Select Committee on Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs Appendices to the Minutes of Evidence


Supplementary Memorandum by Water UK (DWB 18(a))

CLAUSE 10—ASSET LIVES AND LICENCE DURATION

a.   Purpose of amendment

  To achieve a better balance between the benefits of environmental protection and the need to secure a reliable water supply to customers by ensuring that the duration of abstraction licences reflects the lives of the assets required to supply water to customers.

b.   Deficiency in current proposal

  The draft Bill proposes an abstraction licensing regime with time limits for licences. It may lead to time limited licences that are much shorter than the lives of the underlying assets. This would raise costs to customers of supplying water and force companies to look elsewhere for raw water.

  The DETR paper "Taking Water Responsibly" said; "The Government expects that, in many cases, the duration will be of the order of 15 years, but recognises that some abstractions, particularly those associated with major infrastructure, may need licences with significantly longer time limits" (para 1.8). It also indicated that the length of the licence would be left to the discretion of the Environment Agency. Recent indications are that the Environment Agency favours 12 years as the typical duration of the licence.

  Inevitably time limited licences of relatively short duration would lead to increased capital costs as new pipelines are built and new facilities such as new boreholes, reservoirs, pumping stations and treatment plants are needed. It will also reduce payback periods, and reduce opportunities to reap economies of scale, which adds to cost. There are also risks to customers because security of supply will be reduced, leading to possible supply shortages.

c.   Reason for change

  To ensure that the draft Bill properly takes account of the need to link the duration of time limits to asset lives, and to limit the discretion of the Environment Agency.

d.   Actual Proposed Clause

  Clause 10, page 6, after line 27 insert—

    "(5B) In determining the period that a licence under this Chapter shall remain in force, the Agency shall take into account the following-

          (a)   the life-expectancy of any associated infrastructure works (existing and prospective); and

          (b)   the costs of those works (actual and projected), and the period over which those costs may reasonably be expected to have to be recovered."

CLAUSE 11—PRESUMPTION OF RENEWAL AND BURDEN OF PROOF

a.   Purpose of proposed amendment

  Government has said (eg Regulatory Appraisal Table (Appendix A, page 58)) that there will be a presumption of renewal unless there is environmental damage, where a non-time-limited abstraction licence is removed and replaced by a time-limited one. The water industry supports the principle of a presumption of renewal because this will help to reduce the extra cost of the new time limited licensing regime proposed by the Government and help to maintain security of supply.

b.   Deficiency in current proposal

  Despite the Government's apparent intention, the relevant clause of the Bill (Clause 11) does not provide for a presumption of renewal.

  As there should be a presumption of renewal unless there is environmental damage, the Bill should specify the circumstances when the presumption of renewal does not apply. However, the Bill does not put a burden of the proof on the Environment Agency to demonstrate damage, but leaves it to the industry to demonstrate that no damage is committed. By setting this requirement the Bill is not consistent with a presumption of renewal.

c.   Reason for change

  The proposed clauses establish a presumption of renewal and ask that the EA should demonstrate environmental damage.

d.   Actual Proposed Clause

  Clause 11, page 7, after line 26 insert—

    "(6)   There shall be a presumption that any licence in respect of which the conditions of this section are met shall be renewed unless the Agency is able to show that revocation is necessary in order to protect any waters or underground strata, or any flora or fauna dependent on them, from serious damage."

CLAUSE 15—SLEEPER LICENCES AND DROUGHT PLANS

a.   Purpose of amendment

  To ensure that abstraction licences that form part of a company drought plan agreed with the Environment Agency are not revoked for non-use.

b.   Deficiency in current proposal

  The draft Bill proposes to revoke automatically abstraction licences that have not been used for four years, referred to as "sleeper licences".

  Companies rely on such licences for emergency supply arrangements in case of drought and they will be included in the drought plans companies have a legal duty to make and agree with the Environment Agency.

  The proposal lacks logic in that such licences cannot be said to damage the environment if they are not being used.

  If the Environment Agency has potential concerns about the possible use of a sleeper licence they should make the case at the time companies discuss their drought plans with them, as proposed under clause 46 of the draft Bill.

c.   Reason for change

  To ensure security of supply to customers and effective drought plans.

d.   Proposed Modification

  Clause 15, page 11, after line 12 insert:

    "(2A)  After subsection (4) insert—

"(5)  Subsection (4) above shall not apply while the possibility of the abstraction of water under the licence constitutes part of—

  (a)  any water resource management scheme maintained under section 20, 20A or 20B above; or

  (b)  any drought plan maintained under section 39B above."

CLAUSE 21—CO -ORDINATED REGULATION

a.   Purpose of amendment

  To ensure that the Secretary of State and the National Assembly for Wales and the regulators exercise their statutory powers and duties in a co-ordinated manner, and that the regulators have a statutory duty to work together.

b.   Deficiency in current proposal

  Water UK broadly supports the objectives and aims of the draft Bill, which Government has said to be:

    —  to create a fairer balance between the interests of consumers and shareholders;

    —  to make regulation more open, accountable, predictable and effective; and

    —  to produce greater legitimacy for decisions, leading to increased regulatory stability allowing companies to plan with greater confidence for the future.

  However, the Bill as currently drafted does not fully achieve these objectives and Water UK believes that the draft Bill should also provide effective mechanisms for managing the inevitable conflicts between concern for the environment and the needs of water customers. Greater co-ordination between Government and regulators is required, and regulators should be required to work together.

  Essential elements of the mechanism are:

    —  a defined role for the Secretary of State in setting a direction for regulation as a framework for decision-making by all regulators;

    —  a national forum of all relevant parties convened by the Secretary of State to consider the essential aspects of the framework; and

    —  continuing separate roles for different regulators.

  The proposal that the Director-General should have a duty to pursue sustainable development would make the accountabilities of the different regulators even less clear than at present. We see this as a role for the Secretary of State.

  We also think, therefore, that Clause 28 of the draft Bill (guidance to the Director on social and environmental objectives) should be deleted.

c.   Reason for change

  At present four regulators with different and potentially conflicting responsibilities have nothing more than a vague general responsibility to work together. The consequences are that different groups of stakeholders or interests can be treated inappropriately or unfairly, and that the industry is caught in the middle and damaged by the uncertainty thus created.

d.   Actual Proposed Clause

  After Clause 21, page 16, insert:

"PART 1A"

COORDINATED REGULATION

  21A. —(1)   In this section—

    (a)  the Environment Agency, the Director General of Water Services and the Chief Inspector of Drinking Water shall together be referred to as "the regulators";

    (b)  water undertakers and sewerage undertakers for the time being holding appointments under Part II of the Water Industry Act 1991, and all other persons engaged in water supply, or the drainage or disposal of sewage, shall together be referred to as "the water industry" or "water industry bodies";

    (c)  "final price determinations" means final price determinations issued by the Director General of Water Services pursuant to periodic reviews carried out by him under all or any of the instruments of appointment of companies as water or sewerage undertakers; and

    (d)  "the national forum" shall have the meaning set out in subsection (3) below.

    (e)  under subsections, (2), (6), (9) and (11) below—

      (i)  the duties of the National Assembly for Wales shall relate to water industry bodies whose areas are wholly or mainly in Wales; and

      (ii)  the duties of the Secretary of State shall relate to all other water industry bodies.

  (2)  The National Assembly for Wales, the Secretary of State and the regulators shall exercise all their statutory powers and duties, which relate to or may affect the water industry, in a coordinated manner.

  (3)  To that end, the Secretary of State shall from time to time (and so often as may be necessary for the purposes of subsection (6) below) convene a national forum consisting of himself, the National Assembly for Wales, the regulators, the Consumer Council for Water, representatives of the water industry, and such other persons as he or the National Assembly for Wales considers appropriate, for the purpose set out in subsection (4) below.

  (4)  The purpose referred to in subsection (3) above is the consideration of:

    (a)  the policies that should be pursued by the water industry in the long term interests of consumers;

    (b)  the costs and benefits of those policies;

    (c)  the times within which those policies should be implemented; and

    (d)  accordingly how those policies should be funded.

  (5)  Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (4) above, in carrying out its function under that subsection, the national forum shall take into account:

    (a)  the duties imposed on the Secretary of State and the Director General of Water Services under sections 2 and 2A of the Water Industry Act 1991;

    (b)  all other statutory duties and Community obligations imposed on the National Assembly for Wales, the Secretary of State and the regulators which relate to or may affect the water industry; and

    (c)  all statutory and regulatory duties, and Community obligations, imposed on the water industry.

  (6)  The National Assembly for Wales and the Secretary of State shall, at least one year before each occasion on which the Director General of Water Services is due to issue final price determinations, issue a direction to the regulators on the matters listed under subsection (4) above, taking into account the matters listed under subsection (5) above.

  (7)  The National Assembly for Wales and the Secretary of State shall, in formulating such direction, take into account the deliberations of the national forum.

  (8)  The Director General of Water Services shall give to the National Assembly for Wales, the Secretary of State, the other regulators, the Consumer Council for Water and the water industry at least two years prior written notice of the date on which he will issue any final price determination referred to under subsection (6) above.

  (9)  The National Assembly for Wales, the Secretary of State and the regulators:

    (a)  shall exercise all their statutory powers and duties, including their powers to issue directions and guidance (other than that contained in subsection (6) above), in accordance with the direction from time to time issued under subsection (6) above; and

    (b)  to that end, and for the purpose of meeting the requirement set out in subsection (2) above, shall consult and cooperate with one another in relation to the exercise of their respective powers and duties.

  (10)  Before issuing any direction under this section, the National Assembly for Wales and the Secretary of State shall consult the regulators, the Consumer Council for Water, the water industry, and such other persons as the National Assembly for Wales or the Secretary of State considers it appropriate to consult in relation to the direction.

  (11)  As soon as possible after the issue of any direction under subsection (6) above, the National Assembly for Wales or, as the case may be, the Secretary of State shall publish the direction in a manner that will bring it to the attention of all persons who may be affected by or interested in it."

CLAUSES 22, 27 AND 28—DUTIES OF DIRECTOR GENERAL AND APPEAL MECHANISM

1.   DIRECTOR GENERAL

a.   Purpose of amendment

  To improve the draft Bill to provide a clearer statement of the Director General's duties and help clarify the objectives and principles that should guide regulation, and achieve better regulation in line with the Government's objectives of greater openness and transparency, accountability, predictability and consistency, and effectiveness.

b.   Deficiency in current proposal

  The specific changes that are proposed are:

    —  Amend the primary duty of the Director General of Ofwat to take account of the longer term interests of customers.

    —  Make specific reference in the Director General's duties to consult customers properly and secure appropriate funding for asset maintenance.

    —  Require the Director General to extend to future price reviews the general principles established by the Competition Commission in its report on other companies.

    —  To assist the funding of a continuing massive investment programme, retain an existing duty on the regulator to allow water companies to secure a reasonable return on capital.

    —  Require the Secretary of State and the Director General to consult the Health and Safety Executive when relevant to the carrying out of their functions, in line with the corresponding section of the Utilities Act.

    —  Implement the Government's commitment in the utility regulation review to require the Director General to consult on, publish and follow a code of practice governing his decision-making process.

    —  Require the Water Advisory Panel to publish its advice to the regulator.

c.   Reason for change

  To provide a clearer statement of the DG's duties, and the objectives and principles that should guide regulation.

2.  APPEAL MECHANISM

a.   Purpose of amendment

  To enable companies to require the Director General (DG) to refer disputed points of methodology or decisions on particular elements of price setting to the Competition Commission (CC). This will lead to better regulation and promote the long term interests of customers.

b.   Deficiency in current law

  Under existing law, companies can require the DG to refer a determination of price limits as a whole to the CC. This leads to a full redetermination of price limits by the CC often lasting six months or more, which is a lengthy and costly process for all concerned—this is sometimes referred to as the "nuclear" option. The onerous nature of the process discourages companies from appealing even where they feel they have a good case.

  In the case of the two companies that appealed to the CC after the last price review, the CC established a number of general principles that are of wider applicability to all water companies.

  There is a strong case for making this process more effective. We propose that companies should be able to appeal to the CC on particular points of methodology in advance of a review, once the DG has announced his plans for conducting the review. This would ensure that price determinations are undertaken on the basis of methodologies that the CC has an opportunity to review in advance of a price determination and that are not likely to be overturned at a later stage.

c.   Reason for change

  To enable companies to appeal to the CC on disputed aspects of price setting methodology underpinning a price determination without incurring excessive cost. Under existing law, where customers bear the cost of appeals via increased price limits this will also reduce costs to customers.

d.   Actual Proposed Clause

  Clause 22, page 17, after line 19 insert:

    "(8A)  As soon as possible after receipt of any advice from the Panel, the Director shall publish that advice in a manner that will bring it to the attention of all persons who may be affected by or interested in it."

  Clause 27, page 22, after line 34 insert:

    "(2D)  In performing the duty under subsection (2A)(c) above the Secretary of State or, as the case may be, the Director shall—

    (a)  act in accordance with the current direction issued under section 21A(6) of the Water Act 200*;

    (b)  have regard to the long-term interests of consumers;

    (c)  without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing—

        (i)  ensure that appointed companies are able to fund on reasonable terms all required investment programmes and the long-term maintenance of their assets; and

        (ii)  to that end that they are able to secure reasonable returns on their capital;

    (d)  apply to all appointed companies all determinations and conclusions of the Competition Commission (including all methodologies adopted by the Commission) which relate to any such company."

  Clause 28, on page 23 delete lines 28 to 46, and on page 24 delete lines 1 to 22, and substitute:

    "2A—(1)  The Secretary of State and the Director shall from time to time consult the Health and Safety Commission, and relevant undertakers, about all safety matters which may be relevant to the carrying out of any of their relevant undertaker's respective functions under this Act.

    (2)  The Secretary of State and the Director shall, in carrying out their functions under this Act, take into account any advice given by the Health and Safety Commission about any safety issue, whether or not in response to consultation under subsection (1).

    (3)  For the purposes of this section, a safety issue is anything concerning—

    (a)  the abstraction, storage, treatment, conveyance or distribution of water; or

    (b)  the collection, conveyance, treatment or disposal of sewage or effluent,

    which may affect—

      (i)  members of the public; or

      (ii)  persons employed in connection with any of those activities.

    2B—(1)  In this section—

    (a)  `appointed companies' means companies appointed as mentioned in paragraph (b) below;

    (b)  `final price determinations' means final price determinations issued by the Director pursuant to periodic reviews carried out by him under all or any of the instruments of appointment of companies as relevant undertakers.

    (2)  The Director shall—

      (a)  at least two years before each occasion on which he is due to issue final price determinations, consult all appointed companies, their representatives, and such other persons as he considers appropriate, on all the methodologies he proposes applying in making those determinations;

      (b)  at least eighteen months before each such occasion, give written notice to all appointed companies and their representatives of all the methodologies that he will apply in making those determinations, and he shall also publish those methodologies in such manner as he considers appropriate.

    (3)  The Director shall ensure that such methodologies are sufficient to meet all the requirements of section 2 and 2A(2) above, and all the appointed companies' statutory, regulatory and Community obligations.

    (4)  If any appointed company is not satisfied with any of the notified methodologies on any of the grounds specified in subsection (3) above, it may within one month of receipt of such notification refer the methodologies to the Competition Commission.

    (5)  On a reference being made to the Competition Commission under subsection (4) above, the Commission shall within four months determine the methodologies that it considers the Director should apply in his making of the final price determinations in order to meet the requirements referred to in subsection (3) above, and such determination shall be binding on the Director.

    (6)  The Secretary of State may by regulations make such provision as he considers appropriate for regulating the procedure to be followed with respect to any reference made to the Competition Commission under this section.

    (7)  Without prejudice to the generality of the power conferred by subsection (6) above, regulations made under that subsection may apply (with or without modifications) the provisions of any enactment relating to references to the Competition Commission under the provisions of this Act, the Fair Trading Act 1973 or the Competition Act 1998.

    2C—(1)  Within three months of the passing of this Act, the Director shall issue a code of practice on the consultations that he will carry out, and the procedures that he will follow, in relation to all decisions that he is required to take under this Act or any other enactment.

    (2)  The code of practice shall include—

      (a)  provisions aimed at securing transparency, predictability and consistency in relation to the decision-making process; and

      (b)  where appropriate, provision for obtaining and taking into account the views of representative samples of consumers likely to be affected by the decision in question.

    (3)  The Director may from time to time issue a revised code of practice, or issue a new code of practice, under subsection (1) above.

    (4)  Before issuing any code of practice under this section, the Director shall consult the Secretary of State, the Agency, the Chief Inspector of Drinking Water, the Council, all relevant undertakers and such other persons as he considers appropriate.

    (5)  As soon as possible after the issue of any code of practice under this section, the Director shall publish it in a manner that will bring it to the attention of all persons likely to be affected by it."

CLAUSE 42A—RIGHTS OF APPEAL

Purpose of Amendment

  To secure compliance with the requirements of the Human Rights Act 1998 and Article 6(1) of the European Convention on Human Rights by providing rights of appeal in all areas where they do not exist at present.

Deficiency in Current Arrangements

  Article 6(1) of the European Convention on Human Rights, which has been incorporated into domestic law by the Human Rights Act 1998, provides that:

    "In the determination of his civil rights and obligations . . . everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal established by law. Judgement shall be pronounced publicly . . ."

  Judgements of the European Court of Human Rights, which under the Human Rights Act 1998 domestic courts need to take into account, indicate that:

    (a)  civil rights include statutory rights and obligations;

    (b)  this extends to the rights and obligations of companies;

    (c)  the tribunal must be independent of Ministers and regulators;

    (d)  the tribunal must be able to adjudicate on the merits;

    (e)  there must be an entitlement to a public hearing, and judgement must be pronounced in public.

  This approach has recently been endorsed by the High Court of England and Wales in the case of Regina v Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions ex parte Holding and Barnes Plc and Others.

  The Draft Water Bill, and the Water Resources Act 1991 and the Water Industry Act 1991 as they stand and as prospectively amended by the Bill, contain various provisions for the determination of companies' and others' rights and obligations by Ministers and regulators.

Reason for Change

  It is therefore apparent that, in order to comply with the requirements of Article 6(1) of the European Convention on Human Rights, there needs to be added to the Draft Water Bill a right of appeal from the determinations of Ministers and regulators to an independent tribunal.

Actual Proposed Clause

  After Clause 42, on page 48 insert:

"PART IIA

APPEALS

  42A (1)  In this section, the functions of—

    (a)  the National Assembly for Wales shall relate to water undertakers, sewerage undertakers, and all other persons engaged in water supply, or the drainage or disposal of sewage, whose areas are wholly or mainly in Wales; and

    (b)  the Secretary of State shall relate to all other such undertakers and persons.

  (2)  Where the Secretary of State, the National Assembly for Wales, the Environment Agency or the Director General of Water Services—

    (a)  makes any decision, gives any notice or direction, or determines any appeal or other matter (in this section referred to as the `decision') under any of the provisions listed under Schedule 4A below; or

    (b)  fails to make any such decision within any time prescribed by or under the provision in question, or otherwise within such time as may be prescribed under subsection (15) below;

    any person affected by that decision may appeal to the Secretary of State or the National Assembly for Wales.

  (3)  An appeal under this section shall be made by notice served on the Secretary of State or the National Assembly for Wales.

    (a)  in the case of an appeal under subsection (2)(a) above, within 28 days of the notification of the decision; or

    (b)  in the case of an appeal under subsection (2)(b) above, within 28 days from the end of the period prescribed as mentioned in that paragraph.

  (4)  Within 28 days of receipt of a notification of an appeal under subsection (1) above, the Secretary of State or the National Assembly for Wales shall appoint an appropriately qualified and independent adjudicator to determine the appeal.

  (5)  The Secretary of State or the National Assembly for Wales shall appoint the adjudicator on such terms and conditions as he or it may consider appropriate, provided that—

    (a)  the Secretary of State and the Assembly shall not give any directions or guidance to, or impose any restrictions on, the adjudicator with regard to the way in which the adjudicator should determine the appeal;

    (b)  the Secretary of State and the Assembly shall not remove the adjudicator from office while the adjudicator is determining the appeal, other than on the grounds of incapacity or misbehaviour.

  (6)  On an appeal under this section, the adjudicator may—

    (a)  allow or dismiss the appeal; or

    (b)  reserve or vary any part of the decision appealed against (whether the appeal relates to that part of it or not);

    and may deal with the decision appealed against as if it was his own decision.

  (7)  Before determining an appeal under this section, the adjudicator may—

    (a)  hold a local inquiry; or

    (b)  afford to the parties to the appeal an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by him;

  and shall act as mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) above if a request is made by any such party to be so heard with respect to the appeal.

  (8)  If at any time before or during the determination of an appeal under this section it appears to the adjudicator that the appellant is responsible for undue delay in the progress of the appeal, he may—

    (a)  give the appellant notice that the appeal will be dismissed unless the appellant takes, within the period specified in the notice, such steps as are specified in the notice for the expedition of the appeal;

    (b)  if the appellant fails to take those steps within that period, dismiss the appeal accordingly.

  (9)  The decision of the adjudicator on an appeal under this section shall be final.

  (10)  As soon as possible after the making of any determination under this section, the Secretary of State or the National Assembly for Wales shall arrange for the publication of the determination (with the reasons for the determination) in a manner that will bring it to the attention of all persons who may be affected by or interested in it.

  (11)  Subject to subsection (12) below, the costs of any hearing or inquiry held under subsection (7) above shall be defrayed by the Secretary of State of the National Assembly for Wales.

  (12)  Section 250(2) to (5) of the Local Government Act 1972 (local inquiries: evidence and costs) apply to an inquiry held under subsection (7) above with the following adaptations—

    (a)  with the substitution for subsection (4) (recovery of costs of holding the inquiry) of the following—

      `When an adjudicator holds an inquiry under this section, the costs incurred by him in relation to the inquiry shall be paid by such party or parties to the inquiry as he may direct; and the adjudicator may cause the amount of the costs so incurred to be certified; and any amount so certified and directed to be paid by any party shall be recoverable from that party by the Secretary of State or the National Assembly for Wales summarily as a civil debt.'

    (b)  with the substitution in subsection (5) (orders as to the costs of the parties) for the reference to the Minister causing the inquiry to be held of a reference to the adjudicator holding the inquiry.

  (13)  The adjudicator shall have the same power to make orders under section 250(5) of the Local Government Act 1972 (order with respect to costs of the parties) in relation to appeals under this section which do not give rise to an inquiry as he has in relation to such an inquiry.

  (14)  The Tribunals and Inquiry Act 1992 shall apply to a local inquiry or other hearing held under this section as it applies to a statutory inquiry held by the Secretary of State, but as if in section 10(1) of that Act (statement of reasons for decisions) the reference to any decision taken by the Secretary of State were a reference to a decision taken by the adjudicator.

  (15)  To the extent that the provisions of this section supplement or conflict with the provisions listed under Schedule 4A below and any associated legislative provisions, the provisions of this section shall prevail, and the provisions listed under Schedule 4A below and any associated legislative provisions shall be construed accordingly."

  (16)  For the purpose of subsection (2)(b) above, the Secretary of State may by regulations prescribe the time within which any decision must be taken.

  (17)  Within three months of the passing of this Act, the Secretary of State shall make regulations adapting the provisions listed under Schedule 4A below, and any associated legislative provisions, to the requirement contained in subsection (15) above.

  (18)  Regulations made under subsection (17) above may include such transitional, incidental, supplementary and consequential provisions as the Secretary of State may consider necessary or expedient.

  After Schedule 4, on page 67, insert—

"SCHEDULE 4A

PROVISIONS SUBJECT TO RIGHTS OF APPEAL

PART I

RESERVOIRS ACT 1975
Legislative Provision Description
Section 12AFlooding plans


PART II

WATER RESOURCES ACT 1991
Legislative ProvisionsDescriptions
Section 20BWater resource management agreements
Section 29(2B)Restrictions on abstractions to protect works and operations
Section 31Conservation notices
Section 37ARefusal to accept application for abstraction licence
Sections 41 to 45Appeals and call-ins relating to abstraction licences
Section 46ANon-renewal of abstraction licence
Sections 52 to 59Modification of abstraction licences by the Secretary of State
Sections 59A and 59BTransfers of abstraction licences
Section 61Deprivation of the right to compensation
Section 61ARecovery of compensation from new licensee
Section 161CAppeals against works and enforcement notices


PART III

WATER INDUSTRY ACT 1991
Legislative ProvisionsDescriptions
Section 21Enforcement orders
Section 22EPenalties
Sections 27C to 27J, 29, 29A, 192B, 201 and 206 To the extent that such provisions relate to the public disclosure of information
Section 30ADetermination of disputes by the Director General of Water Services
Sections 39B and 39CDrought plans
Section 56Non-domestic supply of water
Section 101ARural sewerage
Section 105Adoption of sewers and sewage disposal works
Section 112Adaptation to general drainage system
Section 115Use of highway drains as sewers, and vice versa
Sections 122, 126, 128 and 135Trade effluent consents
Sections 132 and 133(6)Special category effluent
Section 150ABilling disputes
Section 181Exercise of works powers on private land


PART IV

WATER ACT 200*
Legislative ProvisionsDescriptions
Section 17Deprivation of right to compensation in relation to abstraction licences"
February 2001


 
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