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Development Assistance

Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what her estimate is of overseas aid expenditure per capita in developing countries in each year since 1990; and if she will make a statement. [26694]

Clare Short: Official development assistance (ODA) per capita for all donors combined is given in the table. This shows a decline from US$14.1 in 1990 to a low of US$10.4 per capita in 1997, followed by a rise to US$11.0 per capita in 1999, the latest year for which figures are available.

US$

Per capita ODA
199014.1
199114.8
199214.4
199313.0
199413.6
199513.1
199612.3
199710.4
199810.8
199911.0

Source:

OECD-Development Assistance Committee statistics


15 Jan 2002 : Column 137W

The table shows figures in current prices for each year shown. The drop in per capita ODA is steeper if expressed in constant price terms.

Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development whether it is her policy to raise overseas aid expenditure as a share of gross national product to the United Kingdom target of 0.7 to gross national product; by what date she expects to meet this target; and if she will make a statement. [26689]

Clare Short: The Government are committed to the target of raising official development assistance to 0.7 per cent. of Gross National Income. Between 1974 and 1979 the proportion increased from 0.40 per cent. to 0.51 per cent. From 1980 to 1996 the figure fell to 0.27 per cent. Since 1996 we have raised official development assistance as a share of Gross National Income to 0.32 per cent. and are committed to reaching 0.33 per cent. by 2003–04. Progress after that will be decided in the current and subsequent spending rounds.

Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what her estimate is of the expenditure of her Department on overseas development as a percentage of United Kingdom gross national product in each year from 1996–97 to 2003–04; and if she will make a statement. [26688]

Clare Short: Official development assistance (ODA) is measured in calendar years. The UK ODA/GNI ratio for the calendar years from 1996 to 2000, the most recent for which data are available, is shown below.

UK ODA/GNI ratio
19960.27
19970.26
19980.27
19990.24
20000.32

We remain fully committed to the UN 0.7 per cent. ODA/GNI target. We have set out our plans for the years to 2003–04 and, as these show, official development assistance as a proportion of GNI will rise to 0.33 per cent. in 2003–04. Initial estimates of DFID expenditure for 2001 indicate that the ratio will remain around 0.32.

GNI (Gross National Income) is the new name for GNP. The name has been changed to better reflect the information included within the figure.


Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what her estimate is of the expenditure of her Department on overseas development assistance in each of the poorest 20 countries in the world for each of the past five years; and if she will make a statement. [26690]

Clare Short: Total DFID bilateral expenditure in the poorest 20 countries in the world over the last five financial years is as follows:

£000

1996–971997–981998–991999–20002000–01
Benin300888237
Burkina Faso204156305267234
Burundi1,5601,6023249121,547
Chad142153270
Congo, Rep.1076,9115521,3223,096
Eritrea1,2101,2008684382,385
Ethiopia7,9317,3578,7336,96916,194
Guinea-Bissau6768120
Kenya26,42829,43433,14327,05151,923
Madagascar399487410943561
Malawi33,55425,69347,25146,68756,941
Mali523697331205411
Mozambique22,19821,94326,28143,89341,281
Niger112151162177150
Nigeria7,8669,34511,21514,59617,123
Rwanda9,7046,19813,64214,39432,878
Sierra Leone10,6193,1338,94829,91435,022
Tanzania48,19142,19650,10564,32368,687
Yemen, Rep.1,9751,0491,0481,4882,647
Zambia17,39916,18314,80714,29355,934
Total190,158173,864218,231267,954387,441

Source:

Statistics on International Development 1996–97 to 2000–01

This increase in the amount of UK aid spent on the poorest countries is in line with the Government's policy, set out in the 1997 White Paper on International Development, to refocus our efforts on the elimination of poverty. Poorest countries are defined as having the lowest GNI/capita in the most recent year for which data are available (1999).


15 Jan 2002 : Column 138W

Outstanding Debts

Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what her estimate is of the outstanding debts owed to the United Kingdom Government by developing countries, broken down by each country; how the total figure has changed since 1997; and if she will make a statement. [26692]

Clare Short: The UK has written off all its aid loans to the poorest countries. At 1 April 1997, outstanding aid loans of £389,796,841 (principal £341,629,947; interest £48,166,894) owed by developing countries were included in DFID's accounts. By 31 March 2001, this figure had been reduced significantly to £201,835,945 (principal £192,833,981; interest £9,001,964). Table 1 shows, by country, the balance of outstanding aid loans at 1 April 1997 and at 31 March 2001. Bilateral agreements have been reached with all the countries shown in italic on waiving scheduled payments as they become due.

Table 2 sets out, by country, the amount of principal Export Credits Guarantee Department (ECGD) debt outstanding at 31 May 1997 and at 31 December 2001. The figures show a reduction in the residual balance from £1.746 billion to £1.355 billion respectively. Included in these figures are the debts owed by the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC), as shown in ECGD's accounts. However, under the Government's 100 per cent. bilateral debt relief policy, no further payments are required from these countries once they qualify for HIPC debt relief, and any amounts received are held in trust and, once they reach their HIPC Decision Point, are returned to the countries for poverty reduction.

Table 1: Aid debt outstanding at 1 April 1997 and at 31 March 2001
£

PrincipalInterest
Balance at 1 April 1997
Afghanistan132,700
Antigua and Barbuda2,758,448
Bangladesh1,285,136
Barbados213,47038,534
Belize14,875,130
Bolivia11,658
Botswana1,219,906
Brazil2,329,338572,259
Cameroon66,776
Cayman Islands303,158
Columbia439,9855,012
Costa Rica1,891,912215,713
Cote d'Ivoire2,549,746324,005
Cyprus181,774
Dominica7,002,332
Ecuador9,643,4824,205,444
Egypt4,943,62910,644
Ethiopia238,341
Falkland Islands16,226
Gambia166,700
Ghana15,179,211128,503
Gibraltar238,685555
Grenada2,679,508
Guyana32,747,57810,923,653
Honduras2,471,143
India21,596,646
Indonesia1,491,259
Jamaica44,391,24615,996,191
Jordan28,491,0541,565,752
Kenya216,22611,261
Laos6,615
Liberia77,749696
Malawi1,503,200
Malaysia3,911,559525,755
Mauritius1,225,959126,605
Mozambique5,910,104
Nicaragua439,906
Nigeria4,905,08424,425
Pakistan3,616,377
Paraguay2,228,693
Peru5,533,7901,635,351
Philippines3,696,288243,078
Senegal412,33032,450
Seychelles7,885,674794,690
Sierra Leone89,438
Sri Lanka503,116
Solomon Islands2,400,300
St. Kitts3,022,870
St. Lucia3,166,300
St. Vincent3,684,000
Sudan631,972
Swaziland2,721,933
Tonga502,703
Tunisia26,661394
Turkey29,462,7557,987,136
TCI1,751,517296,566
Western Samoa15,991
Zambia38,749,6861,678,732
Zimbabwe13,605,329823,490
341,629,94748,166,894
Balance at 31 March 2001
Afghanistan12,500
Antigua and Barbuda1,687,028
Bangladesh
Barbados58,6703,555
Belize10,499,785
Bolivia
Botswana11,788
Brazil1,286,002215,658
Cameroon
Cayman Islands59,855
Columbia119,469
Costa Rica283,62829,910
Cote d'Ivoire1,684,482149,142
Cyprus100,174
Dominica4,706,732
Ecuador7,418,148
Egypt2,550,561
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Gambia
Ghana6,071,474
Gibraltar
Grenada432,113
Guyana23,690,8034,721,195
Honduras1,164,476
India
Indonesia
Jamaica26,071,930
Jordan17,052,754
Kenya7,975
Laos
Liberia
Malawi96,000
Malaysia1,846,759114,004
Mauritius202,71228,076
Mozambique907,703
Nicaragua398,200
Nigeria4,905,08424,425
Pakistan
Paraguay1,290,293
Peru4,851,901
Philippines1,375,335122,570
Senegal160,329
Seychelles7,885,673794,690
Sierra Leone
Sri Lanka
Solomon Islands1,289,100
St. Kitts2,734,970
St. Lucia1,832,700
St. Vincent3,026,000
Sudan
Swaziland371,600
Tonga75,403
Tunisia
Turkey16,089,5052,420,778
TCI1,091,005109,745
Western Samoa
Zambia28,210,917
Zimbabwe9,229,420260,241
192,833,9819,001,964

15 Jan 2002 : Column 140W

Table 2: ECGD debt outstanding at 31 May 1997 and at
31 December 2001 £ million

Residual balance
Country31 May 199731 December 2001
Angola56.43256.432
Benin2.9682.968
Bolivia18.8100.000
Bosnia4.9351.711
Burkina Faso1.0311.031
Cameroon94.16166.696
Central African Republic0.6150.371
Congo159.111159.111
Cote d'Ivoire35.79530.445
Croatia93.83074.894
Democratic Republic of Congo97.72890.051
Egypt166.082145.390
Ethiopia17.93212.031
Guinea Republic4.6433.609
Guyana47.19234.348
Kenya54.85321.369
Liberia7.2767.276
Macedonia5.9484.628
Madagascar29.77427.662
Malawi0.7670.497
Mali4.6174.617
Mauritania8.6116.163
Mozambique116.96016.731
Nicaragua1.0861.086
Niger12.0739.265
Senegal3.3021.697
Sierra Leone3.8893.889
Somalia17.60317.603
Sudan173.745173.745
Tanzania161.431112.959
Togo15.12314.264
Uganda14.8270.000
Vietnam10.42110.359
Yemen9.6243.071
Zambia293.565240.016
Totals1,746.7601,355.985

15 Jan 2002 : Column 141W


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