LPACSUPPLEMENTARY PLANNING ADVICE
ON HIGH BUILDINGS AND STRATEGIC VIEWS IN LONDON
The advice starts off by defining a tall building
as "those which significantly exceed the general building
heights of their surroundings." The advice goes on to identify
in Table 2, particularly sensitive areas where tall buildings
will normally not be appropriate. These are as follows:
green belt and metropolitan open
land (including Royal Parks) and other open spaces, their settings
and the views from them.
listed buildings and their settings
London Squares (as designated by
the London Squares Preservation Act 1931), St Paul's Cathedral
as protected by policy relating to St Paul's Heights.
Important local views, panoramas
historic parks and gardens (as on
the register held by English Heritage), World Heritage Sites,
their buffer zones and backdrops.
Table 7 of the advice goes on to identify examples
of important local views, prospects and panoramas. These were
incorporated within the advice as it is noted that London possesses
many more visual enhancements than the ten strategic views of
St Paul's Cathedral and the Palace of Westminster. These include
the views called panoramas and prospects from specific viewpoints
or general locations, including those encompassing historic and
The advice recommends that these local views,
panoramas and prospects can be incorporated within Unitary Development
Plans to ensure that due consideration is given to their protection.
Table 3 of the advice also built upon PPG1 by
identifying further design considerations for tall buildings.
It notes that UDP policies should be developed to reflect this
list of criteria. The advice believes that proposed development
be of outstanding architectural quality
be able to secure a complete and
well designed setting, including hard and soft landscaping so
that the development interacts with, and contributes positively
to its surroundings at street level.
be set in the context of an urban
design analysis, including the impact on local, medium and long
distance views, and places.
be accompanied by a design statement
emphasise or contribute to a point
of civic or visual significance (including a cluster) or a centre
of urban activity or regeneration, both locally and in relation
to the immediate area and the wider area from which it will be
achieve a positive relationship with
topographical features and other high buildings nearby, and contribute
positively to the image and built environment of London.
enhance the skyline by ensuring the
that the roof top design is of high quality.