Select Committee on International Development Third Report


AdaptationAdjustment in natural or human systems to a new or changing environment. Coping with the residual effects of climate change. (See paragraph 40)
AIJActivities Implemented Jointly or Joint Implementation (JI)
AOSISAlliance of Small Island States
BiomassBiomass is any organic matter, available on a renewable basis through natural processes or as a by-product of human activity. Biomass includes: agricultural crops and wastes, wood and wood waste, energy crops, and municipal solid waste. Biomass can be converted into energy through many different means such as combustion (burning), gasification, fermentation, and anaerobic digestion.
CASCountry Assistance Strategy
CDMClean Development Mechanism. (See paragraphs 69-71).
Climate change is a long-lasting change in either the climate or its variability. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) defined climate change as "¼a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability¼".[358] This definition makes a distinction between climate change due to human activity (anthropogenic) and climate change due to natural processes.
CoPConference of the Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change. The supreme body of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, comprising countries that have ratified or acceded to the Framework Convention on Climate Change. The first session of the Conference of the Parties (CoP-1) was held in Berlin in 1995, followed by CoP-2 in Geneva 1996, CoP-3 in Kyoto 1997, CoP-4 in Buenos Aires, CoP-5 in Bonn, CoP-6 in The Hague and CoP-7 in Marrakech.
CSPCountry Strategy Paper
DEFRADepartment for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
DFIDDepartment for International Development
DMPDisaster mitigation and preparedness (See paragraphs 91-94)
ECAExport Credit Agency
ECGDExport Credit Guarantee Department
ENSOEl Niño/ Southern Oscillation
FDIForeign Direct Investment
GEFGlobal Environment Facility (See paragraphs 72-78)
GHGGreenhouse Gases
Gini coefficientAn indicator of income inequality reflecting the distribution of income throughout the population. If income is distributed equally across the population, the coefficient is equal to 0, and if a few individuals predominantly hold the wealth, the coefficient is closer to 1.
GNPGross National Product
GTZDeutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit. German government owned corporation for international cooperation
IDNDRInternational Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, now known as ISDR
IPCCIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (See paragraphs 4-5 and 100)
ISDRInternational Strategy for Disaster Reduction
LDCLeast Developed Country. An informal term for countries defined using a number of parameters including per capita GDP.
MaladaptationAn adaptation that does not succeed in reducing vulnerability but increases it instead.
MDBMultilateral Development Bank
MDGMillennium Development Goal (See paragraph 101)
MEAMultilateral Environmental Agreement
MitigationIn terms of climate change reduction and stabilisation of greenhouse gas emissions and enhancing the sinks of greenhouse gases. In terms of disaster relief, action to limit the impact of disasters. (See paragraph 58)
NAPANational Adaptation Programme of Action (See paragraph 126)
NCNational Communications. A central requirement of the Convention (and the Protocol) is that each Party must inform the others about its national climate change activities.
No regretsActions to address climate risk that also make good environmental and economic sense in their own right. They are actions that will lead to a beneficial outcome, even if climate change turns out to be an exaggerated fear. No regrets options are measures worth doing anyway.
NSSDNational Strategy for Sustainable Development
PRSPPoverty Reduction Strategy Paper
SBSTASubsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice
TARThird Assessment Report from the IPCC
TSUTechnical Service Unit
UNEPUnited Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
UNFCCCUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (See paragraphs 65-66)
WAISWest Antarctic Ice Sheet
WHOWorld Health Organisation
WSSDWorld Summit on Sustainable Development (See paragraphs 86-88)
WMOWorld Meteorological Organization
WTOWorld Trade Organisation

358  United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Article 1 (See Back

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