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Research Projects

Mr. Peter Ainsworth: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (1) what research projects sponsored and undertaken by her Department have been (a) cancelled and (b) postponed in the last three months; [60385]

Margaret Beckett: The creation of DEFRA has brought together research, monitoring, surveillance and advisory programmes totalling in excess of £250 million annually. We are currently reviewing our science programmes and strategy following the recent appointment of a new Chief Scientific Adviser and in the light of the aims and objectives of the new Department.

Ozone-depleting Substances

Mr. Brady: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what representations her Department has made to the European Commission seeking the promotion of non-ozone depleting alternative refrigerants. [60880]

Mr. Meacher: The Department has not made any direct representations to the Commission on this issue. However, my officials meet regularly with counterparts from other EC member states and the European Commission to discuss issues arising from EC Regulation 2037–2000 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. They are taking an active part as members of the European Commission's "European Climate Change Programme (ECCP) Working Group Industry, Work Item Fluorinated Gases", which considers policies and

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measures on fluorinated gases such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) to enable the European Community to meet its commitments under the Kyoto Protocol.

On 23 October 2001, the Commission adopted the Communication on the implementation of the first phase of the ECCP. This includes a proposal to bring forward legislation designed to reduce emissions of fluorinated greenhouse gases, including HFCs, along the lines recommended in the report of the Working Group. The Environment Council, at its meeting of 12 December 2001, supported the Commission's proposal for legislative action.

The European Commission expects to publish a first draft of the legislation this Autumn. By implementing regulatory action on ozone depleting substances, as well as on HFCs which replace them in applications such as refrigeration, I anticipate a greater use of refrigerants which have no ozone-depleting potential and do not significantly contribute to climate change.

Mr. Brady: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what action her Department is taking to persuade the European Commission to accelerate the phase-out dates for ozone depleting substances. [60879]

Mr. Meacher: My officials meet regularly with counterparts from other EC member states and the European Commission to discuss issues arising from EC Regulation 2037–2000 which implements the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. Together with the European Commission, the UK and other member states consider possible EC proposals for improving and strengthening the Protocol.

EC Regulation 2037–2000 already imposes on the UK and other member states significantly stricter controls on the production, sale and use of ozone-depleting substances than are required of other Parties to the Protocol. For example, the Regulation bans the use of CFCs in the servicing of existing equipment, where the Protocol only concerns itself with their production and supply to the market and imposes no use controls. Also, HCFCs are to be phased out under the Protocol by 2030, but under the Regulation they must be phased out by 2010 for newly-produced material and 2015 for recycled material.

Rural Economy

Mr. Breed: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many income- deprived rural wards there were in England and Wales in the last 10 years; and what percentage of wards this was. [60862]

Alun Michael: Information on the percentage of people in receipt of means-tested benefits in rural wards in England is contained in the table.

Percentage of people in receipt of means-tested benefit Number of rural wards
Less than 5102
5 to less than 101,271
10 to less than 151,317
15 to less than 20753
20 to less than 25338
25 to less than 30168
30 to less than 40123
40 or more25


1. Analysis of figures for Wales is a matter for the Welsh Assembly Government.

2. Information for other years is not readily available.

3. The benefits and the year to which the data relate are:

adults in income support households for 1998; children in income support households for 1998; adults in income based jobseeker's allowance households for 1998; children in income based jobseeker's allowance households for 1998; adults in family credit households for 1999; children in family credit households for 1999; adults in disability working allowance households for 1999; children in disability working allowance households for 1999; non-earning, non-IS pensioner and disabled council tax benefit recipients for 1998.

4. People in receipt of more than one means-tested benefit are counted only once.

5. There is no agreed percentage above which areas are defined as income-deprived. The table therefore gives the number of rural wards in each percentage band.

6. There is variation between areas in the extent to which people who are eligible claim means-tested benefits.


Figures for numbers in receipt of benefits come from the Department for Work and Pensions and form the basis of the Index of Income Deprivation (a subset of the Index of Multiple Deprivation).

Classification of rural wards made by the Countryside Agency.

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Mr. Breed: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many households in rural areas lived below the poverty line in each of the last 12 years, broken down by constituency. [60865]

Alun Michael: Information on the number of households below average income is not available for rural areas within each constituency. A table containing information on the percentage of people in receipt of means-tested benefit in rural wards in each constituency will be placed in the House of Commons Library.

Malcolm Bruce: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what plans she has to allocate additional funds for young people through (a) specific grants and (b) the revenue support grant to rural local authorities. [61174]

Alun Michael: We work closely across Government to ensure that policies for children and young people take into account particular rural issues rather than allocating separate funds through such grant mechanisms. Both Sure Start and Connexions are good examples of Government programmes where the identification of specific rural needs have led to the policies being developed in ways that help meet those needs.


Mr. Breed: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many projects were funded and what amount of funding was given by her Department and its predecessor to research on disease mechanisms, broken down by category, in each of the last 10 years. [61171]

Mr. Morley [holding answer 13 June 2002]: The level of DEFRA/MAFF funded research into veterinary science has increased from £20.7 million to £37.5 million per annum over the past ten years, 1992–93 to 2001–02 inclusive. The number of projects funded is relatively constant with 281 funded in 1992–92 and 294 in 2001–02.

A summary of the number of projects and annual costs broken down by disease category is as follows.

DEFRA/MAFF funded veterinary research

SE(7) (£)FBZ(8) (£)TB(9) (£)Welfare(10) (£)TSEs(11) (£)Endemics(12) (£)Vetmed(13) (£)Total spend (£)Total no. of projects

(7) Statutory and exotic diseases

(8) Food borne zoonoses

(9) Bovine tuberculosis

(10) Animal welfare

(11) Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

(12) Alternatives to pharmaceutical control of disease

(13) Veterinary medicines

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Mr. Breed: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what level of funding was provided by her Department and its predecessor to veterinary science research, broken down by category, in (a) cash and (b) at constant prices in each of the last 10 years. [61193]

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Mr. Morley [holding answer 13 June 2002]: The level of funding into veterinary science research provided by DEFRA/MAFF over the last 10 years is provided in the table. This has increased from £20.7 million to £37.5 million per annum over the past 10 years, 1992–93 to 2001–02 inclusive.

DEFRA/MAFF funded veterinary research

Total spend20,767,08623,326,31923,104,23723,042,07624,444,24027,140,21229,709,22934,126,57434,243,01337,576,794
Total number of projects281284267274277299279308301294

(14) Statutory and exotic diseases

(15) Food borne zoonoses

(16) Bovine tuberculosis

(17) Animal welfare

(18) Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

(19) Alternatives to pharmaceutical control of disease

(20) Veterinary medicines

Mr. Breed: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what initiatives, broken down by category and amount, have received Agriculture Development Scheme funding over the last two years. [61176]

Mr. Morley [holding answer 18 June 2002]: There have been three rounds of the Agriculture Development Scheme. For reasons of commercial confidentiality the amounts of individual awards are not published. The successful projects and the sectors to which they relate are listed below. A total of £7 million has been awarded: £2 million on 2 February 2000, £3 million on 14 August 2000 and a further £2 million on 18 February 2002.

First round: £2 million of awards announced 2 February 2000

SectorLead organisationProject
PigsAssured British MeatNational assurance database information and administration system (pigs module)
PigsAssured British MeatABM Assured British Pigs Scheme data merger
PigsBOCM Pauls Ltd.Maximising pig carcase value
Pigs/organicEastbrook Farm Organic Meats Ltd.Growing the organic pigmeat market from a UK production base
PigsFood Trak plcTraceability in the pig meat supply chain
PigsJSR Farms Ltd.Integrated pig meat supply initiative
PigsLadies In PigsA catering colleges initiative to secure the future for British pigmeat in catering
PigsMeat and Livestock CommissionProject 2: improving supply chain communications
PigsNational Pig AssociationA risk management initiative for the UK pig industry
PigsUnited Pig MarketingA shared IT and information system for UPM and its supply chain partners
PigsUniversity of AberdeenA training package for the British pig industry using multi-media technology
BeefGlendale Beef ProducersGlendale Beef Producers initiative
Beef/dairyWarwickshire Quality CalvesImproving the value of beef calves from the dairy herd
DairyNational Milk Records plcProposal for a south-west dairy information network
Dairy/organicOrganic Milk Suppliers Co-operativeDesign and initial implementation of a novel technology transfer and quality management system on organic dairy farms
Dairy/specialityBusiness Link Bradford and DistrictFeasibility study into potential for a yoghurt production facility for the Asian community
EggsBritish Free Range Egg Producers AssociationBritish Free Range Egg Marketing Company Ltd.
SheepBritish Sheep Dairying AssociationImplementation of structural development of the sheep dairy sector
Sheep/specialityBusiness Link Bradford and DistrictNew routes to new markets—investigation into ways of making better use of sheepmeat products to the benefit of producers
Wild BoarThe British Wild Boar AssociationTo improve collaborative marketing activity between primary and secondary producers of British farmed wild boar
Livestock generalAssured British MeatMultiple retail caterers—food safety assurance module
Livestock generalAssured British MeatAssurance chain—focus farms
Livestock general/ regional/specialityAssured British MeatAssurance and food heritage
Livestock generalFarmway Ltd.Marketing co-operatively produced branded pork, beef and lamb through 'Farmway' co-operative stores: a feasibility study
Livestock generalHarper Adams University CollegeBuilding regional enterprise and agricultural competitiveness through IT (Breakthrough-IT)
Livestock generalMeadow Valley Livestock Ltd.Improving farmers' efficiency and returns by directing them to market led, added value marketing schemes
Livestock generalSouth East Primestock Producers (SEPP) Ltd.A plan for regional growth and farmer
Livestock general/ organic/specialityHumane Slaughter AssociationMobile slaughter unit 2000
Nursery stockHorticultural Trades AssociationA project to influence structural change in the landscape supply chain to build value in the soft landscape market
Nursery stockHorticultural Trades AssociationA project to extend the HTA nursery certification scheme to include the inspection and supply of local provenance
Nursery stockHorticultural Trades AssociationA project to develop a greater understanding of the supply chain within the nurserystock sector
OnionsBritish Onion Producers OrganisationSector analysis of the onion market
PotatoesHereward GrowersCollaborative marketing initiative
Soft fruitAdvanced Marketing Services Ltd.Soft fruit development for category management
Soft fruitThe Berryworld Producers' Organisation Ltd.Development of an integrated traceability system for the soft fruit industry
TomatoesTomato Growers AssociationInvestigation into the development of an integrated quality management system for the British tomato industry
Top fruitFruition Group Ltd.Rationalisation: the basis of a full category player
Horticulture generalCheckmate InternationalBenchmarking services for the EUREP GAP framework
Horticulture generalInstitute of Grocery DistributionBenchmarking the industry
Combinable cropsSamuel Rose Ltd.Promoting vertical integration through farmer collaboration in agricultural supply chains
Combinable cropsUnited Grain ProducersThe Marlborough Group (working together to improve farm incomes)
Farmers' marketsNational Association of Farmers MarketsTogether to market
Direct sellingFarm Retail AssociationRed and green box scheme feasibility study
ViticultureThe Magpie ConsultancyFormation of a collaborative marketing company owned by producers and devoted to the marketing development of the wines and vineyards of England
TroutLongford EstateCo-ordinated approach to trout marketing
GeneralPlunkett FoundationIncreasing competitiveness in the farmer controlled business sector through the use of best practice benchmarking
GeneralLantraIncreasing the competitiveness of the land based sector

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Second round: £3 million of awards announced 14 August 2000

Sector Lead organisationProject
BeefBeef Improvement Grouping Ltd.Stabiliser suckler beef dam line—accelerated multiplication and selection
BeefMole Valley Farmers Ltd.The Pilgrim Beef Project
DairyNational Dairy Farm Assurance Scheme Ltd.Re-assuring the milk supply chain
EggsBritish Free Range Egg Marketing Ltd.Establishment of an internet based free range and organic egg inter-trading system in co-operation with Freedom Food Egg Guarantee Scheme (EGS)
EggsUnited Kingdom Egg Producers Association Ltd.Enriched cages—impact on future market strategy for independent poultry producers in the UK
PigsBritish Pig AssociationCollaborative market research, benchmarking and marketing to increase sales of 'pedigree pork'
PigsCotswold Pig and Development Company Ltd.To manage the pig supply chain by introducing new business practices that increase the level of collaborative marketing
PigsDalehead Foods Ltd.Design and development of an e-supply chain
PigsEnvironment AgencyWessex Outdoor Pig Partnership
PigsMeat and Livestock CommissionCollaborative Catering Pork Proposal
PigsUniversity of Newcastle-upon-TyneA training package for the British pig industry using multi-media technology
Poultrymeat—organicSheepdrove Organic FarmThe Sheepdrove Organic Poultry Producer Group
SheepMeat and Livestock CommissionNorthern Uplands Sheep Strategy—To improve the financial viability of hill sheep producers, by increasing the number of lambs meeting market requirements
SheepMessrs. DixonThe Scrapie Resistant Swaledale Sheep Project
VealAnglo Dutch Meats (Charing) Ltd.UK welfare friendly veal production for export under DBES
VealRose Veal UK Ltd.(Phase 2) Natural fed, freedom reared, welfare friendly, British veal
VenisonBritish Deer Farmers AssociationFarmed Venison Production: Improving efficiency and standards in the supply chain by streamlining best practice transfer
Livestock—generalMeadow Valley Livestock Ltd.Provision of specialist advice to pig producers; added value markets for beef and lamb.
Livestock—generalRare Breeds Survival TrustTraditional Breeds Meat Marketing Scheme (TBMMS)
CerealsGlencore Grain UK Ltd.Use of an internet tool to improve profitability of cereal production
CerealsNational Institute of Agricultural BotanyBenchmarking the market focus of the UK cereal producing sector
CerealsUnited Grain Producers Ltd.Improving the market awareness and competitive position of "Farmer Controlled Businesses" in the development and marketing of combinable crops
Top fruitEnglish Apples and PearsCreation and validation of a maturity index for English dessert apples and pears
OrnamentalsEUROGROWorkshops and training seminars under the agricultural development scheme second bidding round
Industrial cropsBritish BiogenNational Scheme For Energy Crop Marketing and Development
FishBritish Trout AssociationEconomic impact assessment of the UK trout industry
OtherFirst Honey Co-operativeCollaborative marketing of British honey; an initiative by First Honey Co-operative
GeneralAssured Food StandardsDeveloping the definitive authority for farm and food assurance
Farmers' marketsNational Association of Farmers MarketsMarketing for Markets
GeneralNational Farmers Union LondonImproving competitiveness, building a better understanding of the food supply chain among farmers, growers and directors of FCBs.
Collaborative marketingPlunkett FoundationCollaborative Marketing—working together for profit

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Third round: £2 million of awards announced 18 February 2002

SectorLead organisationProject
BeefBeef Improvement Grouping Ltd. and ParagonBeef Genetic Services—a joint venture to enable central embryo transfer provision and maximum stabiliser multiplication rates.
BeefSwindells Livestock Ltd. and Dickens PartnershipThe production of quality beef from intensive vegetable production by-products, dairy calves, a by-product of the dairy industry and the investigating of marketing alternatives for this product using non-traditional market systems
Beef/dairyMeadow Quality Ltd.Facilitating integrated collaborative marketing; integrated suckler-cow beef supply chains; and enabling dairy farmers and rearers to be involved partners in improved English beef production.
Beef/dairyUK Sire Services Ltd.Promotion of the English beef and dairy gene pool
DairyRoyal Association of British Dairy Farmers and Plunkett FoundationStrengthening the competitiveness of English milk groups—improved corporate governance through farmer-director development.
PigsPIC UK Ltd. on behalf of QSC Farmer GroupQSC—quality supply chain
PigsPorcofram MarketingFuture marketing and production strategies
SheepBritish Charollais Sheep SocietyTo establish a central body, which acts as the main link between ram breeders, prime lamb producers, abattoirs, meat processors, retailers and consumers and lead to the consumption of improved quality lamb from farms, which are selected by consumers.
SheepMeat and Livestock CommissionNorthern Upland Sheep Strategy—Phase 2
Livestock/generalFreedom FoodFreedom Food Direct: A new model for animal agriculture.
Livestock/generalOxlot Ltd.21st century Livestock Marketing: Live real time on line market auction.
General/regional foodSouth West Regional Food and Drink GroupSouth West Food Plus—a pilot model for a regional food trade organisation.
GeneralFarmers First plcThe establishment of Aria foods and the introduction of meat chips into the UK Market.
GeneralModel Farm SocietyModel farm society
GeneralRoyal Agricultural Society of EnglandFarmer controlled businesses: raising the game

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