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Mr. Simon: To ask the Secretary of State for Health whether the NHS Litigation Authority will be liable in cases of clinical negligence where the negligent treatment was provided by a private or foreign healthcare provider under contract for the NHS. 
Ms Rosie Winterton: The NHS Litigation Authority administers the clinical negligence scheme for trusts (CNST) in England. The CNST provides indemnity against claims for clinical negligence for member organisations, which include national health service trusts and primary care trusts (PCTs).
For patients referred to foreign healthcare providers, indemnity for clinical negligence is usually covered by the CNST arrangements of the referring PCT or NHS Trust.
For other private organisations the liability depends upon the terms and conditions of the contract between the PCT, NHS Trust and the private body concerned.
Miss Melanie Johnson: The Department is currently funding a £3.5 million research programme designed to identify and evaluate potential treatment for Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease. Potential therapies arising from that research will be assessed using a clinical trial protocol the Medical Research Council has developed in conjunction with the Department.
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Each aspect of a cell area (e.g. the custody suite, interview rooms and vehicle access) is individually assessed and rated. From this an overall risk assessment is compiled and the consequent recommendations are made.
Mr. Simon Thomas: To ask the Parliamentary Secretary, Department for Constitutional Affairs what the basis was for the decision to stop using Aberystwyth Magistrates Court cells for the holding of offenders; and if he will make a statement. 
Following the Prisoner Escort and Custody Services (PECS) audit on 2 June 2004, an agreement was reached to keep the cells open. This was on the basis that occupation of the custody accommodation can be controlled in respect of numbers and length of time held and that potential risk can be assessed in each individual case.
Mr. Simon Thomas: To ask the Parliamentary Secretary, Department for Constitutional Affairs what estimate has been made of the cost of bringing the cells in Aberystwyth Magistrates Court up to the health and safety standard required to allow them to be used to hold offenders. 
The local authority has responsibility for Aberystwyth Magistrates Court until it is transferred to my Department on 1 April 2005. An assessment of the cell area has been made by the Magistrates Court Committee, which concluded that the cell area could not be adapted to the extent that it would meet all the standards. This is due to structural issues, which prevent the required level of work. Consequently, no estimate has been prepared.
Mr. Charles Clarke: The Department has made no such assessment. As autonomous, independent bodies, universities are responsible for ensuring the integrity of their assessment processes and outcomes. Institutions are assisted in this by guidance from the Quality Assurance Agency, and by independent external examiners who verify the standards of assessments and of the results achieved by students. The Quality Assurance Agency audits the management of quality in universities, and from this year onwards, the judgments of External Examiners will be published.
Margaret Hodge: Schools should be both secure and open for community use. Balancing these needs can be difficult, so we issued guidance with the Home Office to advise schools and local authorities on how to deal with intruders and prevent intrusion in the first place. The Government also provided funds£10 million in 200203and evaluation of that programme shows schools are improving their security and getting the balance right.
Mr. Ivan Lewis: At the start of September, around 150,000 young people in England had already applied for an EMA. This already represents around 50 per cent. of young people eligible for the scheme and we expect more applications over the coming weeks. The EMA scheme has proved its effectiveness in the pilots we have run, and it will allow young people from poorer households to succeed in a wide variety of vocational and academic courses.
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