Previous Section Index Home Page


WORK AND PENSIONS

Pensions

Mr. Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what proportion of single male pensioners aged (a) 70 and under, (b) 71 to 75, (c) 76 to 80 and (d) over 80 years had an income below 60 per cent. of the median income in each of the last 10 years. [53803]

Mr. McCartney: The information is not available in the format requested. Such information as is available is in the table.

Proportion of single male pensioners below 60 per cent. of median
Percentage of pensioners

Income threshold: 60 per cent. of median
Before housing costsAfter housing costs
Including the self-employed
1991–922330
1992–931828
1993–94 1726
1994–951723
1995–961722
1996–971725
1997–981828
1998–991828
1999–20001826
2000–011624
Excluding the self-employed
1991–922129
1992–931828
1993–94 1625
1994–951622
1995–961621
1996–971624
1997–981828
1998–991727
1999–20001825
2000–011623

Notes:

1. All figures are estimates and are taken from the Households Below Average Income (HBAI) series. From 1991–92 to 1993–94 data are derived from the Family Expenditure Survey (two calendar years combined for 1991–92 and 1992–93 and two financial years combined for 1993–94). From 1994–95 to 2000–01, data is derived from the Family Resources Survey and represents singe financial years. The Family Resources Survey does not include Northern Ireland, and the latest year for which data are available is 2000–01.

2. The estimates are sample counts, which have been adjusted for non-response using multipurpose grossing factors. Estimates are subject to both sample error and to variable in non-response. The income measure used is weekly net (disposable) equivalised household income (that is to say income that is adjusted to reflect the composition of the household).

3. The estimates are presented on both a Before Housing Costs (BHC) and an After Housing Costs (AHC) basis in line with HBAI conventions. Figures are provided excluding the self-employed, as research suggests that, for self-employed people, income as reported in surveys is often a poor indicator of living standards. HBAI convention is to present results excluding the self-employed, presenting results including the self-employed where the two differ.


2 May 2002 : Column 969W

Mr. Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions if he will set out the differences in eligibility criteria for each category of people claiming the (a) basic state pension and (b) state second pension. [52100]

Mr. McCartney: People can qualify for a full basic state pension on reaching state pension age providing they make a claim and satisfy the following contribution conditions:


People can qualify for additional pension through the state second pension payable at state pension age if they are:


2 May 2002 : Column 970W

Mr. Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what percentage of pensioner couples where the age of the head of the household was (a) 70 and under, (b) 71 to 75, (c) 76 to 80 and (d) over 80 years had an income in (i) the bottom income quintile, (ii) the second bottom income quintile, (iii) the middle income quintile, (iv) the second top income quintile and (v) the top income quintile, in each of the past 10 years. [53811]

Mr. McCartney: The information is not available in the format requested. Such information as is available is in the tables.

Percentage distribution of income for individuals living in pensioners couples by age—excluding the self-employed
Percentage of pensioners

Net equivalised disposable household income
Bottom quintileSecond quintileThird quintileFourth quintileTop quintileTotal
Before housing costs
Pensioner couples
1991–9228282113115.1
1992–9325292114115.2
1993–9424312112125.2
1994–9524292115115.1
1995–9627262115115.1
1996–9723292115125.1
1997–9824282214125.2
1998–9927262015125.2
1999–200024292114115.2
2000–0126272114125.2
of which:
Head aged 70 and under
1991–9221262417122.4
1992–9320272316142.4
1993–9418312313152.3
1994–9518282318142.1
1995–9621242417142.2
1996–9716272319162.2
1997–9818262318152.3
1998–9920252218152.3
1999–200017272318152.3
2000–0119262317152.2
Head aged 71 to 75
1991–9231282110111.3
1992–9326272115111.4
1993–9427311913111.5
1994–952630201491.6
1995–9628301913101.6
1996–9725292113131.5
1997–9828311911111.4
1998–9928282014101.5
1999–200026322012101.5
2000–012827221491.4
Head aged 76 to 80
1991–92372519990.9
1992–93353120770.9
1993–94303121990.9
1994–953226211190.8
1995–963823181280.8
1996–973031211360.9
1997–983128211270.9
1998–993628161380.9
1999–20003229201271.0
2000–013327191291.0
Head aged over 80
1991–92324211870.5
1992–932739171070.5
1993–943527199100.5
1994–953231201070.6
1995–963625201080.6
1996–973133171090.6
1997–982830221280.6
1998–993727121490.5
1999–2000392622760.5
2000–013430169100.6

2 May 2002 : Column 971W

Net equivalised disposable household income
Bottom quintileSecond quintileThird quintileFourth quintileTop quintileTotal
After housing costs
Pensioner couples
1991–9223282015145.1
1992–9320282216145.2
1993–9420302214155.2
1994–9519282316135.1
1995–9619292216145.1
1996–9716302217145.1
1997–9818292317135.2
1998–9918292216155.2
1999–200018292316135.2
2000–0119272217155.2
of which:
Head aged 70 and under
1991–9216252320162.4
1992–9314272418162.4
1993–9414302315172.3
1994–9514252619162.1
1995–9614252519172.2
1996–9712262421172.2
1997–9812252421172.3
1998–9914242419192.3
1999–200013252321182.3
2000–0114242421182.2
Head aged 71 to 75
1991–9226282012141.3
1992–9322262116141.4
1993–9422311915131.5
1994–9520292316111.6
1995–9619322215121.6
1996–9718312214141.5
1997–9820342213121.4
1998–9918312315121.5
1999–200018322414111.5
2000–0121282415131.4
Head aged 76 to 80
1991–9229292010110.9
1992–933130211180.9
1993–9426292311110.9
1994–9527292012120.8
1995–9626311813110.8
1996–972135211570.9
1997–982628221590.9
1998–9924341813100.9
1999–200020362113101.0
2000–0124292113131.0
Head aged over 80
1991–9238389980.5
1992–932835161390.5
1993–942731219120.5
1994–952633211280.6
1995–9629302012100.6
1996–9726361712100.6
1997–982432201580.6
1998–9928321413130.5
1999–20003231221060.5
2000–0127351611110.6

Notes:

1. All figures are estimates and are taken from the Households Below Average Income (HBAI) series. From 1991–92 to 1993–94 data are derived from the Family Expenditure Survey (two calendar years combined for 1991–92 and 1992–93 and two financial years combined for 1993–94) and relates to the UK. From 1994–95 to 2000–01, data are derived from the Family Resources Survey and represents single financial years. The Family Resources Survey does not include Northern Ireland, and the latest year for which data are available is 2000–01.

2. The estimates are sample counts, which have been adjusted for non-response using multipurpose grossing factors. Estimates are subject to both sampling error and to variability in non-response. The income measures used is weekly net (disposable) equivalised household income (that is to say income that is adjusted to reflect the composition of the household).

3. The estimates are presented on both a Before Housing Costs (BHC) and an After Housing Costs (AHC) basis in line with HBAI conventions. Figures are provided excluding the self-employed, as research suggests that, for self-employed people, income as reported in surveys is often a poor indicator of living standards. HBAI convention is to present results excluding the self-employed, presenting results including the self-employed where the two differ significantly.


2 May 2002 : Column 973W

Mr. Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what proportion of single female pensioners aged (a) 70 and under, (b) 71 to 75, (c) 76 to 80 and (d) over 80 years had an income below 60 per cent. of the median income in each of the last 10 years. [53813]

Mr. McCartney: The information is not available in the format requested. Such information as is available is provided in the table.

Proportion of single female pensioners below 60 per cent. of median income
Percentage of pensioners

Income threshold: 60 per cent. of median
Before housing costsAfter housing costs
Including the self-employed
1991–923142
1992–932636
1993–942534
1994–952533
1995–962429
1996–972535
1997–982534
1998–992434
1999–20002432
2000–012330
Excluding the self-employed
1991–922942
1992–932636
1993–942433
1994–952431
1995–962328
1996–972433
1997–982433
1998–992332
1999–20002431
2000–012329

Notes:

1. All figures are estimates and are taken from the Households Below Average Income (HBAI) series. From 1991–92 to 1993–94 data are derived from the Family Expenditure Survey (two calendar years combined for 1991–92 and 1992–93 and two financial years combined for 1993–94). From 1994–95 to 2000–01, data are derived from the Family Resources Survey and represents single financial years. The Family Resources Survey does not include Northern Ireland, and the latest year for which data are available is 2000–01.

2. The estimates are sample counts, which have been adjusted for non-response using multipurpose grossing factors that control for tenure, council tax band and a number of other variables. Estimates are subject to both sampling error and to variability in non-response. The income measure used is weekly net (disposable) equivalised household income (that is to say income that is adjusted to reflect the composition of the household).

3. The estimates are presented on both a Before Housing Costs (BHC) and an After Housing Costs (AHC) basis in line with HBAI conventions. Figures are provided excluding the self-employed, as research suggests that, for self-employed people, income as reported in surveys is often a poor indicator of living standards. HBAI convention is to present results excluding the self-employed, presenting results including the self-employed where the two differ.


2 May 2002 : Column 975W

Mr. Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what percentage of single male pensioners aged (a) 70 and under, (b) 71 to 75, (c) 76 to 80 and (d) over 80 years had an income in (i) the bottom

2 May 2002 : Column 976W

income quintile, (ii) the second bottom income quintile, (iii) the middle income quintile, (iv) the second top income quintile and (v) the top income quintile, in each of the past 10 years. [53810]

Mr. McCartney: The information is not available in the format requested. Such information as is available is in the table.

Percentage distribution of income for single male pensioners, excluding the self-employed

Net equivalised disposable household income
Bottom quintileSecond quintileThird quintileFourth quintileTop quintileTotal
Before housing costs
1991–9221391611130.9
1992–9319401612130.9
1993–9421371812120.9
1994–9521342312100.9
1995–962135231390.9
1996–9719312515100.9
1997–982136191580.9
1998–992135211390.9
1999–200021332115111.0
2000–0120332115101.0
After housing costs
1991–9218361614160.9
1992–9316401513170.9
1993–9415391713160.9
1994–9516361914150.9
1995–9614392015130.9
1996–9714342118140.9
1997–9817361915120.9
1998–9919332016120.9
1999–200016351915151.0
2000–0117322016151.0

Notes:

1. All figures are estimates and are taken from the Households Below Average Income (HBAI) series. From 1991–92 to 1993–94 data are derived from the Family Expenditure Survey (two calendar years combined for 1991–92 to 1992–03 and two financial years combined for 1993–94) and relates to the UK. From the 1994–95 to 2000–01, data are derived from the Family Resources Survey and represents single financial years. The Family Resources Survey does not include Northern Ireland, and the latest year for which data are available is 2000–01.

2. The estimates are sample counts, which have been adjusted for non-response using multipurpose grossing factors. Estimates are subject to both sampling error and to variability in non-response. The income measure used is weekly net (disposable) equivalised household income (that is to say income that is adjusted to reflect the composition of the household).

3. The estimates are presented on both a Before Housing Costs (BHC) and After Housing Costs (AHC) basis in line with HBAI conventions. Figures are provided excluding the self-employed, as research suggests that, for self-employed people, income as reported in surveys is often a poor indicator of living standards. HBAI convention is to present results excluding the self-employed, presenting results including the self-employed where the two differ significantly.

4. As a result of the small sample sizes associated with breaking down male pensioners according to age, only the overall distribution has been presented above. While sample sizes are adequate for point-in-time estimates, it is unlikely that a time series would have any validity as a guide to changes over time. The information for 200–01 can be found in the publication 'Households Below Average Income 1994–95 to 2000–01', a copy of which can be found in the House of Commons Library.


Mr. Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what proportion of pensioner couples had an income below 60 per cent. of the median income in each of the last 10 years where the head of the family was aged (a) 70 and under, (b) 71 to 75, (c) 76 to 80 and (d) over 80 years. [53804]

Mr. McCartney: The information is not available in the format requested. Such information as is available is provided in the tables.

Proportion of individuals in pensioner couples below 60 per cent. of median income, including the self-employed

Percentage of pensioners
Income threshold: 60 per cent. of medianBefore housing costsAfter housing costs
1991–922927
1992–932425
1993–942225
1994–951923
1995–962123
1996–972022
1997–982123
1998–992322
1999–20002122
2000–012222

2 May 2002 : Column 977W

Proportion of individuals in pensioner couples below 60 per cent. of median income, excluding the self-employed

Percentage of pensioners
Income threshold: 60 per cent. of medianBefore housing costsAfter housing costs
1991–922827
1992–932425
1993–942124
1994–951822
1995–962123
1996–971922
1997–982023
1998–992222
1999–20002022
2000–012121

Notes:

1. All figures are estimates and are taken from the Households Below Average Income (HBA1) series. From 1991–92 to 1993–94 data are derived from the Family Expenditure Survey (two calendar years combined for 1991–92 and 1992–93 and two financial years combined for 1993–94). From 1994–95 to 2000–01, data are derived from the Family Resources Survey and represents single financial years. The Family Resources Survey does not include Northern Ireland, and the latest year for which data are available is 2000–01.

2. The estimates are sample counts, which have been adjusted for non-response using multi-purpose grossing factors. Estimates are subject to both sampling error and to variability in non-response. The income measure used is weekly net (disposable) equivalised household income (that is to say income that is adjusted to reflect the composition of the household).

3. The estimates are presented on both a Before Housing Costs (BHC) and an After Housing Costs (AHC) basis in line with HBAI conventions. Figures are provided excluding the self-employed, as research suggests that, for self-employed people, income as reported in surveys is often a poor indicator of living standards. HBAI convention is to present results excluding the self-employed, presenting results including the self-employed where the two differ.


2 May 2002 : Column 978W

Mr. Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what percentage of single female pensioners aged (a) 70 and under, (b) 71 to 75, (c) 76 to 80 and (d) over 80 years had an income in (i) the bottom income quintile, (ii) the second bottom income quintile, (iii) the middle income quintile, (iv) the second top income quintile and (v) the top income quintile, in each of the past 10 years. [53809]

Mr. McCartney: The information is in the tables.

Percentage distribution of income for single female pensioners by age, excluding the self-employed

Net equivalised disposable household income
Before housing costs:Bottom quintileSecond quintileThird quintileFourth quintileTop quintileTotal
Single female pensioners
1991–92293816983.5
1992–932740161073.4
1993–942737171273.4
1994–952935181263.3
1995–962834191463.2
1996–972734201273.2
1997–982733201373.2
1998–992733211363.2
1999–20002731211473.1
2000–012733201363.1
of which: aged 70 and under
1991–9224361811111.2
1992–9322371911101.1
1993–9421381812111.1
1994–9523351913101.1
1995–962335191581.0
1996–972234221381.0
1997–982033221691.0
1998–992233221491.0
1999–200021332214101.0
2000–012433211491.0
aged 71 to 75
1991–923534131170.7
1992–933139151060.8
1993–943336141250.7
1994–952836191160.7
1995–962734201450.8
1996–972836181260.7
1997–982935191160.6
1998–993135191140.7
1999–20003131201340.6
2000–012535211360.6
aged 76 to 80
1991–92304213860.8
1992–933141131060.8
1993–94324016940.7
1994–953337161130.6
1995–963434171140.6
1996–97303519960.6
1997–983132211060.7
1998–992836191350.7
1999–20003034191240.7
2000–012934191440.7
aged over 80
1991–92313916680.8
1992–93284217850.8
1993–942836181250.9
1994–953332181250.9
1995–963032191450.9
1996–972932211350.8
1997–983031201350.9
1998–992931211550.8
1999–20002827231660.8
2000–013031201360.8

2 May 2002 : Column 979W

Percentage distribution of income for single female pensioners by age, excluding the self-employed

Net equivalised disposable household income
After housing costs:Bottom quintileSecond quintileThird quintileFourth quintileTop quintileTotal
Single female pensioners
1991–9227351512113.5
1992–9322391712103.4
1993–9422391713103.4
1994–952338161393.3
1995–962038181593.2
1996–971839191493.2
1997–982235191593.2
1998–992332211593.2
1999–200022322016103.1
2000–0123312115103.1
of which: aged 70 and under
1991–9225291813151.2
1992–9321341713161.1
1993–9419341813161.1
1994–9520341815131.1
1995–9619361914131.0
1996–9717351916121.0
1997–9819302018131.0
1998–9919292315141.0
1999–200020292114161.0
2000–0122292015131.0
aged 71 to 75
1991–9230371112110.7
1992–932639141470.8
1993–9429351511100.7
1994–952439161380.7
1995–961936211490.8
1996–971940191390.7
1997–982436171480.6
1998–992933171460.7
1999–20002433191670.6
2000–012426241690.6
aged 76 to 80
1991–923237121280.8
1992–93234316980.8
1993–942045191060.7
1994–952742141250.6
1995–962342151370.6
1996–972042191280.6
1997–982238191380.7
1998–992533201670.7
1999–20002435201570.7
2000–012134221580.7
aged over 80
1991–922340181090.8
1992–932043191070.8
1993–941943161580.9
1994–952340171370.9
1995–962137181770.9
1996–971841191670.8
1997–982337181570.9
1998–991936201770.8
1999–20002033201880.8
2000–012434201580.8

Notes:

1. All figures are estimates and are taken from the Households Below Average Income (HBAI) series. From 1991–92 to 1993–94 data are derived from the Family Expenditure Survey (two calendar years combined for 1991–92 and 1992–93 and two financial years combined for 1993–94) and relates to the UK. From 1994–95 to 2000–01, data are derived from the Family Resources Survey and represents single financial years. The Family Resources Survey does not include Northern Ireland, and the latest year for which data are available is 2000–01.

2. The estimates are sample counts, which have been adjusted for non-response using multi-purpose grossing factors. Estimates are subject to both sampling error and to variability in non-response. The income measure used is weekly net (disposable) equivalised household income (that is to say income that is adjusted to reflect the composition of the household).

3. The estimates are presented on both a Before Housing Costs (BHC) and an After Housing Costs (AHC) basis in line with HBAI conventions. Figures are provided excluding the self-employed, as research suggests that, for self-employed people, income as reported in surveys is often a poor indicator of living standards. HBAI convention is to present results excluding the self-employed, presenting results including the self-employed where the two differ significantly.


2 May 2002 : Column 981W

Mr. Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what proportion of pensioner households had an income below 60 per cent. of the median income in each of the last 10 years. [53812]

Mr. McCartney: Such information as is available can be found in the publication "Households Below Average Income 1994–95 to 2000–01" a copy of which is held in the Library.


Next Section Index Home Page