Code of Conduct

The Code of Conduct for Members of Parliament

Prepared pursuant to the Resolution of the House of 19th July 1995


Purpose of the Code

    The purpose of the Code of Conduct is to assist Members in the discharge of their obligations to the House, their constituents and the public at large.


    The Code applies to Members in all aspects of their public life. It does not seek to regulate what Members do in their purely private and personal lives.




Public duty

    By virtue of the oath, or affirmation, of allegiance taken by all Members when they are elected to the House, Members have a duty to be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty the Queen, her heirs and successors, according to law.


    Members have a duty to uphold the law and to act on all occasions in accordance with the public trust placed in them.


    Members have a general duty to act in the interests of the nation as a whole; and a special duty to their constituents.




 Personal conduct

    Members shall observe the general principles of conduct identified by the Committee on Standards in Public Life[1] as applying to holders of public office:—



Holders of public office should take decisions solely in terms of the public interest. They should not do so in order to gain financial or other material benefits for themselves,

their family, or their friends


Holders of public office should not place themselves under any

financial or other obligation to outside individuals or organisations that might influence them in the performance

of their official duties.


In carrying out public business, including make public appointments, awarding contracts, or recommending individuals for rewards and benefits, holders of public office

should make choices on merit.


Holders of public office are accountable for their decisions and

actions to the public and must submit themselves to whatever scrutiny is appropriate to their office.


Holders of public office should be as open as possible about all

the decisions and actions that they take. They should give reasons for their decisions and restrict information only when the wider public interest clearly demands.


Holders of public office have a duty to declare any private interests relating to their public duties and to take steps to resolve any conflicts arising in a way that protects

the public interest.


Holders of public office should promote and support these principles by leadership and example."


    Members shall base their conduct on a consideration of the public interest, avoid conflict between personal interest and the public interest and resolve any conflict between the two, at once, and in favour of the public interest.


    Members shall at all times conduct themselves in a manner which will tend to maintain and strengthen the public's trust and confidence in the integrity of Parliament and never undertake any action which would bring the House of Commons, or its Members generally, into disrepute.


    The acceptance by a Member of a bribe to influence his or her conduct as a Member, including any fee, compensation or reward in connection with the promotion of, or opposition to, any Bill, Motion, or other matter submitted, or intended to be submitted to the House, or to any Committee of the House, is contrary to the law of Parliament.


    Members shall fulfil conscientiously the requirements of the House in respect of the registration of interests in the Register of Members' Interests and shall always draw attention to any relevant interest in any proceeding of the House or its Committees, or in any communications with Ministers, Government Departments or Executive Agencies.


    In any activities with, or on behalf of, an organisation with which a Member has a financial relationship, including activities which may not be a matter of public record such as informal meetings and functions, he or she must always bear in mind the need to be open and frank with Ministers, Members and officials.


    No Member shall act as a paid advocate in any proceeding of the House.


    No improper use shall be made of any payment or allowance made to Members for public purposes and the administrative rules which apply to such payments and allowances must be strictly observed.


    Members must bear in mind that information which they receive in confidence in the course of their parliamentary duties should be used only in connection with those duties, and that such information must never be used for the purpose of financial gain.


1   Cm 2850, p. 14. Back

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Prepared 21 May 2002