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Mr. Heald: To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office what estimate he has made of the (a) recurring and (b) non-recurring costs for (i) a typical business and (ii) all business of the regulations passed so far this Session. 
Mr. Alexander: All proposals which have a potential impact on business, charities or voluntary bodies must be accompanied by a regulatory impact assessment determining whether the costs of the proposal are justified by its benefits. Costs of individual regulations can be found in the published regulatory impact assessments, available in the House Library.
Mr. Stephen O'Brien: To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office (1) what percentage of regulatory impact assessments recommended that the regulatory instruments under examination should not proceed in the last year for which figures are available; 
Mr. Stephen O'Brien: To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office (1) what estimate he has made of the number of regulatory impact assessments conducted in 2003 which included a statement of what the respective department expected to happen in the absence of regulation; and what guidance his Department has issued on this subject; 
(3) how many regulatory impact assessments conducted in 2003 contained a do nothing option. 
Mr. Alexander: The Government are committed to regulating only where necessary and promoting the use of alternatives to regulation. This includes the do nothing option, which provides a useful baseline against which to judge the potential impact of a proposal. As set out in Cabinet Office guidance 'Better Policy Making: A Guide to Regulatory Impact Assessment', Departments are required to consider alternatives as part of the RIA process. RIAs are published and placed in the Libraries of the House.
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by the National Audit Office, that none of the sample regulatory impact assessments concluded that the costs to small business would be disproportionate. 
Mr. Alexander: The Government welcome the National Audit Office's (NAO) Compendium Report on the Evaluation of Regulatory Impact Assessments (RIA), and is currently in the process of looking at the findings and recommendations of the report.
Mr. Heald: To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office how many private sector workers are seconded to (a) the Strategy Unit and (b) the Office of the e-Envoy; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr. Jenkins: To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office how many (a) denial of service and (b) distributed denial of service attacks have been recorded on Government department and agency computer networks and websites in each of the last five years. 
The Government have a continuous programme of work to identify vulnerabilities and prevent damage to critical national infrastructure, public sector networks and other inter-dependent information systems.
Mr. Heald: To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office what powers special advisers within his Department have (a) to give direct orders to civil servants and (b) to exercise other executive powers; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr. Alexander: The duties and responsibilities of special advisers are set out in the Code of Conduct for Special Advisers. Under the terms of the Civil Service Order in Council, up to three special adviser posts in the Prime Minister's office can have executive powers. Only one special adviser currently has such powers.
Mr. Heald: To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office what the total cost has been of special advisers accompanying Ministers on visits (a) abroad and (b) within the United Kingdom in the last 12 months. 
Mr. Alexander: The Government publishes on an annual basis the cost of all Ministers' visits overseas. The cost figure includes the costs of any special advisers accompanying the Minister overseas. The cost for the financial year 200304 will be published as soon as it is ready after the end of the current financial year. The detailed information requested is not held centrally and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.
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Mr. Heald: To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office (1) what the total cost has been of provision of Government office facilities to special advisers (a) in the last 12 months and (b) since 199798; 
Mr. Alexander: Special advisers provide advice to Ministers. They will normally be located in the same building as the appointing Minister. The cost of providing office facilities to special advisers will not normally be separately identifiable from the cost of Ministers' private offices.
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