WEDNESDAY 28 MARCH 2001
  
                               _________
  
                           Members present:
              Mr David Curry, in the Chair
              Mr David Borrow
              Mr Michael Jack
              Mr Austin Mitchell
              Mr Lembit Öpik
              Mr Owen Paterson
              Mr Mark Todd
              Dr George Turner
  
                               _________
  
  
                 RT HON MICHAEL MEACHER, a Member of the House, Minister for the
           Environment, and MISS SOPHIA LAMBERT, Director, Wildlife and
           Countryside Directorate, Department of the Environment, Transport
           and the Regions examined.
  
                               Chairman
        131.     Minister, we are grateful to you for coming to talk to us. 
  We realise that you are obviously very busy but we all represent
  constituencies which are heavily affected. In my own constituency I do not
  have a single case of foot and mouth and yet the whole of the constituency is
  now an infected area so that means that in practice any normal agricultural
  activity cannot be pursued in it. In common with a large part of the rest of
  the affected areas there is this incredible sense of embattlement. I am sure
  you have discovered this is a real sense of being in battle.  We welcome the
  measures which you announced last week. My first question is have you made any
  further decisions as to how wide you think the legitimate case for some form
  of relief should go?  At one extreme one could argue there is the Horserace
  Betting Levy Board in respect of cancelled race meetings or the National
  Trust, which is in my constituency, and equally you have got the little bed
  and breakfast house, you have got the village shop, and the one in my
  constituency reported 6.50 in takings last week in one of the high tourist
  areas, or at the most extreme the man who actually runs the cafe in the
  Skipton Auction Market where for obvious reasons there is no trade to be had
  and then within the agricultural community obviously the farmers whose animals
  are going over the 13 months, sheep which are going beyond the marketable days
  and a seriously looming welfare crisis in pigs particularly which we hope the
  welfare scheme will be able to alleviate.  Have you had any further thoughts
  as to where the legitimate front is of how we ought to run it?
        (Mr Meacher)   Obviously we are continuing to look at this. This is a
  moving situation. It is still worsening at the present time and we have to
  measure up the aid that we provide in accordance with the situation we find.
  The Government have always maintained - and this must be right - that the best
  way of assisting non farm businesses, which I am concerned with, is through
  restoring visitors and customers. I do not think anyone would challenge that
  and that is why the Prime Minister today was making his speech. That is why
  we issued the guidelines Friday a week ago.  That is why we today, after the
  third meeting of the Rural Task Force, have issued guidance to local
  authorities about the methodology to implement the guidelines. We shall now
  be checking with all of those local authorities, we have started to do this
  all over the country, as to the policy that they are pursuing and how many
  footpaths, other areas, they are opening up. As I say, it is their decision,
  it is not being taken centrally. We are not able to do that, we would not seek
  to do that, but we need an explanation from each one as to why they are not
  opening up footpaths or whatever. I am sure there is a perfectly good
  explanation but we want to know what it is otherwise we do expect country,
  wherever it can be, to be opened up.  Now that is the prime target, it is
  overwhelmingly the prime target.  However, of course, we realise that in the
  short run there is going to be a need to give assistance to tide businesses
  over. We did that after the second meeting when I made the statement to the
  House in terms of particularly rate relief, deferment and rescheduling of VAT
  and taxes and thirdly, equally importantly, getting the banks on side - and
  I do not think they needed much pressure, to be fair to them, they said that
  they were proactively seeking out clients in order to assist them - in order
  to ensure that there is an extension of lines of credit.  Now in addition to
  that, in addition to trying to ease statutory payments that have to be made,
  we have been looking at further forms of short term aid.  The most obvious one
  is the Small Firms Loan Guarantee Fund, and we are looking to see how we can
  expand that as far as we can in order to give assistance. We are also looking
  at other measures. I cannot today say more about that, I am sure, Chairman,
  for reasons you will understand, until the Government makes the decision but
  I do hope that we will be able to make a further statement shortly.
        132.     Would you accept that in encouraging people to resume
  visiting in a sense you are asking them to pursue a different sort of visit
  from the traditional visit to the countryside? In a sense you are not simply
  saying "Carry on where you left off", it is a sort of new culture of visit you
  are trying to encourage people to pursue.  Are you surprised that some people
  are saying there is almost a sense of "Would it be right for us to do it"
  because of their concerns about the disease?
        (Mr Meacher)   Well, you are quite right, we are not saying, of course,
  that you can go back to where you were six weeks ago. We are absolutely not
  saying that.  We are saying until we are red or blue in the face, whichever
  it is, that you certainly, of course, should keep away from livestock, keep
  off farmland and obey the Keep Out signs.  The Prime Minister again repeated
  it today in his speech. It is not the same. Of course many people do go to the
  countryside to walk across pasture, to walk across commons, to walk across
  grassland, and now that situation is fundamentally different in areas which
  are within range of infected areas. I repeat 50 to 70 per cent, I am not sure,
  I have not worked it out, of the country is not at this point infected. In
  those areas the judgment may well be made by local authorities, in conjunction
  with local veterinary advice, that it is safe to use some of those footpaths
  across commons etc but it is a matter for them. In the other part, the 30 per
  cent which is affected, yes, it is different from what was there before. 
  Getting people to understand that distinction is not easy. We did institute
  an advertising campaign which I am sure everyone here saw in the national
  newspapers, both the broadsheets and the tabloids a week ago, trying to make
  the case for a different kind of safe visiting of the countryside. How far
  that has got across, how far we persuaded local authorities to take account
  of that and open up, is precisely what we are now checking on today and from
  now on.
        133.     Under the aid schemes I wonder if I can draw your attention
  to a letter in The Times on 20 March from Lord Vinson who was the previous
  Chairman of the Rural Development Commission.  That flows from also, if you
  recall, in the House I asked you a question about employers who could not keep
  people in jobs but did not want to make them redundant.  Lord Vinson suggested
  in that letter that the Government could revive the entitlement of small
  employers to claim partial reimbursement from the state by way of redundancy
  rebate. This would enable them to be relieved on the cost of redundancy which
  can be quite severe for a long term employer and help the problem which I
  described, I think, of people who have got employment but no jobs to be able
  to be kept on the books or be temporarily laid off at less cost than it would
  otherwise be. Is that the sort of scheme that you might be thinking of,
  relevant to farming and non farming businesses?
        (Mr Meacher)   That is a very interesting suggestion, if I may say. As
  you will remember, in my reply to your question I assumed you were talking
  about self-employed persons having entitlement to Jobseekers Allowance and I
  replied on that basis. I think correctly I did state what are the conditions. 
  You have now raised a different point which we have not looked at and I think
  that is an interesting proposal.  I think the idea of enabling employers to
  keep trained and skilled staff temporarily in order that they can return
  quickly to work as soon as may be is certainly something we should look at.
  It has always been a problem, of course, that the state cannot subsidise
  employers in terms of keeping employees who are not actively looking for work.
  It would simply give both employers and employees a free lunch for as long as
  may be.  
        134.     Of course.
        (Mr Meacher)   Now that is not the intention. Can I say that we will
  seriously look at that. I was almost going to say you should be a member of
  the Task Force because I am always looking for good ideas and I think that
  might be one.
        Chairman:   I think we may start looking at members of the Task Force a
  little later in the questions.  A very brief intervention from Mr Öpik.
  
                                Mr Öpik
        135.     Before we go into great detail, Minister, one of the things
  that has struck me is the danger of having a double headed monster approach
  to the whole crisis where you have certain objectives and Nick Brown has
  slightly different objectives.  How are we making sure that the danger of
  having slightly conflicting objectives is not going to cause friction in the
  system?  The reason I ask that is because there is a perception in certainly
  parts that I represent that they are not really quite sure which way to look. 
  Psychologically there could be the difficulty of conflicting bodies of
  information coming from those two groups.  For example, is the countryside
  open for business, you might say yes and Nick Brown might say no because he
  is concerned about contamination.
        (Mr Meacher)   I am very well aware of that conflict and, of course, we
  have been repeatedly accused of being confused about our objectives.  I hope
  that is not true.  Maybe it was at the outset, I certainly do not think it is
  true now.  It is a subtle combination of objectives in which it is not true
  that we are saying "close down the countryside for fear of spreading the
  disease", that is a view which I think has taken root amongst local
  authorities and members of the public, as I say, for extremely honourable and
  worthy motives. I think they decided to keep away from the outside because
  they did not want to do anything themselves which might promote the spread of
  the disease.  We now believe that is exaggerated, it is a grossly over-
  precautionary attitude. The veterinary officers of MAFF do not support that
  view as being necessary. Of course we have found also that it is exceedingly
  counter-productive because it has grossly undermined the takings, the
  earnings, of a vast range of tourism and other related ancillary retail
  businesses of one kind or another where the losses that have been repeated in
  the paper are several times greater than the losses to the farming community.
  We have, therefore, to reconcile the two and so far from being impossible I
  think they can be perfectly well reconciled. The first priority is not to do
  anything which will promote the spread of the disease. The Government's number
  one objective clearly is to contain and eradicate the disease. Nothing to
  interfere with that objective will be done by us. At the same time, compatibly
  with that, consistently with that, we can do a great deal more to try and
  protect rural businesses. It is to convey that message which, as I say, is
  certainly not contradictory, is not even contrary - there is so much of the
  countryside, a vast area of the countryside which you can perfectly well go
  to if you keep away from livestock, farmlands and obey the Keep Out signs -
  it is to convey that message which we are trying to do. I do not think it will
  be easy. Personally I think it is quite clear but getting clarity into the
  minds of ordinary Joe Public is not easy.
  
                              Mr Mitchell
        136.     Can I just ask you a question I have been dying for ages to
  ask at these sessions.  What about the workers?  In your answer to the
  Chairman, which I did not quite follow, you were dealing with employers. Now
  it is obviously going to be difficult for employees in collecting Jobseekers
  Allowance, it is not that they are not in jobs, it is just that they are not
  doing it.  They are not actively seeking work.  What benefits are available
  to the workers in the situation?
        (Mr Meacher)   If they are employees and they are made redundant they
  have, of course, the normal immediate entitlement to Jobseekers Allowance. The
  query has been that many small farmers or individual very small businessmen,
  self-employed, maybe with one or two people working with them, if they cannot
  continue are they entitled to benefit and the answer is yes, they can be
  entitled to Jobseekers Allowance provided they are actively seeking work. That
  has to be proven, you cannot receive Jobseekers Allowance and say "Well, I am
  just waiting until I can get my job back but do not expect me to look for
  another job" that is not an entitlement under Jobseekers Allowance.  It may
  be the Chairman has very ingeniously been suggesting this idea of a redundancy
  rebate and, as I say, I think we should consider that.
        137.     Are you saying they can collect redundancy because otherwise
  if the employer wants to keep them on they are akin to fishermen who I find
  have enormous difficulty in getting Jobseekers Allowance.  They are fishermen
  but they are not fishing between trips or when the quota has gone against
  them. They find difficulty in collecting Jobseekers Allowance and there is
  sometimes a long delay if they do get it.  Are you saying they have got to
  collect redundancy payments to answer the employer's problem?
        (Mr Meacher)   No, I am saying that there are rules about entitlement to
  Jobseekers Allowance and those are strict.  We did inherit a Jobseekers
  Allowance which is the successor to Unemployment Benefit ---
        138.     And we have not changed it.
        (Mr Meacher)   No, we have not changed it.
        139.     The employers want to keep them on and they want to keep the
  job they have not got, if you see what I mean, so they are not actively
  seeking work.
        (Mr Meacher)   For that reason they cannot therefore get Jobseekers
  Allowance. It remains the case, as with the previous Government, and it
  remains the case with us.  It is a pretty tough regime and in a time like this
  it is difficult to give relief compatible with those rules to many people who
  members of the public would undoubtedly regard as deserving. We are having to
  look, given the magnitude of the situation we face, at how we can best help
  these people.  I repeat the best way remains - and one must always remember
  that - to get the customers back and then they can be taken on again. There
  is no substitute for that in alternative relief or alternative benefit.
  
                                Mr Todd
        140.     We would all second that.  Surely you must recognise that,
  say, in the case of what certainly happened in my constituency, an abattoir
  which has been shut down because of restrictions, the workers are sent home,
  they receive no money but they are not actually being made redundant, the
  approach that you are taking means that they survive on no income?
        (Mr Meacher)   If they are sent home because the abattoir is no longer
  operating, the fact is they have been laid off in an informal sense, if not
  actually formally.  If the employer is not employing them, either the employer
  is paying them to do work or the employer is not paying them to do work, in
  which case, whatever words you use, they are laid off, redundant, unemployed. 
        141.     The employer takes no direct action of that kind and does not
  issue them with any notice. They presumably can claim that they have been
  constructively dismissed?
        (Mr Meacher)   Yes.
        142.     That is, as I am sure you are aware, not a straight forward
  process and nor is it particularly desirable if the actual goal is to go and
  work for that company again in a few weeks time.
        (Mr Meacher)   Yes, I accept that, but I think the employer does not want
  to put them in a position where he cannot pay them for work that is not done
  and he prevents them getting benefit which they might otherwise be entitled
  to, I am sure he would not wish to do that.
        143.     The correct process should be for him to make his staff
  redundant but, on a behind the scenes deal, in fact he will them hire them
  once again but, while they may indeed claim JSA, they will not seriously look
  for work. It sounds like a sort of recipe of small scale deceit that the
  Government is encouraging.
        (Mr Meacher)   Well, no Minister is going to actually support ---
        144.     No, I am sure you are not.
        (Mr Meacher)   --- what you call a deceit on DSS. Clearly if you seek JSA
  then you are expected genuinely to be looking for work and, indeed, as I
  understand the rules, you will be checked on to see if you really are seeking
  work. I accept there is a real problem here in the particular situation we
  find ourselves where hopefully people are going to be able to be taken on
  again in a relatively short period and there is this lacuna, this gap, which
  has somehow to be met.  Now, as I say, the rules about JSA are quite clear.
  If we could find some way of giving assistance, possibly through the idea of
  a redundancy rebate, which I have not raised with colleagues, and it is not
  my area, if we could find a way consistent with current legislation I think
  we would be very pleased to do so.
  
                                Mr Jack
        145.     The impact, Minister, on the whole of the rural economy is
  now becoming apparent. The complexities are expanding every day.  In terms of
  the Parliamentary answer given announcing your Task Force it says the
  objective is "to consider the implications of the outbreak of foot and mouth
  disease on the rural economy both immediately and in the long term and report
  to the Prime Minister on appropriate measures".  How often do you report to
  the Prime Minister and by what method?
        (Mr Meacher)   I have seen the Prime Minister most days in the last ten
  days since I was appointed. I saw him again this morning; I saw him, I cannot
  remember, two or three times last week but, of course, I communicate also with
  him by writing a minute, producing a report. I promised him a report for
  tomorrow evening and this will continue, I am sure, for some time.
        146.     So we can understand the way the Task Force is operating, if
  we go to the particular areas that you have to look at, we have you
  "identifying problems, drawing up guidance, identifying initiatives and
  identifying potential new actions". Is your role solely to be the gatherer in
  of problems, ideas and possible solutions and then to parcel them all up to
  the Prime Minister who then decides whether that is a good idea or not and
  presses the button on the decision making machine?  Tell us how it works.
        (Mr Meacher)   It is something like that except we do the gathering up
  and the assessment and our recommendations as to what might be appropriate,
  either in terms of access to the countryside, ensuring that local authorities,
  National Trust, Forestry Commission, British Waterways, Historic Houses
  Association, all of these people open up their properties or facilities, that
  is one prime aim. A second is to look at issues of short term relief. For
  that, Mr Jack will be very well aware of this from his previous role as
  Treasury Minister, we negotiate closely with Treasury about these matters. We
  come forward with proposals and we present them to the Prime Minister. We do
  not have power, we do not have authority to decide.  What we do have, exactly
  as you have said, is the Commission to bring together the two wings of this
  which have been referred to already, the farming wing, that is particularly
  NFU/CLA, and, on the other side, the tourist industry and all the local
  authorities and other stakeholder interests to get an agreed package so that
  I can say to the Prime Minister "We have discussed this. Our belief is that
  the way forward is with these three proposals".  We would recommend them but,
  of course, it is his final sanction.
        147.     There is a worry because if one looks at your statement in
  the House at what you have so far announced, we saw help with rural rate
  relief, tax and VAT, chats with the Small Business Service and banks and some
  mention of the Jobseekers Allowance, there are many out there whose businesses
  are in a state of collapse, potentially going out of business who will be
  saying "Hang on a minute, when is something going to happen for us?"  Hearing
  what you have said about all this information going into the already very
  crowded pipeline of information going to the Prime Minister, will we not
  wonder, given his undoubted attention to running the practical slaughter and
  disposal side of foot and mouth, whether he will also have enough decision
  making time to act, to process, to pass on to other Government Departments the
  fruits of your labour?  Do you feel that you are sort of, I would not say also
  rans but somewhat behind the game in terms of getting noticed?
        (Mr Meacher)   No, I do not think that is a problem. The Prime Minister,
  as I am sure everyone realises, is focusing very strongly indeed on this
  issue. He is seeing a very wide range of relevant interests, the Rural Task
  Force is certainly one of those, we are a major player in that but he is, of
  course, consulting others as well.  He is giving a great deal of his time to
  sorting through, as matters are raised, queries by other Departments,
  questions about stakeholders, acceptance of it, testing public opinion,
  checking the media response, all of these things are going on all the time.
  Because, of course, of the gravity of this, as I say, the Prime Minister is
  unusually concentrating, I will not say exclusively, because that is never
  possible for prime ministers, but very strongly on it. It is a natural organic
  process. It is not one where there are a limited number of channels of access
  and he then has to choose between them.
        148.     You have alluded to the fact that there may be more
  announcements in the future about the work of this Task Force. Who is going
  to pull together the content of what may be the next announcement and who will
  be responsible for pressing the button to make that policy, whatever it may
  be, actually happen?
        (Mr Meacher)   It will be the Rural Task Force. If we are talking about
  short term relief, we do have a prime responsibility, that is clear from the
  Prime Minister's commission. As I say, we continued to have a further
  discussion of that this morning.  There are a number of ideas which, as a
  result of that meeting, we are now examining closely. As I did say, I hope it
  will come forward with some further proposals. The Prime Minister himself said
  today about relief of rates, deferment of VAT. That is certainly helpful if
  you do not have to pay your statutory payments on the dot, you get either a
  rates holiday, which we believe a very large number of small businesses may
  get, or some assistance with deferment of VAT without penalty if it is
  justified. Nevertheless, that only takes you so far and if you are simply
  getting no customers and your earnings are going down from 30 per cent, 50 per
  cent, 70 per cent down, we do realise that further measures may be necessary
  and that is exactly what we are concentrating on at the present time.
        149.     Let me ask you a question. I notice the Treasury are listed
  as members, and I think you alluded to it, in their role as the holder of the
  public purse but your statement to the House mentioned the tax and VAT. Given
  that there are matters of practicality, why are there not individual
  representatives of the Inland Revenue and Customs and Excise, because as you
  know they guard their separation jealously from the work straight forwardly
  of the Treasury?  Why are they not on this Task Force?
        (Mr Meacher)   As you know the Chief Secretary is, together with Treasury
  officials. He speaks on behalf not only of HMT but also, in terms of his
  regular contact and through his colleague, he speaks on behalf of Customs and
  Excise. If we had individual representatives from every group that has an
  interest in this, I think we are already 20 to 25 membership, we could easily
  go to 50.
        150.     If you had said to me "We are going to set up some specialist
  sub-committees to feed in" that might have responded to a point that I noticed
  that you are up to 23, not an easy body to chair and make decisions. What
  actually is being done within the Treasury?  For example, it talks of tax
  holidays, a bit irrelevant if you are not making much profit to be taxed on
  in the first place.  Some people may be looking for rebates, a whole variety
  of areas.  There is no representative of the Department of Social Security on
  here and yet in your statement to the House you talked about "We can help
  through the benefits system, Jobseekers Allowance may be available to
  employees".  For example, there are difficult issues over actively seeking
  work. No DSS, why not them?
        (Mr Meacher)   They are there. The Parliamentary Under-Secretary for
  Social Security did attend the second meeting.  It is true she was not there
  this morning but they are members.
        151.     It does not say so on the list that has been printed in the
  parliamentary answer announcing who the membership is. Obviously you may have
  augmented that.
        (Mr Meacher)   I am surprised. If we are talking about the second
  meeting, she was certainly there.  I think it was the second, it may have been
  the first.
        (Miss Lambert) It was the second one.  Basically, Ministers from other
  Departments come in as necessary depending on what is being discussed.
        152.     How do you work with reference to the devolved government in
  the United Kingdom? What is the relationship there?
        (Mr Meacher)   They are all members of the Task Force. They send
  representatives. In the case of Wales they send a member of the National
  Assembly of Wales. In the case of Scotland and Northern Ireland they send
  officials. They have all been active.  Of course this is a devolved area.  To
  that extent the implementation of whatever may be decided is a matter for
  them.  I am extremely keen, of course, that we co-ordinate. We listen, of
  course, to what they tell us they are doing, which in some cases is slightly
  different from what we are proposing in England. Of course they comment about
  proposals. They are certainly full members.  I encourage strong participation
  and that is what we get. I would like to have a co-ordinated response across
  the whole of the UK.
  
                               Mr Borrow
        153.     I just want to touch on the mechanism by which the Task Force
  gets inaccurate information as to what is happening to businesses.  I am quite
  sure we will hear anecdotal evidence that this business is about to close
  tomorrow unless something is done. I recognise however quickly the Task Force
  works there are always going to be businesses that cannot be saved because of
  the timescale. What I am concerned about is whether or not the Task Fore
  itself has got an accurate picture of what is actually happening to rural
  businesses in order to make sure that it can respond within a reasonable
  timescale rather than assuming it has got a few more weeks before it needs to
  put mechanisms in place. It may be it has a few more weeks but we do not
  really know the severity of the immediate problem for businesses in terms of
  whether they will go out of business or be able to stay in business for a few
  weeks. How confident are you that you have got the information and what
  mechanisms are in place to give the Task Force that information?
        (Mr Meacher)   First of all, we all appreciate the severity of the
  situation and that time is of the essence and that action needs to be taken
  very quickly because many businesses certainly within a short time will be on
  the brink, I think we realise that.  Now we get information from all sources
  that we can, obviously.  The Small Business Service and DTI are a major source
  of that information, so are the Government Offices in the region that deal
  with industrial economic matters, of course, as well as others and, of course,
  perhaps above all, from the Regional Development Agencies, particularly those
  in the North West and the South West who are the prime epicentres of this
  outbreak and who have been constantly feeding us information about the state
  of business in the area. Ministers do also try, to be fair, to get some taste
  for this on the ground. I went down to Devon a week ago, I am going to Cumbria
  on Friday. Nick Brown went to both Cumbria and Devon I think the day before
  yesterday. I have also been into the Heart of England Tourist Board region,
  East and West Midlands, and again met half a dozen different kinds of
  businesses. I shall continue to do that for as long as this situation lasts.
  We are gathering information. We are trying to make it as systematic as
  possible.  I have here in the briefing something like 15 pages of detailed
  information that has been collected. I am sure if the Committee want to look
  at it we could make it available. It is being updated, improved, extended all
  the time.  I think we are aware of the situation.  It is what is the
  appropriate response which is going to save as many of these companies as
  possible, that is really what we are concentrating on.
  
                               Dr Turner
        154.     Following on from that point, Michael, have you had any
  feedback yet as to whether you have been successful in changing the public's
  response in the guidance you issued at the weekend and, if not, are you taking
  measures to check it?
        (Mr Meacher)   This is the guidance which I have here. It will be
  published and I can obviously leave a copy with you.  I am aware this was the
  copy I went into the Regional Task Force with and in certain small ways it has
  been changed so I think I had better give you the final version. We did
  exactly what Mr Jack was referring to. We set up a small committee which did
  represent the farmers' interest and the tourist interest just to check two or
  three small items about which there was still disagreement.  We have now got
  agreement. We have the guidelines which we issued ten days ago. The
  advertising campaign followed from it, and they tried to put it in a slightly
  snappier version than guidelines ever are.  Now we have issued guidance to
  local authorities and, as I say, we are going to follow this up immediately.
  We have started phoning around or getting Regional Directors of the Government
  Offices to ring round local authorities in their area to get accurate data on
  what is still closed, what has been opened up, what is proposed to be opened
  up and if it is not proposed to be opened up I want an explanation. As I say,
  there may be perfectly good explanations but I want assurances so that I am
  satisfied that everything that can safely be opened up has been opened up.
  That is the next pressure this week.
        155.     I can certainly tell you, Michael, that I have had telephone
  calls and I am in Norfolk and we have been lucky so far, no outbreak of foot
  and mouth and hopefully we are going to avoid it.  The response I have had
  from the public is them calling up and asking why are we finding all these
  Keep Out signs, Keep Away.  Is there a difference, in fact, in the guidance
  for different parts of the country? Should people get different rules applying
  in Norfolk than in Cumbria?
        (Mr Meacher)   Of course.  Indeed, I am very pleased to hear that people
  in Norfolk are saying "Why are these footpaths closed because this is Norfolk
  and the nearest outbreak is hundreds of miles away, or I do not know, a very
  considerable distance?"  I think that is exactly the question they should be
  asking.
        156.     If I can explain what the worry is. Their worry is that
  somebody from Cumbria is the person who is on the path and the concern and
  fear is that somebody on holiday is going to bring this disease into Norfolk. 
  That is the actual worry, whether it is well founded or not.  I would be
  grateful if you could on the record actually say what the advice is on the
  risk of that because I would have thought the public need to know what the
  scientific basis is.
        (Mr Meacher)   I agree. As you rightly said, they need the scientific
  advice, people do not rely on Government Ministers, and I am sure they are
  right to do so, they go to the experts.  The experts are the local veterinary
  officers under the instructions and guidance of the Chief Veterinary Officer,
  Jim Scudamore.  Now, it is for them to advise the county council, in your case
  Norfolk, about what can be safely opened. I am quite sure in Norfolk a high
  proportion of footpaths can be opened. The question will be asked "What if
  someone comes from Cumbria and brings the disease?" It is not for me to say
  but I am sure the veterinary officer will say the chances of that happening
  are negligible provided that the person has not had contact with livestock or
  has worked or visited a farm which is infected. Those are the key issues.
  People do believe that human beings can very easily carry the disease, in fact
  I think the veterinary advice is that unless people have been in touch
  recently with livestock or worked on a farm recently that is extremely
  unlikely.  It is taking that veterinary advice which is the key point.  As I
  say, I think official guidance and ministerial pronouncements are not right
  in saying, "Well, I perfectly well recognise that, but let's use the
  veterinary advice which has been incorporated in this guidance", because, of
  course, it has been drawn up by DETR and MAFF, and in the case of MAFF they
  have submitted it to their veterinary officers and they have agreed what it
  says here.
        157.     What is happening on Crown land?  I am being distinctive, in
  that I have Sandringham in my patch, and among some of those people
  telephoning me this morning are people asking about the Sandringham estate. 
  Have we issued advice on Crown land and given clear guidance there?  Will we
  be informing those who need to know in places like Sandringham?
        (Mr Meacher)   Yes, the advice applies to estates, to national parks or
  to the open countryside terrain.  Again, it does depend on local veterinary
  advice, applying locally what the agreed criteria are nationally.
        158.     Can I tell the farming community in Norfolk that the
  protection of the agricultural industry and of the livestock is in fact being
  put number one and number two in encouraging movement into the countryside?
        (Mr Meacher)   And number three.
        159.     Could I ask on a slightly different tack what guidance under,
  I think it is, part B of your terms of reference you have actually issued to
  businesses?  You have issued guidance to members of the public and now to
  local authorities.  Have you issued any guidance to businesses?
        (Mr Meacher)   Guidance in respect of what?
        160.     In respect of what "businesses" mean in part B of your terms
  of reference where you were asked to draw up specific guidance for public and
  businesses in accordance with veterinary advice.
        (Mr Meacher)   I am slightly puzzled by that question.  The two main
  objectives of the Rural Task Force are, firstly, to set down the basis on
  which people can make a visit into the countryside, which we have been
  discussing at some length just now - and that applies, I suppose, to members
  of businesses as it does to members of the public - and secondly, about how
  to ensure the survival and regeneration of small or indeed other businesses
  who may be affected by foot and mouth.  Those two are different questions. 
  I am reminded that I think you are probably referring to tourism guidance
  which has been given by DCMS to owners of attractions.
        161.     Right.  So it has come out separately to them?
        (Mr Meacher)   Yes, separately.
        162.     The final related question, or to do with access, is that
  there have been some reports that farmers have wanted roads closed or limited
  access.  It has been said that in some cases it is found that there are not
  sufficient powers in the hands of the local authorities actually to close the
  roads down.  Is that true, or do the powers exist?
        (Mr Meacher)   The highways authorities only have power to close roads
  for traffic reasons.  However, I understand that MAFF legislation does allow
  them to make an order - I think it is under the Foot and Mouth Order 1983 -
  with powers for MAFF to close roads where it is necessary for disease control. 
  So it is possible to do this.  I am aware of concerns about these.  When I
  went down to Devon someone strongly bent my ear about the need to close roads
  leading into Exmoor, and I am aware that police have informally stopped access
  to some roads.  I would repeat, though, that MAFF veterinary advice continues
  to be that the closing of roads - the closing of tarmac roads - is not
  necessary, but the powers are there to do it, if the highways authority cares
  to apply to MAFF for the use of those powers.
  
                              Mr Mitchell
        163.     You are not saying that you want to encourage people from
  Cumbria who want to go for holidays in Norfolk, are you?  What do you think
  the feelings of a boarding-house keeper in your constituency would be if they
  got a booking for two nights from somebody in Longtown?
        (Mr Meacher)   I was asked a question as to what if someone came from the
  most affected areas to a totally uninfected area.  I do understand the force
  of the question, and I suppose that it is possible.  I think it is unlikely. 
  Again, they would be expected, wherever they come from, to obey the same rules
  which are based on safety first.  We must obey safety-first rules.  We must
  do nothing in terms of access to the countryside which in any way endangers
  the spread of this disease, but I think that can be reconciled, I repeat, with
  not total close-down, and we have to find that reconciliation, but one which
  protects the farmers and their interests.  That is the prime concern.
        Mr Mitchell:   Now one perhaps cynical question.  I was somewhat upset,
  during the miners' strike in the 1980s, at the lack of support for businesses
  in the mining areas which were hit by a year-long strike, who got nothing. 
  Looking at it cynically, rural businesses, particularly tourism, are hardly
  going to make money anyway, because who in their right mind is going to go
  into the countryside in this weather anyway?  They are going to be either
  conning you for money they would not have got because nobody wants to go in
  this weather, or you are going to be stuffing money into their mouth to keep
  them quiet for an election.
  
                               Chairman
        164.     He is a member of the Labour Party.
        (Mr Meacher)   I suspect that many members of HM Treasury will be arguing
  along those sorts of lines.  We seriously do have to be careful.  This is
  always a problem in a situation like this where there will be people who try
  to get a free ride, who try to hitch on the bandwagon.  Again, we have this
  very difficult task of ensuring that the deserving get real help that they
  need, whilst preventing people just taking advantage.  It is difficult.
  
                                Mr Öpik
        165.     I will explain the reason why I am asking quite a lot of
  questions.  It is because, as you know, Powys is probably second or third
  affected in the UK, because we are coming up against all these issues at the
  moment.  One request is that you keep the Ramblers' Association directly
  informed, if you are not doing so already.  Christopher Sparrow from the
  Ramblers' Association described the extreme willingness of them to keep their
  membership close to what needs to be done, but a slight frustration because
  they do not feel they are in the loop at the moment for that kind of guidance. 
  Maybe they are, but that is the point.
        (Mr Meacher)   I am sure they are in touch with us.  They are not members
  of the Task Force.  I do not think they have sought to be, and nor do I think
  that would be appropriate.  I am sure we will be open with them about the
  situation.  I am certainly not in any way trying to be secretive or conceal
  the situation as we see it from their point of view, but I am grateful for the
  fact that they well realise the gravity of this and they are behaving very
  sensibly, as I would expect.
        166.     If you did, I am sure Chris Smith would never forgive you, as
  he does a lot of walking.  On the question of advice, I am using this for a
  specific example, but I know there are a lot of general issues.  As you know,
  there are lots of festivals on in the countryside, especially in June and
  August.  We have got something called the Newtown May Festival in Powys.  They
  are trying to decide whether the guidance is that they should cancel their
  event or not.  It is on 8 May.  The Welsh Assembly have said it should not go
  ahead, but it is not taking place on agricultural land, it is in a town.  It
  sounds like the kind of event that you have implied should continue, so the
  request is, what should they do?  Should they go ahead, should they not?  They
  will respect the guidance, whether you give it now or later.  As I say, I
  think there are a lot of towns who would be looking for this kind of answer
  as a precedent for their own action.
        (Mr Meacher)   I am sure that is right.  Indeed, just before I came to
  this Committee I actually had a situation not dissimilar to that, which has
  arisen in my constituency, and I am sure this is generalised right across the
  country.  I think the answer has to be that we must abide by the guidance. 
  If that is still not clear enough, then of course the organisers of these
  events obviously wish them to go ahead, but they must get clearance from the
  local veterinary advice.  That must remain the case if in any doubt.  You can
  certainly consult the local authority, but the final arbiters in this matter
  are the local veterinary officers.
        167.     This is rhetorical.  I would like to say that they currently
  feel there is a conflict of advice from what they see on television from
  Ministers and what they are getting locally.  Maybe the actual step there
  would be to clarify the lines of communication so that they get the same
  message from two different directions.
        (Mr Meacher)   I understand people feeling that.  People do want a very
  simple, clear, unequivocal message.  Unfortunately, in the messy world in
  which we live, which has been greatly complicated by this outbreak, it is not
  as simple as that, even though I think when you come to examining it there is
  clarity.  We want these events, festivals, sporting events, fairs to go ahead
  wherever they can, and that is the point - wherever they safely can - but the
  basis of deciding whether they safely can, whether it is national advice which
  makes it clear, as I am doing now, or local advice, is that the ultimate
  decision must be taken by the veterinary officers who know the local
  situation, and because no situation locally is ever quite the same, they are
  all different in some respects, the judgment must be made on the ground by
  that person and we must all abide by that.
  
                              Mr Paterson
        168.     I have a quick technical point, given the possible
  announcement that might be made next week.  The Rating (Former Agricultural
  Premises and Rural Shops) Bill is being brought forward.  Will any other
  measures under consideration by the Task Force require legislation?
        (Mr Meacher)   Not at the moment.  The Rating Bill does bring forward the
  extension of the mandatory 50 per cent rate relief for village shops to pubs,
  petrol filling stations and foodshops up to a rateable value of 6,000 which
  we are actually increasing to 9,000.  That does require legislation.  We
  happen to have a Bill, fortunately, and we are able to apply an order to bring
  it forward, to accelerate it.  The other proposals are the use of existing
  powers; the proposal for rate relief which we are proposing, which can be up
  to 100 per cent, paid for by Government to the extent of 95 per cent, 5 per
  cent local authority, available, as you know, up to a 12,000 rateable value
  ceiling, which would include 78 per cent - more than three-quarters - of the
  390,000 businesses in rural local authority areas.  What that means, if a
  business does get the 100 per cent rate relief, is that it could be worth
  1,290 over a three-month period for a property at 12,000 rateable value. 
  That is likely to be in excess of the rate bill.  In other words, it is a
  complete rate holiday.  That, I hope, is going to give very considerable
  relief.  We estimate that it might be used by up to 50,000 businesses, but it
  does not require further legislation, it is an extension of existing powers.
        169.     Why do you fix a limit of 12,000 on that?
        (Mr Meacher)   It is an arbitrary figure.  Indeed, it is no secret, of
  course, that we have been asked to raise it.  I repeat that it does cover more
  than three-quarters of rural businesses in the hardest-hit areas.  We think
  that is pretty well targeted aid.  If we were to raise it to 15,000 or
  20,000, it would enormously increase the cost, and it would be much less well
  targeted, so we think 12,000 is a reasonable compromise, but there is nothing
  expressly about the figure.
        170.     Was it your decision or was it the Treasury's decision?
        (Mr Meacher)   It was in discussion between us and the Treasury.
        171.     What comes out of this, though, is that you have shown a very
  sympathetic attitude in the debate yesterday, and you have done the same thing
  today, but what we are not, I think, seeing is an understanding of the
  absolutely chronic, immediate, dramatic crisis.  You have talked about
  business activities going on under current restrictions, but for some of them
  that is just not possible.  I have a number of faxes here from businesses
  involved in country affairs.  There will not be any in my area - 89 per cent
  down.  Equestrian businesses are not allowed out on the roads, they cannot go
  on them, they cannot go near animals.  Their turnover is down 100 per cent. 
  Hotels down 80 per cent.  Pubs down 95 per cent.  Garden visitors down 90 per
  cent.  What you offered last week is encouraging them, and it sounds
  sympathetic.  You considered help, you were very sympathetic, you were
  considering, you were going to make a proposal.  However, what people need is
  not the denial of a negative, which is a tax, which you have done on rates,
  what they need is a positive.  What I would like to address with you is the
  possibility of immediate fast loans.  There has been the suggestion from the
  Conservative Party of a 10,000 loan to small rural businesses.  How can that
  be pushed through the Small Firms Loan Guarantee Fund?  How quickly can you
  do it?  What is lacking is the immediacy.  You are making all the right
  noises, you are consulting, you are talking about vast amounts of information,
  but these people who are faxing me in my constituency - so far with only two
  confirmed cases of foot and mouth - are going bust this week.
        (Mr Meacher)   I understand the urgency with which you say that, and I
  wholly support that.  I know I have been characterised as just considering,
  consulting, bringing up to date.
        172.     I am quoting from your statement last week.
        (Mr Meacher)   I actually think that the rate relief we are bringing
  forward - the extending of 50 per cent mandatory rate relief, and it could be
  100 per cent if local authorities are prepared to grant it - and the wider
  rate relief which I have just spelt out, is very positive, tangible help.  I
  think that if banks are prepared to extend lines of credit, that is real help. 
  If the revenue departments do deliver deferment and rescheduling of VAT and
  PAYE, that is real help.  I accept absolutely that over and above that, we
  should be looking at whether there should be an extension of the Small Firms
  Loan Guarantee Fund, how far that can be extended, whether that is adequate
  and, if it is not adequate, what further measures we can bring forward.  I
  also accept that we should do that urgently, we should be looking at it this
  week.  I accept that.  However, I also do say to you that you are wrong, in
  my view, to give the impression that Government can somehow sustain the
  thousands, and possibly tens of thousands, of businesses that have taken one
  hell of an economic hit.  The only way to protect those businesses is to
  persuade the public that they can safely return to the countryside.  There is
  no other way.  If one is simply going to say that Government has got to do it
  on its own, and we fail, then I think I plead guilty, because there is no way
  we can succeed, any government, in doing that.  We have got to get people to
  understand that they can safely go back to the countryside and spend their
  money, not as a worthy act of patriotism, but because they enjoy it.  I take
  the point that my colleague, Mr Mitchell, has been saying, that unfortunately
  the weather does not encourage people to go into the countryside, it actually
  encourages the foot and mouth virus, it does not encourage people to go out
  and enjoy themselves.  However, we have got to do the best we can, and I am
  determined to get everything opened up that can be opened up.  You have not
  asked, and therefore I will not spend time answering, about the National
  Trust, English Heritage, British Waterways, Forestry Commission, Historic
  Houses Association.  It is just as important that we get them to open up
  wherever they safely can, because that then sends the message first of all
  that there are things that people want to go and visit and enjoy, and secondly
  that normality has returned.  So I have been having discussions with them to
  try to encourage them to open up more, and this must be the main channel.  The
  alternative which you have been stressing is secondary, but it is still
  important and it is still urgent.  Give us a week and you can judge us.
        Mr Paterson:   I think there is still a lack of urgency.  You have
  mentioned rates, you have mentioned going to the banks about loans, you have
  mentioned VAT.  I mentioned all of those three things in the statement when
  Chris Smith, the Tourism Secretary of State, came to the House of Commons two
  weeks ago, and I was accused of ranting and being party political.  It is now
  your government policy, which I am delighted about, but I do think you are
  missing the plot that many of these businesses, even if you reopen the
  waterways, even if you do get help from the bank, are simply not going to have
  a season this year, they have missed it.  There is not going to be a season.
        Dr Turner:  That is a bit defeatist.
  
                              Mr Paterson
        173.     I am not being defeatist.  I am realistic.  I am reading out
  faxes from real people whose businesses are down 90 per cent.  There will not
  be a Westbury Show this year.  The man who supplies shows will not have a
  market.  As that is a result of the failure of the state, by allowing this
  disease into the country, surely it is incumbent on the state to come to the
  aid of these people, and again not just by withdrawing a negative by saying,
  "We're not going to have a tax", but by offering a positive which is a loan? 
  That is why I suggested the 10,000 loan from the Small Firms Loan Guarantee
  Fund, which is a positive help to these people now.
        (Mr Meacher)   You are reiterating your case, and I do not want to spend
  too much time reiterating my answer.  I gave a very full answer, and that is
  what I stand on.  I do accept that further aid may be necessary.  We are
  seeing how far the Small Firms Loan Guarantee Fund can be extended to achieve
  this purpose.  If not, we will look, and are looking, at further aid, I do
  assure you, but I repeat, it is not the case that we write off tourism or
  recreation for Easter.  There is going to be a big drop compared to previous
  years, there is no doubt about that, but we have got to work overtime to push
  up what would otherwise be an even lower total, and I have not given up my
  view that we can significantly increase what in the last two weeks may have
  looked like a complete wipe-out.  I think we can considerably improve on that,
  and that is the drive we are now making.
        174.     When could you have a decision on the loan scheme?
        (Mr Meacher)   I cannot tell you which day.  I spend all my time every
  day discussing these matters.  Clearly, several different interests have to
  come to agree on this.  I am anxious to settle this matter, but we are also -
  and this goes back to an earlier question - trying to collect data about the
  state of businesses.  You have quoted some in your constituency, I am sure
  totally fairly.  The problem about anecdotal evidence is that it is anecdotal
  evidence, it does need to be quantified.  I have no doubt that it is accurate.
        175.     Of course it is.
        (Mr Meacher)   I have no doubt about that.  However, one can quote any
  number of examples.  We do need to have reliable national data.  I do not wish
  to do a research thesis, I am not suggesting we have got the time or
  commitment to do that, but we have to have the systematic evidence which is
  going to persuade other departments that this is justified, and that is what
  I am desperately trying to collect at the present time.
  
                               Mr Borrow
        176.     I think Mr Paterson has shown exactly why I should have asked
  the question which I did ask earlier on, about the need for evidence, because
  it is quite clear that not all political parties have a policy fully to
  compensate every business for every loss that they absorb that is from the
  outbreak of foot and mouth.  I want to look specifically at the issue of
  hardship rate relief, which is the issue which is under the proposal to
  increase it from 75 per cent to 95 per cent funded by central Government,
  which I welcome.  I recognise that the Government cannot give a promise to
  fund that 100 per cent, because it is an open cheque for every local authority
  to give 100 per cent rate relief to every rural business that comes into the
  category, but what I would ask you is if the Task Force is considering giving
  additional funding to the local authorities that are most severely affected? 
  Certainly in those areas where we are dealing here with small shire districts
  who are having to pick up 5 per cent of the total rate bill, that in some
  cases will be quite a significant chunk of the budget of a small shire
  district council in a rural area, and I think we may well find that councils
  are not able to give the sort of relief that was intended under this
  provision, unless there is some willingness on the part of central Government
  to look at additional funding to cover that, albeit that has to be done on the
  basis of how severe the problem is in that particular area.  I also think it
  may be necessary for central Government to look at giving additional funding
  to the most severely affected local authorities because of the additional
  costs which will fall to them in actually giving the service and backup that
  is needed to businesses and the wider community in these areas.  Are those
  things being seriously considered now?
        (Mr Meacher)   Yes, they are.  We are certainly trying to concentrate on
  the areas of greatest need.  That is certainly the sensible thing to do.  The
  rate relief is concentrated on those 151 rural local authorities who are
  hardest hit.  I accept also that if one is looking at aid to particular
  businesses, it is those which are in the infected areas, those which now are
  in designated areas from which the public may be excluded, whose earnings are
  therefore falling potentially to zero, who deserve the most help.  We are
  looking at the best way to do that, whether it is through the Regional
  Development Agency, the extension, as I have indicated, of the Small Firms
  Loan Guarantee Fund, whether it is in terms of small business service in-depth
  consultancy advice as to how businesses can adapt in very difficult
  circumstances, whether it is by accelerating some of the proposals in the
  Rural White Paper, particularly in regard to market towns.  These are all
  options which we are now urgently looking at, but they are all aimed at what
  you yourself say should be concentrated support for the local authorities and
  businesses most hard hit.
        177.     Finally, perhaps I can touch on the wider issue of the
  promotion of tourism in this same context.  Is there a recognition within the
  Task Force and Government that the promotion of tourism itself needs to be
  targeted, in the sense that there needs to be a recognition that there will
  be localities where the promotion of tourism is unrealistic for several months
  to come, because the only reasons tourists would go to those particular
  localities are to walk in the open countryside?  Certainly promoting Mosedale,
  which is a beautiful area, I would say that 90 per cent of the people who go
  to Mosedale will go to walk on the Fells and certainly would not be welcome
  to go there, whilst there are other areas where targeted promotion of tourism
  either by central Government or local government could have a much more
  productive effect in achieving what is achievable in terms of preserving
  tourist businesses in rural areas.
        (Mr Meacher)   Obviously in Cumbria, Powys, South Devon it is very
  difficult to achieve tourist development at this time, although there are
  parts in those areas - for example, East Devon - which are not wholly affected
  and where there are still opportunities which I think we should try to develop
  if we can.  Of course, it is the other parts of the country also.  Norfolk,
  which is as far away as you can get in many ways from the sources of
  infection, has suffered because of the climate of fear which exists that "Even
  if we have not got it now, we may get it tomorrow; it may come in mysterious
  ways, and we can't take any risks".  It is trying to combat that, which is
  basically unscientific and where the risks are so low as to be negligible, but
  where the damage is huge and manifest, that we must concentrate our efforts,
  and that is what we are trying to do.  If we can get tourism back into the 50
  or 70 per cent of the country where there is absolutely no reason why it
  should not develop perfectly normally at this present time, I think we get the
  critical mass which we can develop into the more difficult areas, although
  being extremely careful.  However, I do not think we can start in this area,
  it is the rest of the country which obviously has the best opportunities.
  
                                Mr Jack
        178.     In your guidance to local authorities on rate relief did I
  understand you correctly that the rates holiday that you have granted so far -
  or should I say "rates relief" - only lasts for three months?
        (Mr Meacher)   It lasts for three months in the first instance, yes.
        179.     At what point would you take a view as to whether to extend
  that?  Clearly, from the views that you have heard round the table, it is
  likely that businesses will have a long-term rather than a short-term problem
  in the context of their cashflows, will they not?
        (Mr Meacher)   Yes, I accept that.  Ministers have already long said that
  we are in for a long haul.  No one, of course, knows how long that might be,
  and, of course, there are discussions which are in the media and are well
  understood to be taking place about the best strategy at this point to try to
  contain the disease, which could, in the next few weeks, have a significant
  impact.  That is all relevant material in deciding whether to extend it.  It
  may well be extended, but, as you know, Government is very cautious and we
  concentrate on the immediate period.  I would estimate that certainly two
  months into the three-month period we most certainly have to take a view as
  to whether to extend it.
  
                                Mr Öpik
        180.     I have a number of points about assistance to farmers and
  also for related industries.  Are you considering specific financial
  assistance in restricted zones, for example, to farmers who have not got the
  disease but they cannot move their stock?  The rationale here is that those
  individuals are even now experiencing consequential losses without losing
  stock, and they could lose their business because of the lack of turnover.
        (Mr Meacher)   I have to say to the Committee that that is a matter for
  MAFF, it is a matter for Nick Brown, not for me.  I am exclusively concerned
  with non-farm business.  I know he is very well aware of this issue, but I
  think you should ask him that.  It is not my decision.
        181.     In which case, can I ask about related industries.  Would
  those be in your remit?  For example, there is a construction company in the
  middle of my constituency.  The proprietor of that company contacted me saying
  he is not a farmer himself, he does no farming, but his workforce are normally
  employed on construction on farm sites.  They are not going anywhere at the
  moment, they are not doing any work.  Would that be in the remit of your work
  or MAFF's?
        (Mr Meacher)   I think that would probably come into the Rural Task
  Force, yes.  I know that this separation of non-farm and farm is somewhat
  artificial, the two are very closely interlocked.
        182.     So to use him as an example, as opposed to the Newtown Fair
  example which I mentioned before, he is saying that he is basically going to
  have to close his business, go into bankruptcy within a couple of months
  possibly, or there is the danger of it.  I understand what you have said about
  business rates and so forth.  He is saying that in reality he will need
  something like relief from PAYE, a holiday on paying tax and national
  insurance contributions and so forth, because of the sheer turnover that he
  has lost.  Would that be something that you might consider?
        (Mr Meacher)   I am not a finance Minister, but my understanding is that
  the legislation is very rigid and tight on this, that there is not provision
  in the legislation to forego payment of VAT and PAYE.  Indeed, I am sure that
  all Members in the room have experienced constituents who complain that they
  have been driven bankrupt because the Revenue is insisting on payment of VAT
  that they cannot make.  The Revenue does have that power, and, indeed, I think
  actually has the duty to pursue payment of VAT which is due.  What we have
  said is that where there is flexibility in terms of the timing of payments,
  we should use that.  Of course, that is only stacking up increased liabilities
  at a later stage, but it might keep people going.  The revenue departments
  have said that they will deal with this as sympathetically as possible.  I
  keep saying that I want evidence where that is not being exercised.
  
                               Chairman
        183.     Can I seek clarification, Minister, about aid responsibility? 
  If you have a business based on a farm, a bed and breakfast based on a farm
  or a barn conversion based on a farm - or, I was going to say, a hikers' barn,
  but that is probably the least likely, based on a farm - but not actually
  related to the farm business, and there has clearly been a loss there, under
  whose remit does that fall?
        (Mr Meacher)   That would be the Rural Task Force.  We are concerned with
  everything apart from actual agricultural activities.
        184.     Agricultural activities, not the type of businesses?
        (Mr Meacher)   Yes.  Bed and breakfast on a farm certainly would come
  within our remit.
  
                                Mr Öpik
        185.     Thank you for that intervention.  These related industries,
  as Owen implied, are very close to bankruptcy and do, in my judgement as well,
  need quite a dramatic financial intervention.  Therefore, accepting that if,
  indeed, the rules are that we could not, for example, waive PAYE for now,
  would you as a Task Force be willing to consider the rather radical step of
  waiving the payments, of underwriting those PAYE payments now, even if it is
  on a sort of a loan basis, to the Revenue and then working it out later, if
  the alternative is bankruptcy?
        (Mr Meacher)   I am sorry, I am not clear what you mean by
  "underwriting".  Who does the underwriting?  Do you mean writing off?
        186.     No, I mean basically subbing the firms.
        (Mr Meacher)   Subsidising them?
        187.     Subbing the firms now and then working it out perhaps through
  gradual repayment schemes once things are off and running, so, for example,
  if the company in question has a 5,000 a week tax bill, the Task Force might
  come to an arrangement where you pay the 5,000 - not the Task Force but the
  Government - and then it is paid back over time by the company once it is back
  on its feet.
        (Mr Meacher)   I do not believe that revenue departments have that
  flexibility in the legislation.  I think a better way to achieve the same end
  would be the one which has been raised, which is the provision of soft loans
  or interest-free loans.  That is the obvious way of trying to give further
  assistance.  I repeat, this is, as they say in the best Whitehall lingo, under
  active review, but in this case I mean it.
        188.     Are you developing, and is the Committee specifically
  considering, special measures for farming-related industries?  Is that an
  agenda item for the Task Force?
        (Mr Meacher)   Absolutely.  That is exactly the area which we cover -
  non-farm businesses who have suffered a significant economic loss as a result
  of foot and mouth outbreak.  That is our remit.  That is the group of
  businesses that we are trying to help.  I think I have said it all, so I will
  not repeat it.
        189.     You are quite right.  Moving on to some strategic questions,
  in the short term I raised a concern at the beginning of our meeting today
  about making sure that MAFF and the Task Force worked together.  Can you just
  assure me that strategically you are meeting, for example, as two bodies,
  perhaps on a fortnightly or three-weekly basis, just to make sure that there
  are not conflicting interests?
        (Mr Meacher)   I assure you that it is on a daily basis.  My officials
  certainly meet with MAFF officials once a day, twice a day, three times a day,
  five times a day.
        (Miss Lambert) I have some that are meeting most of the time.
        (Mr Meacher)   I have, of course, Elliot Morley who is Deputy Chairman
  of the Rural Task Force.  I discuss these things with him regularly.  Nick
  Brown has had meetings at MAFF regularly which I have attended.  That has now
  been superseded, of course, under the proper procedure, by a multi-
  departmental meeting chaired by the Prime Minister.  I do stress, and I really
  mean it, that I do not think there is a problem about liaison.  Because we
  represent different interests and the protection of farmers, the protection
  of interests, the tourist community and the rural businesses, I certainly
  think there is no lack of constant effort to reconcile those two interests,
  without overriding either.  I repeat, our paramount concern is to contain this
  disease, but consistent with that there does need to be the closest working
  together, and I can assure you that there is.
        190.     That is interesting, because obviously the Task Force are
  spending most of their time on this, so the answers to some of these questions
  seem obvious to you.  The fact that they were not obvious to me would imply
  to me that it is probably going to be very helpful if your Task Force can
  think of ways to communicate the clarity of purpose between organisations to
  a wider field, because farmers would love to be reassured that there is a
  commonality of purpose.  They fear there may not be.  I am sure there is, from
  what you are saying.  Maybe there is an action step there?
        (Mr Meacher)   Yes, I think what you are saying is completely right.  So
  many people clearly say this sincerely.  I find myself slightly bewildered,
  because I do not think it is the issue which people out there clearly believe
  it is.  Clearly, the amount of assurances that I, or Nick Brown or any of us
  give are not seen as sufficient.  There is still a view that the farmers do
  not want people in the countryside, the tourist industry does, and therefore
  there is conflict.  If I could repeat what I said in my earlier answer to you,
  things are never quite as simple in the real world, and we actually have
  somehow to reconcile both of those.  I think we do that perfectly well, so
  long as we are absolutely clear that the prime concern is the containment of
  the disease.
        191.     On the basis of what you are saying now, I am even more
  convinced that we need absolute clarity.  You said before that the local vet
  and regional veterinary centre has got the ultimate say and obviously should
  have the final say.  That is a useful finding.  Can I suggest that it might
  be worth reviewing how that sort of information is being communicated.  The
  reason I think there is a confusion is people do genuinely think they are
  getting different advice from different directions, and maybe that is one
  reason why many people think there may be a slight conflict.
        (Mr Meacher)   I hope not.  Everyone here will immediately know the
  hotline number, which I need hardly repeat to you is 08456 071071, and that
  will give you local advice from the tourist information centre and the local
  authority, which will certainly be able to answer detailed questions about
  whether you can or cannot do X locally.
        192.     Are you looking towards the longer term both in the sense
  that the disease problem may last longer than you think at the moment - let's
  dare to think of a scenario where it may last eight or nine months - and the
  other related question to that is are you thinking of a recovery plan?  Are
  you beginning to be organised for that?
        (Mr Meacher)   We certainly are.  There are really three stages to this
  which are very obvious.  First of all, it is overcoming this disease, getting
  on top of it, and I know it is an issue whether the Government is or is not. 
  We are not, in the sense the number of new cases of outbreaks continues to
  rise dramatically, but to a large degree we are in the sense they are
  overwhelmingly in the areas of existing infection, but even that may change. 
  We have to overcome the disease, be seen to be reducing it, to have it
  contained.  In that circumstance I think we can then credibly and plausibly
  come forward with a short term regeneration package for businesses which, if
  they have survived, and I hope they have survived, will need a lot of help in
  the short run.  Then, thirdly, there is the wider issue which many people have
  raised about what we mean about sustainable agriculture.  Nick Brown gave the
  Government's view about the best evidence we have as to the source of this
  outbreak.  We all know the conditions involved in intensified agriculture -
  involving very rapid movement of thousands of millions of animals on a regular
  daily basis from Northumberland down to Essex to the abattoir and cattle
  markets and then right back across the country the next day - are conditions
  which maximise the spread of this disease, which is quite apart from the issue
  of chemicals versus organics.  All of these are issues which we have to
  discuss.  If there is any silver lining in this dreadful, awful episode, it
  is that it has raised the question of what we mean about sustainability in
  agriculture far more dramatically than ministers ever could.
        193.     I will not ask for a response to this but within that I hope
  you might consider radical moves such as even abolishing business rates for
  12 to 18 months during the recovery.  I am not expecting a response to that.
        (Mr Meacher)   I hear what you say.
        Mr Öpik: Can I finish with a facetious thought which will solve all
  the problems at once.  Since sunlight and ultra violet light does kill the
  virus and since it always rains here, perhaps we should look at the cloud
  seeding techniques which are used in China.  They do it there before a major
  event.  It may solve all of our tourist and transmission problems in one go. 
  I do not expect a comment to that either.
  
                                Mr Jack
        194.     I want to talk about the level of expenditure which has been
  committed to the various programmes you have outlined but one technical point
  before I get into questions on that.  Going back to the question of rural rate
  relief, am I right in saying that you have already designated 150 local
  authorities for whom this applies?  One of the worries I have, just to be
  entirely parochial for the moment, in my constituency, the Fylde, is there are
  a number of agri-based businesses which clearly have been hit by the knock-on
  effects of events outside the Fylde.  Touch wood, we have not got foot and
  mouth but their businesses are suffering in equal measure to those located in
  areas which do have it.  Will you be reviewing the number of the local
  authorities which can offer this assistance to take into account the agri-
  based businesses which are being affected by the knock-on effects of foot and
  mouth elsewhere?
        (Mr Meacher)   I do understand that point and wherever Governments draw
  the line there will always be businesses, people, on the wrong side of it. 
  The only alternative to that is you make it totally open-ended.  If that is
  not realistic, and it is not, we do have to draw a line.  However, if this
  line is drawn in the wrong way, in a way which does not take into account a
  sufficient number of businesses which are very deserving and clearly do need
  assistance, we will have to review that.  But I have to say that decision has
  been taken in the first instance; 150 is a sizeable number, we believe the
  cost of this rate relief, albeit confined to those small businesses, is going
  to be quite substantial.  Your next question will be, how much, and I cannot
  tell you.  It depends how many claims, it depends on the extent of it, but it
  will certainly be tens of millions of pounds I think.  We will, I repeat, on
  all of these measures have to keep them under active review.  If they are not
  sufficient for the purpose, we will change them.
        195.     Let me probe you, as you raised the question in anticipation. 
  The Prime Minister made it clear that there was no limit on resources to
  tackle the outbreak of foot and mouth.  That is a fairly broad statement or
  it could be interpreted as a very narrow statement, purely and simply focused
  on the slaughter, burial and eradication of disease, but there are confines
  on budgetary commission and budgetary constraints on other forms of help.  Can
  you give us some feel in terms of your contacts with the Chief Secretary as
  to what steer you are getting from the Treasury about where the limits are
  being drawn on this or are there as many resources as needed to fight this
  outbreak?
        (Mr Meacher)   I think the Prime Minister was referring to resources to
  contain and eradicate the disease.  I think that was unquestionably his prime
  concern, it remains the Government's prime concern.  I do not think any
  Government can say there is no limit on resources but this is a very
  concentrated, focused, logistical effort which is backed up by very
  substantial resources to try and contain this disease which is the prime
  concern.
        196.     I can remember when BSE started, I can remember when what one
  might call ball-park figures were worked out for all the implications, and I
  can also remember Chief Secretaries being confronted with those implications. 
  Clearly anybody who is taking the decisions where there is a financial
  commitment - just as you were saying you could not tell us exactly what the
  implications were for 150 local authorities for local rate relief - will have
  pencilled-in a number, whatever that number may be.  Are you meeting
  resistance from the Treasury to whatever the number will be, or have they
  said, "Well, if it is in that ball-park, we will go along with it"?  Do you
  have any kind of overall assessment at this stage of the costs to Government
  of the programmes?  The point being, you have discussed a number of areas
  where you would like to help, you have talked about the Loans Fund Guarantee,
  you do not then want to disappoint people in the future having raised their
  hopes by saying, "Unfortunately the Treasury have constrained us."  Give us
  a feel as to how those discussions are going.
        (Mr Meacher)   I am sure, Mr Jack, as a former Treasury Minister, you
  would be panicking in your Government if a minister in another department went
  to a Select Committee and revealed the detail of interdepartmental discussion
  with the Treasury.  I cannot do that.  These things are being literally daily
  discussed, and they are discussed not in terms of rigid departmental attitudes
  but in terms of the enormity of the need for which there is abundant evidence.
        Mr Jack: To sum up, is the Chief Secretary being sympathetic?  Is he
  being very hard?  Give us a flavour.
        Mr Mitchell:   Chief Secretaries are all sympathetic!
  
                                Mr Jack
        197.     Indeed, I know, but this one has a soft side to him.  He is
  hard and bites in public and chews your legs off if you spend a penny when you
  should not, but on the other hand he has to understand there is going to be
  a resource, and I think the Prime Minister indicated this was going to come
  out of the contingency reserve.  What I am trying to get a feel for is, is the
  Chief Secretary sympathetic and understanding to the extent there will be
  proper flexibility shown?  We are mounting up a whole series of areas where
  help could be given, with the emphasis on "could".
        (Mr Meacher)   You are inviting me to answer an impossible question.
        198.     Go on, have a go!
        (Mr Meacher)   Of course, the Chief Secretary, in view of his position,
  has to be cautious, and this Chief Secretary is, as any would be, but he is
  also in my experience someone who is clearly listening and taking serious
  account of what is happening, and I think he is trying to be helpful.  I
  cannot go beyond that.
        199.     Let me bring you back to something which you can focus on. 
  The Government have, with understandable generosity, said you will match
  public donations to various funds.  I know from my own church there was a
  retiring collection over the last two weeks to help with the Church of England
  Rural Fund, and other churches may well be doing the same thing.  Could you
  tell us what the mechanisms will be to match those funds?  For example, will
  everybody have to collect the money up, or are there some interim payments? 
  Is the commitment open-ended or does it stop at a point in time?  Is there any
  restriction on how voluntary bodies may disperse those funds?  Can you tell
  us how that works?
        (Mr Meacher)   The fund will match public donations made between 1st
  March and 30th June - again in the first instance - obviously when the monies
  have been given for relief of rural distress.  We would certainly require some
  certification.  This is not meant to be a detailed cross-examination, but we
  would require some certification that the money had been raised and it had
  been raised properly for this purpose.  We would also ask the voluntary body
  or the church or whatever it was how it proposed to use the money.  I do not
  think there would be any difficulty about that and on that basis the public
  money would be handed over to the voluntary body.
        200.     Although we have discussed your difficulty in giving an
  accurate steer at this stage as to how much money the Government may be
  willing to commit to various help schemes, I think what people would find of
  great assistance is some idea as to when your deliberations on these various
  matters might be concluded because clearly for a business in discussion with
  its bank trying to develop a survival strategy it would be very helpful to
  know if some of these further help schemes you have discussed are going to
  happen or not within a reasonable timescale. 
        (Mr Meacher)   I agree with that.  We have not got time on our side. 
  Businesses clearly in significant numbers are going to be at risk within a
  matter of a few weeks, I think that is true, and whatever the Government
  decides has to be brought forward quickly.  This is what I said earlier.  I
  cannot give a day, I cannot say this time next week, but it certainly has to
  be done quickly and that is my intention ---
        201.     One last question - and this may be hypothetical - what
  mechanism do you have for sustaining the work of the Task Force and therefore
  the dispensing of such announcements in the event of a General Election being
  called? 
        (Mr Meacher)   I would anticipate that the Rural Task Force would clearly
  continue in place, it would continue to have meetings, it would continue to
  do everything which it does now in that eventuality.  There is no question of
  this not taking priority.
  
                               Chairman
        202.     Making announcements is difficult during election campaigns.
  There is a long-standing tradition of Government announcements, especially
  ones which involve spending money, not being made during a time when
  Parliament is not sitting.
        (Mr Meacher)   That is true for the obvious reason that Governments when
  Parliament is not sitting should not be seen in an Election campaign to be
  stealing an advantage over the Opposition by coming forward with distribution
  of largesse, however, I think this is a totally, totally different situation. 
  I do not know exactly what arrangements might prevail in those circumstances. 
  I certainly think that we would expect to do this in ways which had the
  support of the Opposition.  We have not discussed this - and I am not able to
  say this - but this is not something that I would remotely or any of us would
  wish to be done in a partisan manner.  This is in the national interest and
  the arrangements to ensure that happened would have to be put in place.
  
                               Dr Turner
        203.     When I was complaining about Mr Paterson's viewpoint, I
  understand that where people really have suffered and maybe their business is
  doomed that that is extraordinarily emotive, but the season has not really
  started it seems to me.  In many parts of the country Easter is the time when
  it is really critical to see where it is starting.  It really is, would you
  agree, far too early to be talking about the season being wiped out and it is
  actually a time to make sure it is not wiped out?  What funds and what
  attention are you giving to ensuring that perhaps some money is spent now in
  trying to get the tourists in and trying to reactivate the countryside as
  visitor attractions, which might be an awful lot better than looking at a lot
  of pain a few months downstream?  Are you actually addressing that problem as
  well as the real pain in the farming community?  
        (Mr Meacher)   Yes we are and I would agree with you that whilst Mr
  Paterson's demand for urgency is totally understandable and right,
  nevertheless the view that we have lost it at this stage is wrong.  I think
  there is quite a lot that we can salvage and recover and I think the
  Government should responsibly do all it can to ensure that it does so.  On the
  question of tourism, both international and national, we are putting more
  resources into both.  There is a multi-million - I think off the top of my
  head it is 12 million - which has been earmarked for the BTA in terms of
  trying to correct the grossly esoteric treatment of our country in American
  newspapers and in the American media which has been scurrilous and mischievous
  in its inaccuracy, which is gross.  We are trying to deal with that through
  the Embassy and in Post.  We are trying to get travel correspondents to see
  the true situation here.  There are places you cannot go but there is a huge
  number of places you can.  There are questions like, "Can we eat in Britain
  safely?  Yes, we know about this tourist attraction, we know about that, but
  how do you get from one to the other?"  There are the most absurd questions
  and we are putting a lot of effort into trying to correct those prejudices. 
  With regard to getting our own people (who do understand the situation
  broadly) to accept what they can do, under the auspices of the England Tourist
  Council we are giving more money to the tourist boards to promote attractions
  in their own areas.  We are doing that now because that is the best way, I
  think, of attracting our own people into places where they want to go.  They
  will see that it is being promoted, they will get the message that it is safe
  to go.  It will certainly encourage them if they still have doubts to ring up
  and question and ask - and I am sure they will get a positive answer.  We are
  doing all we can in that sense as well. 
  
                                Mr Öpik
        204.     You said that you welcome good ideas.  Could I ask that you
  publicise a process whereby individuals out there who definitely do have good
  ideas that could help the Task Force can get them to the Task Force both now
  and in a General Election environment? 
        (Mr Meacher)   Write to me, telephone me, send me an e-mail, and I
  promise it will be rapidly taken into account.  We have adopted several ideas
  which have been put to us by others.  I saw a delegation from an MP yesterday
  - and I do not want to encourage everyone to come and see me because I have
  not time to see everybody - which produced six ideas, three of which I thought
  were really good ideas that we should follow through.  We are genuinely
  listening and trying to learn.
        205.     What is the e-mail number?
        (Mr Meacher)   We will get that afterwards. 
  
                              Mr Paterson
        206.     Just following your exchange, may I send you a list of 154
  businesses in Shropshire which have been affected.  You are quite right when
  you said the way to get people back to the countryside is to get rid of the
  disease.  There is one area which is under the remit of your Ministry which
  is the Environment Agency and they are being blamed in my patch, where 87 per
  cent of carcasses were buried on farm last time, and this was a clear
  recommendation of the 1969 Report saying the burial of carcasses was
  preferable to burning, and yet the Environment Agency's advice gives a
  hierarchy of disposal as follows: rendering, incineration, burning on site,
  landfilling and burial last.  Why have the Environment Agency ignored the
  recommendations of the 1969 Report? 
        (Mr Meacher)   I think the only argument that I have heard from the
  Environment Agency or anyone else against burial on site is the risk in
  certain places of contamination of ground water.  As far as I know, there are
  no other reasons why there should not be --- a further message is coming.
        (Miss Lambert) There is also a risk that cattle might be infected with
  BSE which did not exist last time round.
        207.     Not if they are buried six foot under the earth as they were
  last time.  There are farms in my area which have got a hideous mound at the
  back where the last foot and mouth carcasses were buried, and we have all been
  drinking the water in that area and I do not know of any adverse health
  effects, but there is a real health effect of leaving 100,000 carcasses above
  ground rotting with the disease open to dispersal in the countryside.  That
  is a major environmental problem.
        (Mr Meacher)   I entirely accept the point you make.  If the Environment
  Agency has forbidden burial on site without just cause I would certainly
  intervene and ask them to explain their policy and not to repeat it.  I do not
  think there is necessarily a hierarchy, they may give it in a certain order
  and burial comes last.  I think any of those forms of disposal are
  satisfactory.  The important thing is that none of them should have side
  effects which could be polluting or contaminating.  And burial on site can
  sometimes be.  I accept that that has happened more often than can be
  justified by that explanation up to now, but I think the Environment Agency
  now accepts that burial on site is perfectly satisfactory unless there is real
  evidence it could contaminate ground water.
        208.     Is it possible to ring your office if we have cases where a
  farmer may want to bury on site?  I have had two cases where the farmers
  wanted to bury and were not allowed to.
        (Mr Meacher)   I do not think ringing my office, who are not experts in
  this, would help.  If the farmer has contacted the Environment Agency and the
  Environment Agency has not been able to give a satisfactory explanation, and
  the farmer has presumably complained that the matter should be reconsidered,
  if that still does not yield a satisfactory response I would be happy to find
  it out and follow it up with the Environment Agency.
  
                              Mr Mitchell
        209.     First, could I express my personal admiration at your
  patience and generosity in the face of this festival of rural whingeing that
  you have been subjected to.  I hope my colleagues who have been amplifying
  that whingeing will now join me in asking for support for the fishing industry
  where vessels cannot put to sea because the fishing ports are such a mess of
  conservation and all the ancillary industries have gone bust, and have never
  been treated with the generosity that rural issues are getting.  The question
  they want me to ask is simply this: when you come to compensation of
  businesses I hope you take into account that some of the practices of farmers
  particularly have actually created the problem and when we read about the
  merry-go-round of rotating sheep to top up sheep numbers - I think the limit
  on sheep that can be claimed for was increased only a few months back so there
  must be a large number of sheep going round the country on a "pre-cooked" tour
  from farm to farm to top up the numbers, that is the kind of practice that has
  helped cause this and I hope the money will be deducted and these people will
  be penalised rather than compensated.
        (Mr Meacher)   I have read about these practices and of course it is a
  matter for investigation which is certainly beyond the remit of the Rural Task
  Force.  I certainly think that practices like that do endanger the further
  spread of disease and I trust that they have now been stamped out.  That is
  really a matter for MAFF and its officials to regulate. 
  
                               Dr Turner
        210.     I would want us to be very clear indeed on burial.  I do feel
  that the lessons from BSE are that, although we have not discussed it as a
  major issue today, we should be doing major experiments in ensuring and
  testing out what the vets have been saying - that this disease does not affect
  human beings.  I do hope there is not going be an atmosphere in which the
  Environment Agency, against their judgment, are being coerced into burial
  where they have concerns about ground water.  As the responsible Minister it
  is about getting the balance and if I could ask you to affirm that which I
  believe you probably will.
        (Mr Meacher)   I would certainly expect the Environment Agency, if their
  officers believe that there is a serious and significant risk of
  contamination, to stand by their judgment and, of course, I would wholly back
  them.  I was only in answer to Mr Paterson referring to cases which have been
  alleged and not directly been drawn to my attention where the Environment
  Agency had been reluctant or unwilling to sanction burial on site without due
  explanation.
        211.     If you are not certain, you may not definitely know it is
  going to happen, surely the precautionary principle on protection of human
  lives should be that where the Environment Agency do not know it is safe that
  should be sufficient reason.  They do not have to give firm evidence that it
  is unsafe.  There is a difference, is there not? 
        (Mr Meacher)   There is a difference but you are trying to change the
  onus of proof.
        212.     I am trying to be clear where the onus of proof is and I am
  suggesting to you, Michael, that the onus of proof must be that it is safe for
  the ground water and not that we have to prove that it is unsafe and the
  reverse is the case.
        (Mr Meacher)   The officials in the Environment Agency, again the local
  officials who have to exercise their judgment as best they can locally, it is
  for them to take a view as to whether they think there is a significant risk
  involved in burial on site.  If they do believe that I think we have to back
  that judgment.  If they do not believe there is a significant risk or any
  other reason locally as to why it should not be used then I think it should
  go ahead.  It is a perfectly appropriate form of disposal so long as there are
  not indirect, damaging, contaminating side effects.
  
                               Chairman
        213.     Minister, a final few observations.  First of all
  representing a very large constituency with a very large number of sheep,
  while undoubtedly there are rogues in the farming community as in any other
  community, I would not like it to be thought that this outbreak is to do with
  fiddling farmers pushing sheep around the country.  I know you have not
  implied that but I wish to counter that suggestion in case that were to get
  out.  If I may make two observations which I do not ask you to comment on and
  then a couple of brief questions.  The first is this: I appreciate that the
  Government wishes to take decisions on this openly, but sometimes openness can
  lead to confusion.  Let me illustrate that.  We are now talking about the
  possibility of vaccination.  The statement yesterday made no mention of what
  was going to be vaccinated or the circumstances and there is quite a lot
  confusion as a result of that.  The decision has got to mature to a point in
  a sense before it becomes public otherwise it does not help, it simply
  confuses.  I make that as an observation.  The other observation is that there
  is a real problem of the interval between the decisions being announced and
  implementation in the country.  The Ministry of Agriculture announced on 5th
  March a longer distance transport scheme basically to enable ewes to get home
  when they have been off on winter holding.  I know from my own investigations
  that it was a week before any instructions usable by the regional offices were
  received to enable the filling in of application forms.  It was between six
  and seven days before that became operable.  We are now hearing with regard
  to the welfare scheme, which is very important and which is run by the
  Interventions Board in Newcastle, that the phone lines are ungettable, there
  are very few faxes, there is no computer system there, and already there is
  an enormous backlog of investigations building up.  It is not your
  responsibility but I hope you can convey that to the Minister that the
  consequences of the interval between announcement and implementation, knowing
  the resource problems, are serious.  Three small questions, if I may, just to
  conclude.  There could be a conflict between the interests of the tourist
  industry and agriculture in the sense that if I were running a tourist
  business I would say, "Let's vaccinate", because vaccination eliminates the
  visibility of the problem and visitors will come back in because I am
  interested in visitors coming in to me.  A farmer or agricultural industry
  could well be interested in getting the exports out and therefore maintaining
  the disease-free status and therefore become concerned about the implications
  of vaccinations.  So there are bound to be different economic groups which are
  bound to have different interests which are not always easily reconcilable,
  that is just the nature of the difference.
        (Mr Meacher)   I would agree with that.  The decision whether or not to
  use vaccinations is a major strategic decision about which certain groups and
  certain parts of the farming community have expressed extremely strong views,
  and on which the Department has held a considered view over a long period of
  time.  Certainly that decision should be taken solely on the basis of whether
  it is at this stage the right policy to try and contain the disease.  The
  view, of course, has begun to gain ground because in the case of Cumbria, and
  to a lesser degree in Devon, there is a degree of concentration of infectivity
  in those areas on a scale we have never seen before, outside anything which
  happened in 1967-68, and we are faced with a new situation and the matter has
  to be considered on that basis.  I do take your first point though, that it
  is difficult for Government where these matters of great strategic
  significance are being considered.  Do you suddenly come out on a particular
  day with a new policy or is there some discussion, consultation, public
  debate?  There are issues about how this is done.  But I do entirely accept
  that there should be clarity so far as possible but, again, this is a major
  issue which needs to be decided on the basis of what is necessary for
  containment at this unprecedented stage in this outbreak.
        214.     A small question related to vaccination.  Many of us will
  have little tourist attractions specialising in rare breeds, they are never
  going to be eaten, they are never going to be moved, basically they are there
  for kids to have a look at and cuddle, that sort of thing.  Would there be a
  problem, provided they are segregated from farming stock, if vaccination was
  used on them at least to make sure those very special herds which are historic
  herds - their gene pool is very small - are preserved?  In 1967 I think some
  were physically moved away from the outbreak so there was not a risk to those
  particular breeds.  I cannot see why there should be a particular objection
  to that.
        (Mr Meacher)   No, I do not think there is, and I think this issue has
  been well understood.  It is compatible with slaughter in the sense you can
  preserve the germ plasm of these special blood lines even if the cattle are
  slaughtered, but the alternative is vaccination or isolation for the
  preservation of these rather special herds.  That is very much an understood
  point and I am sure, one way or another, we do intend to preserve that special
  stock.
        215.     Finally, Minister, speculation to which you are not invited
  to respond.  I wondered idly whether or not we were seeing a dress-rehearsal
  for the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs in the unlikely hypothesis
  of the return of a Labour Government.  Thank you very much for coming to see
  us.
        (Mr Meacher)   For once I am without words!