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Milk

Mrs. Ann Winterton: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what assessment she has made of the impact on farm gate milk prices of change to the temperature attained in the pasteurisation of milk process. [23064]

Mr. Morley: I am not aware of any proposals to change the temperature required for the pasteurisation of milk. However, in a recent consultation paper on their draft strategy for the control of "Mycobacterium avium" subspecies "paratuberculosis" in cow's milk the Food Standards Agency proposed that the pasteurisation time for milk should be increased from 15 to 25 seconds. I understand that most liquid milk production in the UK is already pasteurised for 25 seconds. Accordingly, I would expect this proposal to have little effect on the farmgate price of milk.

Mrs. Ann Winterton: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what recent discussions she has had with the Secretary of State for Health and the Chairman of the Food Standards Agency on changes in the pasteurisation of milk process; and what recent representations she has received from milk producer organisations regarding proposed increases in the temperature attained in the pasteurisation of milk. [23063]

Mr. Morley: My right hon. Friend the Secretary of State has not had any recent discussions with the Secretary of State for Health or the chairman of the Food Standards Agency on changes in the pasteurisation of milk process. Nor has she received any recent representations from milk producer organisations regarding proposed increases in the temperature attained in the pasteurisation of milk. My right hon. Friend is not aware of any proposals to change the temperature required for the pasteurisation of milk. However, a recent consultation paper on the Food Standards Agency draft strategy for the control of "Mycobacterium avium" subspecies "paratuberculosis" in cows' milk proposed that

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pasteurisation time for milk should be increased from 15 to 25 seconds. This practice is already observed in most dairies.

Rhizomania

Mrs. Ann Winterton: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what support her Department has given to (a) the development and (b) the dissemination of information on rhizomania-tolerant varieties of sugar beet. [23062]

Mr. Morley: DEFRA and the former Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food have spent over one million pounds on research into rhizomania. Much of this research has been into the biology of the organisms which cause and spread the disease, essential information for those developing tolerant varieties. Included in this work are projects more specifically related to the development of tolerant varieties including investigation of the biology and control of Plasmodiophoraceous virus vectors, an investigation of the significance of resistance-breaking Beet Necrotic Yellow Vein Virus (BNYVV) pathotypes for the UK sugar beet industry, and a project which seeks to identify new sources of rhizomania resistance. Additionally, DEFRA has supported the use of new tolerant varieties by accepting an industry request to allow their use on outbreak farms, in fields in which the disease has not been found. However, the development and dissemination of information on new varieties is the task of the seeds industry. Given the widespread findings of the disease in many European countries, where it is managed through the use of tolerant varieties, inevitably much of this development work has been done in those countries.

Laying Hens

Mrs. Ann Winterton: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what assessment she has made of the future impact of the Welfare of Laying Hens Directive on the (a) operations and (b) profitability of the UK egg producing industry. [23066]

Mr. Morley: A partial regulatory impact assessment was produced to accompany the draft regulations to implement the Welfare of Laying Hens Directive during a recent public consultation exercise.

The regulatory impact assessment is now being updated following consultation.

Biosecurity

Mr. Gummer: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what plans she

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has to link future claims for compensation for loss of livestock to the implementation of biosecurity recommendations. [23631]

Mr. Morley: The Animal Health Bill provides for the payment of compensation following infection with foot and mouth disease to be linked to good practice in maintaining adequate levels of biosecurity on affected farms. All farmers will qualify for 75 per cent. of market value, with the payment of any additional amount being subject to an assessment of biosecurity and related matters. Under this adjusted compensation scheme farmers will be incentivised to maintain effective biosecurity. This will benefit responsible farmers and the wider community by helping to limit the spread of disease.

The Bill also provides powers to enable the extension of the provisions on adjusted compensation to other animal diseases, should we decide that it is necessary. This would be done by order, subject to affirmative resolution.

Cattle Imports

Mr. Cox: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many cattle imports there have been in each of the last three years. [23698]

Mr. Morley: Estimates of number of cattle imported in the last three calendar years are given in the table. The majority of these imports are from the Republic of Ireland into Northern Ireland.

UK live cattle imports

Thousand
19988.6
199920
200027

Source:

HM Customs and DARD, Northern

Prepared by: Statistics (Commodities and Economics and Statistics)


Food Imports

Mr. Cox: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs if she will make a statement on the food imports from each European Union country over the last 12 months, broken down by product. [23712]

Mr. Morley: The table shows the value of food, feed and drink imports from each of the European Union countries, over the most recent 12 months for which data are available, broken down by product.

UK Imports of food, feed and drink from EC countries: October 2000-September 2001(56)
£ million

Product group/type France NetherlandsIrish Republic Germany Spain Italy Denmark
Beverages
Beer303551541171
Cider and other fermented beverages1357000
Mineral water99433417385
Other spirits78125644890
Whisky12100000
Wine61381811351872
Total8221031581631532918
Cereals and Cereal Preparations
Barley, unmilled0040001
Bread, crispbreads, savoury biscuits5241765462220
Cereal, milled12121020
Cereal, rolled or flaked2112114401
Mixes and doughs for baking7654004
Other cereal (including maize), unmilled103424000
Pasta uncooked02110530
Rice8211414210
Sweet biscuits341920256212
Wheat, unmilled284410055
Total2671101161163112632
Coffee, Tea, Cocoa and Spices
Chocolate435310854273
Cocoa104704101
Coffee1518368573
Spices3714400
Tea2113000
Total7312711313211157
Dairy Products and Birds Eggs
Butter9446300110
Cheese101311905565670
Condensed milk0107000
Eggs and egg products121439122
Ice cream523511850
Milk and cream61187015
Milk powder513156000
Other milk products771015002
Yogurt140427203
Total206742901411765191
Feedingstuffs for Animals
Dog or cat food for retail42262320415
Flours, meals and pellets of meat, offal or fish1369003
Oil cake453317000
Other animal feedingstuffs7231510111
Total541054656628
Fish and Fish Preparations
Crustaceans1571063128
Fish and crustaceans prepared or preserved61341217117
Fish fresh or chilled1031700017
Fish frozen3152277055
Fish live3000100
Total35393345292116
Meat and Meat Preparations
Bacon and ham30232148113230
Beef and veal52515710265
Beef products (inc. corned beef)43464002
Edible offal and other meat3442006
Lamb and mutton3251300
Other meat products355794111848
Pork3342312961149
Poultrymeat (inc. poultry offal)932702144161326
Sausages and related products13156293167
Total2196513761383157473
Miscellaneous Edible Products
Infant food for retail73665100
Margarine012151031
Other food products and preparations55421375651811
Pasta, cooked or stuffed41350250
Sauces, condiments, seasonings15719174300
Total8212923185117513
Oil Seeds and Oleaginous Fruits
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits278335013
Total278335013
Oils and Fats
Animal oils and fats, not chemically modified4845029
Processed fats and waxes313123128
Vegetable oils and fats, soft, crude, refined or fraction3612221024232
Total44143638252719
Sugars, Sugar Preparations and Honey
Honey0102000
Molasses01711010
Other beet or cane sugar214235001
Other sugars281306010
Raw beet or cane sugar3200000
Sugar confectionery161814253251
Total695439393273
Vegetables and Fruit
Apples, fresh8511122110
Apricots, cherries, peaches, plums and sloes (fresh)1511138320
Bananas291471000
Grapes, fresh or dried69122380
Jams1716229202412
Juice475818459101
Lemons and Limes11001610
Lettuce and chicory, fresh or chilled167007360
Mushrooms and truffles, fresh or chilled425790000
Nuts12014360
Oranges and Mandarins etc.16039810
Other citrus fruit1100000
Other fruit29240865150
Other vegetables, fresh or chilled5514275188171
Other vegetables, prepared or preserved362321312331
Pears and quinces fresh22500260
Potato products5105410034
Potatoes, fresh or chilled (inc. seed)2119231050
Tomatoes, fresh or chilled3790114440
Tomatoes, prepared or preserved10036820
Vegetable, frozen or provisionally prepared1638931611
Total39260613414572626620
Total Food, Feed and Drink2,2872,1481,5461,1331,072934894

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£ million

Product group/typeBelgiumGreecePortugalAustriaSwedenFinlandLuxembourg
Beverages
Beer12000000
Cider and other fermented beverages2000000
Mineral water180055100
Other spirits2000400
Whisky0000000
Wine52390000
Total3924056500
Cereals and Cereal Preparations
Barley, unmilled0000100
Bread, crispbreads, savoury biscuits56010530
Cereal, milled1000000
Cereal, rolled or flaked12000100
Mixes and doughs for baking2000200
Other cereal (including maize), unmilled13000010
Pasta uncooked3000000
Rice5100000
Sweet biscuits17004000
Wheat, unmilled1000000
Total1092224940
Coffee, Tea, Cocoa and Spices
Chocolate57000400
Cocoa2000000
Coffee8001000
Spices0000000
Tea0000000
Total68002400
Dairy Products and Birds Eggs
Butter5001000
Cheese62605000
Condensed milk6000000
Eggs and egg products2000000
Ice cream6100100
Milk and cream3000000
Milk powder2000400
Other milk products0000000
Yogurt8600000
Total941206610
Feedingstuffs for Animals
Dog or cat food for retail29129000
Flours, meals and pellets of meat, offal or fish0000000
Oil cake9020000
Other animal feedingstuffs6000000
Total45149000
Fish and Fish Preparations
Crustaceans9000000
Fish and crustaceans prepared or preserved0070100
Fish fresh or chilled05001100
Fish frozen0010000
Fish live0000000
Total105901200
Meat and Meat Preparations
Bacon and ham3000000
Beef and veal4001000
Beef products (inc. corned beef)1000000
Edible offal and other meat1000100
Lamb and mutton1000000
Other meat products26000200
Pork19010100
Poultrymeat (inc. poultry offal)17000000
Sausages and related products6000000
Total78111400
Miscellaneous Edible Products
Infant food for retail0000000
Margarine8000030
Other food products and preparations21101200
Pasta, cooked or stuffed2000000
Sauces, condiments, seasonings14140200
Total45141530
Oil Seeds and Oleaginous Fruits
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits4100000
Total4100000
Oils and Fats
Animal oils and fats, not chemically modified2000000
Processed fats and waxes5000170
Vegetable oils and fats, soft, crude, refined or fraction14400200
Total22400370
Sugars, Sugar Preparations and Honey
Honey0000000
Molasses0000000
Other beet or cane sugar1000000
Other sugars12000020
Raw beet or cane sugar2000000
Sugar confectionery16100210
Total33100230
Vegetables and Fruit
Apples, fresh2002000
Apricots, cherries, peaches, plums and sloes (fresh)0300000
Bananas32000000
Grapes, fresh or dried14300000
Jams101410000
Juice170114000
Lemons and Limes0000000
Lettuce and chicory, fresh or chilled0030000
Mushrooms and truffles, fresh or chilled3000000
Nuts0000000
Oranges and Mandarins etc.0100000
Other citrus fruit0000000
Other fruit11110000
Other vegetables, fresh or chilled7160000
Other vegetables, prepared or preserved5500000
Pears and quinces fresh8040000
Potato products25000000
Potatoes, fresh or chilled (inc. seed)10032000
Tomatoes, fresh or chilled6020000
Tomatoes, prepared or preserved015180000
Vegetable, frozen or provisionally prepared44021000
Total183844120100
Total Food, Feed and Drink7301161009951190

(56) 2000–01 EU data are provisional and subject to amendment

Source:

HM Customs and Excise: Data prepared by Statistics (Commodities and Food) Accounts and Trade, ESD, DEFR


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