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Malcolm Bruce: To ask the Solicitor-General on what dates her Department's Green Minister attended meetings of the Green Ministers Committee during the current Session of Parliament; on what dates subsequent meetings are planned to take place; and if she will make a statement. 
18 Jul 2001 : Column: 208W
Dr. Moonie: Peer reviewed scientific data comparing the mortality of UK Gulf veterans with an era group of service personnel who did not deploy to the Gulf were published for the first time in The Lancet on 1 July 2000. Updates to these figures were provided by the Ministry of Defence to the House on 20 July 2000, Official Report, columns 24749W, and 22 January 2001, Official Report, columns 41416W. The MOD has undertaken to continue to monitor the mortality of both Gulf veterans and the era group and will publish updated figures on a regular basis. The figures as at 30 June 2001 are shown in the table.
Overall, in the period 1 April 1991 to 30 June 2001 the mortality of UK Gulf veterans was no different from that of the control group. The number of Gulf veterans dying from disease related causes is rather less than the control group, whereas the number of Gulf veterans dying of external causes is rather higher than for the control group. The MOD will conduct a more detailed analysis of accidental deaths, to establish where there are any underlying trends that might help explain this.
|ICD chapter||Cause of death||Gulf||Era||Mortality rate ratio|
|All cause coded deaths||485||473||1.02|
|I||Infectious and parasitic diseases||3||2||1.49|
|III||Endocrine and immune disorders||1||4||0.25|
|VI||Diseases of the nervous system and sense organs||7||6||1.16|
|VII||Diseases of the circulatory system||66||86||0.76|
|VIII||Diseases of the respiratory system||10||5||1.99|
|IX||Diseases of the digestive system||9||14||0.64|
|IV, X-XVI||All other disease-related causes||3||11||0.27|
|EXVII||External causes of injury and poisoning||306||257||1.18|
|Motor vehicle accidents||110||88||1.24|
|Water transport accidents||4||1||3.98|
|Air and space accidents||25||17||1.46|
|Other vehicle accidents||0||1||0.00|
|Accidents due to fire/flames||0||1||0.00|
|Accidents due to natural environmental factors||2||2||1.00|
|Accidents due to submersion/suffocation/foreign bodies||16||6||2.65|
|Late effects of accident/injury||0||2||0.00|
|Suicide and injury undetermined whether accidental||88||84||1.04|
|Injury resulting from the operations of war||3||4||0.75|
|Other deaths for which coded cause data are not yet available||9||18|||
|Overseas deaths for which cause data are not available||2||3|||
(6) Service and ex-service personnel only
(7) World Health Organisation's International Classification of Diseases 9th revision 1977
18 Jul 2001 : Column: 209W
Dr. Moonie: The independent Animal Welfare Advisory Committee (AWAC), chaired by Dr. Robert C. Hubrecht, has recently published its fifth annual report. The committee was set up in 1996 in response to public and parliamentary concern over the use of animals in defence research. Its purpose is to consult, inspect and make all necessary inquiries into all aspects of animal care and their use in establishments of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL), part of the former Defence Evaluation and Research Agency (DERA).
The committee's report gives assurances that animals used in defence research programmes in the UK are regulated under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 and that no special exemptions apply to MOD. The committee's report emphasises the work that DERA have done to ensure the welfare of all animals used for defence research purposes. The committee was satisfied that all possible efforts were being made to ensure animal welfare and care.
Animal research is essential in order to protect our troops from hazards encountered during their duties. However, the Ministry of Defence continues to place emphasis on seeking alternatives to animal use. Although the numbers of animals used have reduced from past years, the technologies which will allow further reduction are still immature. The MOD welcomes the scrutiny by the Animal Welfare Advisory Committee in this area and will continue to support AWAC's review into the care and welfare arrangements for animals used in defence research.
Malcolm Bruce: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) on what date a Green Minister was first appointed in his Department; when subsequent appointments were made; and if he will make a statement; 
18 Jul 2001 : Column: 210W
Malcolm Bruce: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence on what dates his Department's Green Minister attended meetings of the Green Ministers' Committee during the current Session of Parliament; on what dates subsequent meetings are planned to take place; and if he will make a statement. 
Ann Clwyd: To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will publish his forthcoming study into the Government's subsidisation of the military export and defence sector; when this study is expected to be completed; and when Parliament will be able to review the findings of the study. 
Dr. Moonie: We expect the study into the costs and economic benefits of defence exports being undertaken by the Ministry of Defence's Senior Economic Adviser, with contributions from leading, independent, academic defence economists, to be completed shortly. It will be published and made available as soon as possible for review by the House of Commons Defence Committee, which originally proposed the study.
I do not expect the analysis to show that there is Government subsidisation of defence exports, but rather to reflect the fact that there is a significant net benefit to the Defence budgetand thus the taxpayerfrom defence exports. These benefits include a reduction in costs for UK procurement as a result of export orders, receipts from Commercial Exploitation Levy and disposal of surplus MOD equipment. In addition to economic benefits, responsible and legitimate defence exports, together with our own defence efforts, contribute to international stability by strengthening collective defence relationships.
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