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Mr. Peter Ainsworth: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) what research projects sponsored and undertaken by her Department have been (a) cancelled and (b) postponed in the last three months; 
Margaret Beckett: The creation of DEFRA has brought together research, monitoring, surveillance and advisory programmes totalling in excess of £250 million annually. We are currently reviewing our science programmes and strategy following the recent appointment of a new Chief Scientific Adviser and in the light of the aims and objectives of the new Department.
Mr. Brady: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what representations her Department has made to the European Commission seeking the promotion of non-ozone depleting alternative refrigerants. 
Mr. Meacher: The Department has not made any direct representations to the Commission on this issue. However, my officials meet regularly with counterparts from other EC member states and the European Commission to discuss issues arising from EC Regulation 20372000 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. They are taking an active part as members of the European Commission's "European Climate Change Programme (ECCP) Working Group Industry, Work Item Fluorinated Gases", which considers policies and
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measures on fluorinated gases such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) to enable the European Community to meet its commitments under the Kyoto Protocol.
On 23 October 2001, the Commission adopted the Communication on the implementation of the first phase of the ECCP. This includes a proposal to bring forward legislation designed to reduce emissions of fluorinated greenhouse gases, including HFCs, along the lines recommended in the report of the Working Group. The Environment Council, at its meeting of 12 December 2001, supported the Commission's proposal for legislative action.
The European Commission expects to publish a first draft of the legislation this Autumn. By implementing regulatory action on ozone depleting substances, as well as on HFCs which replace them in applications such as refrigeration, I anticipate a greater use of refrigerants which have no ozone-depleting potential and do not significantly contribute to climate change.
Mr. Brady: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what action her Department is taking to persuade the European Commission to accelerate the phase-out dates for ozone depleting substances. 
Mr. Meacher: My officials meet regularly with counterparts from other EC member states and the European Commission to discuss issues arising from EC Regulation 20372000 which implements the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. Together with the European Commission, the UK and other member states consider possible EC proposals for improving and strengthening the Protocol.
EC Regulation 20372000 already imposes on the UK and other member states significantly stricter controls on the production, sale and use of ozone-depleting substances than are required of other Parties to the Protocol. For example, the Regulation bans the use of CFCs in the servicing of existing equipment, where the Protocol only concerns itself with their production and supply to the market and imposes no use controls. Also, HCFCs are to be phased out under the Protocol by 2030, but under the Regulation they must be phased out by 2010 for newly-produced material and 2015 for recycled material.
Mr. Breed: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many income- deprived rural wards there were in England and Wales in the last 10 years; and what percentage of wards this was. 
|Percentage of people in receipt of means-tested benefit||Number of rural wards|
|Less than 5||102|
|5 to less than 10||1,271|
|10 to less than 15||1,317|
|15 to less than 20||753|
|20 to less than 25||338|
|25 to less than 30||168|
|30 to less than 40||123|
|40 or more||25|
1. Analysis of figures for Wales is a matter for the Welsh Assembly Government.
2. Information for other years is not readily available.
3. The benefits and the year to which the data relate are:
adults in income support households for 1998; children in income support households for 1998; adults in income based jobseeker's allowance households for 1998; children in income based jobseeker's allowance households for 1998; adults in family credit households for 1999; children in family credit households for 1999; adults in disability working allowance households for 1999; children in disability working allowance households for 1999; non-earning, non-IS pensioner and disabled council tax benefit recipients for 1998.
4. People in receipt of more than one means-tested benefit are counted only once.
5. There is no agreed percentage above which areas are defined as income-deprived. The table therefore gives the number of rural wards in each percentage band.
6. There is variation between areas in the extent to which people who are eligible claim means-tested benefits.
Figures for numbers in receipt of benefits come from the Department for Work and Pensions and form the basis of the Index of Income Deprivation (a subset of the Index of Multiple Deprivation).
Classification of rural wards made by the Countryside Agency.
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Mr. Breed: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many households in rural areas lived below the poverty line in each of the last 12 years, broken down by constituency. 
Alun Michael: Information on the number of households below average income is not available for rural areas within each constituency. A table containing information on the percentage of people in receipt of means-tested benefit in rural wards in each constituency will be placed in the House of Commons Library.
Malcolm Bruce: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what plans she has to allocate additional funds for young people through (a) specific grants and (b) the revenue support grant to rural local authorities. 
Alun Michael: We work closely across Government to ensure that policies for children and young people take into account particular rural issues rather than allocating separate funds through such grant mechanisms. Both Sure Start and Connexions are good examples of Government programmes where the identification of specific rural needs have led to the policies being developed in ways that help meet those needs.
Mr. Breed: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many projects were funded and what amount of funding was given by her Department and its predecessor to research on disease mechanisms, broken down by category, in each of the last 10 years. 
Mr. Morley [holding answer 13 June 2002]: The level of DEFRA/MAFF funded research into veterinary science has increased from £20.7 million to £37.5 million per annum over the past ten years, 199293 to 200102 inclusive. The number of projects funded is relatively constant with 281 funded in 199292 and 294 in 200102.
|SE(7) (£)||FBZ(8) (£)||TB(9) (£)||Welfare(10) (£)||TSEs(11) (£)||Endemics(12) (£)||Vetmed(13) (£)||Total spend (£)||Total no. of projects|
(7) Statutory and exotic diseases
(8) Food borne zoonoses
(9) Bovine tuberculosis
(10) Animal welfare
(11) Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy
(12) Alternatives to pharmaceutical control of disease
(13) Veterinary medicines
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Mr. Breed: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what level of funding was provided by her Department and its predecessor to veterinary science research, broken down by category, in (a) cash and (b) at constant prices in each of the last 10 years. 
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Mr. Morley [holding answer 13 June 2002]: The level of funding into veterinary science research provided by DEFRA/MAFF over the last 10 years is provided in the table. This has increased from £20.7 million to £37.5 million per annum over the past 10 years, 199293 to 200102 inclusive.
|Total number of projects||281||284||267||274||277||299||279||308||301||294|
(14) Statutory and exotic diseases
(15) Food borne zoonoses
(16) Bovine tuberculosis
(17) Animal welfare
(18) Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy
(19) Alternatives to pharmaceutical control of disease
(20) Veterinary medicines
Mr. Breed: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what initiatives, broken down by category and amount, have received Agriculture Development Scheme funding over the last two years. 
Mr. Morley [holding answer 18 June 2002]: There have been three rounds of the Agriculture Development Scheme. For reasons of commercial confidentiality the amounts of individual awards are not published. The successful projects and the sectors to which they relate are listed below. A total of £7 million has been awarded: £2 million on 2 February 2000, £3 million on 14 August 2000 and a further £2 million on 18 February 2002.
|Pigs||Assured British Meat||National assurance database information and administration system (pigs module)|
|Pigs||Assured British Meat||ABM Assured British Pigs Scheme data merger|
|Pigs||BOCM Pauls Ltd.||Maximising pig carcase value|
|Pigs/organic||Eastbrook Farm Organic Meats Ltd.||Growing the organic pigmeat market from a UK production base|
|Pigs||Food Trak plc||Traceability in the pig meat supply chain|
|Pigs||JSR Farms Ltd.||Integrated pig meat supply initiative|
|Pigs||Ladies In Pigs||A catering colleges initiative to secure the future for British pigmeat in catering|
|Pigs||Meat and Livestock Commission||Project 2: improving supply chain communications|
|Pigs||National Pig Association||A risk management initiative for the UK pig industry|
|Pigs||United Pig Marketing||A shared IT and information system for UPM and its supply chain partners|
|Pigs||University of Aberdeen||A training package for the British pig industry using multi-media technology|
|Beef||Glendale Beef Producers||Glendale Beef Producers initiative|
|Beef/dairy||Warwickshire Quality Calves||Improving the value of beef calves from the dairy herd|
|Dairy||National Milk Records plc||Proposal for a south-west dairy information network|
|Dairy/organic||Organic Milk Suppliers Co-operative||Design and initial implementation of a novel technology transfer and quality management system on organic dairy farms|
|Dairy/speciality||Business Link Bradford and District||Feasibility study into potential for a yoghurt production facility for the Asian community|
|Eggs||British Free Range Egg Producers Association||British Free Range Egg Marketing Company Ltd.|
|Sheep||British Sheep Dairying Association||Implementation of structural development of the sheep dairy sector|
|Sheep/speciality||Business Link Bradford and District||New routes to new marketsinvestigation into ways of making better use of sheepmeat products to the benefit of producers|
|Wild Boar||The British Wild Boar Association||To improve collaborative marketing activity between primary and secondary producers of British farmed wild boar|
|Livestock general||Assured British Meat||Multiple retail caterersfood safety assurance module|
|Livestock general||Assured British Meat||Assurance chainfocus farms|
|Livestock general/ regional/speciality||Assured British Meat||Assurance and food heritage|
|Livestock general||Farmway Ltd.||Marketing co-operatively produced branded pork, beef and lamb through 'Farmway' co-operative stores: a feasibility study|
|Livestock general||Harper Adams University College||Building regional enterprise and agricultural competitiveness through IT (Breakthrough-IT)|
|Livestock general||Meadow Valley Livestock Ltd.||Improving farmers' efficiency and returns by directing them to market led, added value marketing schemes|
|Livestock general||South East Primestock Producers (SEPP) Ltd.||A plan for regional growth and farmer|
|Livestock general/ organic/speciality||Humane Slaughter Association||Mobile slaughter unit 2000|
|Nursery stock||Horticultural Trades Association||A project to influence structural change in the landscape supply chain to build value in the soft landscape market|
|Nursery stock||Horticultural Trades Association||A project to extend the HTA nursery certification scheme to include the inspection and supply of local provenance|
|Nursery stock||Horticultural Trades Association||A project to develop a greater understanding of the supply chain within the nurserystock sector|
|Onions||British Onion Producers Organisation||Sector analysis of the onion market|
|Potatoes||Hereward Growers||Collaborative marketing initiative|
|Soft fruit||Advanced Marketing Services Ltd.||Soft fruit development for category management|
|Soft fruit||The Berryworld Producers' Organisation Ltd.||Development of an integrated traceability system for the soft fruit industry|
|Tomatoes||Tomato Growers Association||Investigation into the development of an integrated quality management system for the British tomato industry|
|Top fruit||Fruition Group Ltd.||Rationalisation: the basis of a full category player|
|Horticulture general||Checkmate International||Benchmarking services for the EUREP GAP framework|
|Horticulture general||Institute of Grocery Distribution||Benchmarking the industry|
|Combinable crops||Samuel Rose Ltd.||Promoting vertical integration through farmer collaboration in agricultural supply chains|
|Combinable crops||United Grain Producers||The Marlborough Group (working together to improve farm incomes)|
|Farmers' markets||National Association of Farmers Markets||Together to market|
|Direct selling||Farm Retail Association||Red and green box scheme feasibility study|
|Viticulture||The Magpie Consultancy||Formation of a collaborative marketing company owned by producers and devoted to the marketing development of the wines and vineyards of England|
|Trout||Longford Estate||Co-ordinated approach to trout marketing|
|General||Plunkett Foundation||Increasing competitiveness in the farmer controlled business sector through the use of best practice benchmarking|
|General||Lantra||Increasing the competitiveness of the land based sector|
18 Jun 2002 : Column 209W
|Beef||Beef Improvement Grouping Ltd.||Stabiliser suckler beef dam lineaccelerated multiplication and selection|
|Beef||Mole Valley Farmers Ltd.||The Pilgrim Beef Project|
|Dairy||National Dairy Farm Assurance Scheme Ltd.||Re-assuring the milk supply chain|
|Eggs||British Free Range Egg Marketing Ltd.||Establishment of an internet based free range and organic egg inter-trading system in co-operation with Freedom Food Egg Guarantee Scheme (EGS)|
|Eggs||United Kingdom Egg Producers Association Ltd.||Enriched cagesimpact on future market strategy for independent poultry producers in the UK|
|Pigs||British Pig Association||Collaborative market research, benchmarking and marketing to increase sales of 'pedigree pork'|
|Pigs||Cotswold Pig and Development Company Ltd.||To manage the pig supply chain by introducing new business practices that increase the level of collaborative marketing|
|Pigs||Dalehead Foods Ltd.||Design and development of an e-supply chain|
|Pigs||Environment Agency||Wessex Outdoor Pig Partnership|
|Pigs||Meat and Livestock Commission||Collaborative Catering Pork Proposal|
|Pigs||University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne||A training package for the British pig industry using multi-media technology|
|Poultrymeatorganic||Sheepdrove Organic Farm||The Sheepdrove Organic Poultry Producer Group|
|Sheep||Meat and Livestock Commission||Northern Uplands Sheep StrategyTo improve the financial viability of hill sheep producers, by increasing the number of lambs meeting market requirements|
|Sheep||Messrs. Dixon||The Scrapie Resistant Swaledale Sheep Project|
|Veal||Anglo Dutch Meats (Charing) Ltd.||UK welfare friendly veal production for export under DBES|
|Veal||Rose Veal UK Ltd.||(Phase 2) Natural fed, freedom reared, welfare friendly, British veal|
|Venison||British Deer Farmers Association||Farmed Venison Production: Improving efficiency and standards in the supply chain by streamlining best practice transfer|
|Livestockgeneral||Meadow Valley Livestock Ltd.||Provision of specialist advice to pig producers; added value markets for beef and lamb.|
|Livestockgeneral||Rare Breeds Survival Trust||Traditional Breeds Meat Marketing Scheme (TBMMS)|
|Cereals||Glencore Grain UK Ltd.||Use of an internet tool to improve profitability of cereal production|
|Cereals||National Institute of Agricultural Botany||Benchmarking the market focus of the UK cereal producing sector|
|Cereals||United Grain Producers Ltd.||Improving the market awareness and competitive position of "Farmer Controlled Businesses" in the development and marketing of combinable crops|
|Top fruit||English Apples and Pears||Creation and validation of a maturity index for English dessert apples and pears|
|Ornamentals||EUROGRO||Workshops and training seminars under the agricultural development scheme second bidding round|
|Industrial crops||British Biogen||National Scheme For Energy Crop Marketing and Development|
|Fish||British Trout Association||Economic impact assessment of the UK trout industry|
|Other||First Honey Co-operative||Collaborative marketing of British honey; an initiative by First Honey Co-operative|
|General||Assured Food Standards||Developing the definitive authority for farm and food assurance|
|Farmers' markets||National Association of Farmers Markets||Marketing for Markets|
|General||National Farmers Union London||Improving competitiveness, building a better understanding of the food supply chain among farmers, growers and directors of FCBs.|
|Collaborative marketing||Plunkett Foundation||Collaborative Marketingworking together for profit|
18 Jun 2002 : Column 211W
|Beef||Beef Improvement Grouping Ltd. and Paragon||Beef Genetic Servicesa joint venture to enable central embryo transfer provision and maximum stabiliser multiplication rates.|
|Beef||Swindells Livestock Ltd. and Dickens Partnership||The production of quality beef from intensive vegetable production by-products, dairy calves, a by-product of the dairy industry and the investigating of marketing alternatives for this product using non-traditional market systems|
|Beef/dairy||Meadow Quality Ltd.||Facilitating integrated collaborative marketing; integrated suckler-cow beef supply chains; and enabling dairy farmers and rearers to be involved partners in improved English beef production.|
|Beef/dairy||UK Sire Services Ltd.||Promotion of the English beef and dairy gene pool|
|Dairy||Royal Association of British Dairy Farmers and Plunkett Foundation||Strengthening the competitiveness of English milk groupsimproved corporate governance through farmer-director development.|
|Pigs||PIC UK Ltd. on behalf of QSC Farmer Group||QSCquality supply chain|
|Pigs||Porcofram Marketing||Future marketing and production strategies|
|Sheep||British Charollais Sheep Society||To establish a central body, which acts as the main link between ram breeders, prime lamb producers, abattoirs, meat processors, retailers and consumers and lead to the consumption of improved quality lamb from farms, which are selected by consumers.|
|Sheep||Meat and Livestock Commission||Northern Upland Sheep StrategyPhase 2|
|Livestock/general||Freedom Food||Freedom Food Direct: A new model for animal agriculture.|
|Livestock/general||Oxlot Ltd.||21st century Livestock Marketing: Live real time on line market auction.|
|General/regional food||South West Regional Food and Drink Group||South West Food Plusa pilot model for a regional food trade organisation.|
|General||Farmers First plc||The establishment of Aria foods and the introduction of meat chips into the UK Market.|
|General||Model Farm Society||Model farm society|
|General||Royal Agricultural Society of England||Farmer controlled businesses: raising the game|
18 Jun 2002 : Column 213W
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