyman: The total kilometres travelled by private motor vehicle users (comprising cars, vans, motorcycles/mopeds and taxis) on roads in England and Wales is estimated as (a) 396 billion kilometres in 1984, (b) 561 billion kilometres in 1994 and (c) 619 billion kilometres in 2004.
Mr. Hayes: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will make a statement on the current status of plans to extend the Sheffield tram system into Rotherham; what costs have been estimated; what consultation has taken place with local (a) residents and (b) community groups; and what financial support his Department plans to supply. 
The estimated capital costs set out in their proposals are £94 million for the Rotherham Parkgate and Royal Hallamshire Hospital loop extension and £89 million for the Rotherham Parkgate and Royal Hallamshire Hospital Spur extension. These costs are at 1992 prices.
|Diesel passenger trains||1,250|
|Electric passenger trains||1,740|
|Diesel freight locomotives||620|
|Electric freight locomotives||90|
|Percentage of households, England, 2004|
|Time taken to walk to nearest bus stop|
|6 minutes or less||86|
|7 to 13 minutes||10|
|14 to 26 minutes||3|
|27 minutes or more||1|
|Time taken to walk to nearest railway station|
|6 minutes or less||6|
|7 to 13 minutes||11|
|14 to 26 minutes||25|
|27 minutes or more||58|
Anne Main: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many prosecutions have been made against local authorities who fail to meet their targets under air quality management areas in the last five years; and if she will make a statement. 
Mr. Bradshaw: Under the local air quality management system, there is no obligation on local authorities to meet the air quality objectives, as prescribed in regulations. Part IV of the Environment Act 1995 only requires local authorities to act in pursuit of the achievement" of air quality objectives. This is because responsibility for action needed to regulate sources of emissions often lies outside their remit.
Under section 85 of the Environment Act 1995, the Secretary of State has reserve powers requiring English local authorities to take action where they are failing to make sufficient progress. The Secretary of State may issue directions to require local authorities to take any of the following steps:
These reserve powers have never been used, and are seen as a last resort, only to be used where local authorities have clearly failed to carry out their local air quality management duties.
1 Nov 2005 : Column 872W
All Government Departments, including mine, have agreed a Memorandum of Understanding", to be found at http://www.odpm.gov.uk/stellent/groups/odpm_local gov/documents/page/odpm_locgov_029528.hcsp which formalises arrangements for handling poorly performing local authorities following the introduction of the Comprehensive Performance Assessment. The memorandum encourages central Government to engage" with local authorities to address performance issues, and intervene where performance is giving cause for concern. In the last five years, where authorities have been falling behind with their air quality duties, my officials have engaged with those authorities to learn more about why they are falling behind and provided support as necessary. My officials have also met with a number of authorities who have been delayed with their air quality review and assessment reports. Ministers have also written to a number of authorities requesting submission of late reports and answered a parliamentary question in May 2001 highlighting which authorities had failed to complete their air quality reviews and assessments at that stage.
Mr. Godsiff: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many birds entered quarantine in each of the last six months; how many were tested for avian influenza; and how many (a) live birds and (b) dead birds tested positive for avian influenza. 
Mr. Bradshaw: A private veterinary surgeon should always be consulted when birds become ill and the cause cannot be identified. If avian influenza or Newcastle disease are suspected the divisional veterinary manager should be notified immediately.
Bill Wiggin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what contingency plans are in place to deal with a poultry farm which has been contaminated with avian influenza. 
DEFRA has recently reviewed and updated its Exotic Animal Disease Generic Contingency Plan following a period of public consultation. It includes a section dealing specifically with an outbreak of avian influenza and was laid before Parliament on 21 July
1 Nov 2005 : Column 873W
2005. It is available on the DEFRA website. In the event of avian influenza being confirmed on a poultry farm the plan would be invoked immediately.
Bill Wiggin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) what estimate she has made of the quantity of poultry that may become infected in the event of an avian influenza outbreak; 
Mr. Bradshaw: The last outbreak in the UK was in 1992, and affected only one turkey shed. The outbreak in the Netherlands in 2003 involved the culling of millions of birds. Therefore we must be ready for all eventualities.
Bill Wiggin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs for what scenarios the Government have developed contingency plans in the event of an outbreak of avian influenza. 
Mr. Bradshaw: The Government's Exotic Animal Disease Generic Contingency Plan includes a section dealing specifically with an outbreak of avian influenza. The Government have recognised that it is also sensible to plan for a wide set of events, however unlikely these may be, and is, accordingly, developing additional plans.
Mr. Bradshaw: The existing legislation requires that any person who suspects that his chickens have avian influenza must immediately inform the local office of the State Veterinary Service and take steps to reduce the disease risk.
Bill Wiggin: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what discussions her Department has had with other countries regarding the devising of measures to prevent the spread of avian influenza among animals. 
On 25 October the EU agreed to introduce an extensive ban on imports into the Community of wild birds, along with new restrictions on the import of pet birds. In line with previous EU-wide measures, we have already banned imports of all live birds and products which could potentially transmit the disease from countries with the H5N1 strains of avian influenza.
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